Ch 5 & 6

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Author:
lacamp11
ID:
238750
Filename:
Ch 5 & 6
Updated:
2013-10-20 10:42:51
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LG animal
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Lg animal
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  1. Auscultation
    listening to sounds in the body. Lungs, heart, pleura and other abdominal organs.
  2. Borborygmi
    rumbling noise caused by propulsion of gas through the intestines.
  3. CRT is used to estimate __________ and _________
    • hydration
    • blood circulation
  4. Freeze branding
    depigmentation of hair coat with super cooled instruments
  5. Define ileus and list the two primary causes.
    • Intestinal obstruction due to a nonmechanical cause. 
    • paralysis
    • failure of peristalisis
  6. Pulse deficit
    Case in which audible heartbeat is not accompanied by a pulse wave.
  7. TRUE/FALSE: Ruminants are not capable of breathing through the mouth.
    FALSE
  8. T/F: Breathing through the mouth is abnormal in horses
    TRUE
  9. T/F: PLR is a test of vision
    FALSE
  10. What percentage of horses can vomit?
    10%
  11. On horses, tattoo's are placed on _________
    the upper lip
  12. The most convenient location to do a "skin pinch" test is ___________.
    lateral aspect of the neck
  13. What is the cutoff in inches for an equine to be considered a horse?
    • Pony: 56" or less
    • Horse: 57 " or more
  14. Rumen contractions are counted best on the _____ side of the animal
    Left
  15. T/F: observing undigested fibers of hay or grass in a ruminants feces is 
    A. Normal
    B. Abnormal
    B. Abnormal
  16. The menace reflex of foals is not fully developed until approximately __________ after birth.
    2 weeks
  17. What is the most important piece of information obtained by a colic examination?
    Severity of pain
  18. Reflux refers to
    stomach contents that are obtained through a NG tube.
  19. When giving liquids through a NG tube, the fluids should be 
    A. Hot
    B. Cold
    C. Lukewarm
    C. Lukewarm
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Temp in adult horse
    99-101.5
  21. Resp in adult horse
    6-12 bpm
  22. HR of adult bovine
    40-80bpm
  23. HR of adult ovine
    70-90bpm
  24. HR of adult caprine
    70-90bpm
  25. Temp of adult swine
    101.5-103.5
  26. Cranial nerve 1
    smell
  27. Cranial nerves 2 & 7
    vision assessment by menace reflex
  28. Cranial nerves 2 & 3
    • PLR
    • Pupil symmetry
  29. Cranial nerves 3,4,6 & 8
    Eye position
  30. Cranial nerves 5 & 7
    Facial sensation and symmetry
  31. Cranial nerve 8
    hearing
  32. Cranial nerve 12
    Tongue pull
  33. Cranial nerve 9 & 10
    Swallowing
  34. What are the two locations to obtain a CSF sample on the horse?
    • Atlanto-occipital space
    • Lumbosacral space
  35. What are some parts to the neuro evaluation other than the CSF tap?
    • Myelogram
    • CT/MRI
    • Survey Radiographs
  36. What info is valuable to the vet in a colic situation?
    • Pulse rate
    • Respiratory Rate
    • Rectal temp
    • Color of MM
    • CRT
  37. List some items needed for an eye examination.
    • Ophthalmoscope
    • Penlight
    • Good restraint
    • Topical anesthesia
    • Tropicamide
    • Povidone-iodine soln 50%
    • Flourscein strips
  38. What is the medical name for "moon blindness?" What breed commonly develop this disease?
    • Recurrent anterior uveitis
    • Apoloosa breed
  39. What are the three reasons for lameness?
    • Pain
    • Mechanical interference without pain
    • Neurologic lameness
  40. Mare
    female > 3 yrs of age
  41. Broodmare
    female being used for breeding
  42. Stallion
    intact male > 2yrs of age
  43. Gelding
    castrated male
  44. Foal
    young horse from birth to weaning
  45. What is the weaning age for foals?
    3-7 months
  46. Weanling
    weaning to first birthday
  47. Yearling
    1yr- 1.5 yrs
  48. Long yearling
    1.5yrs- 2yrs
  49. Colt
    intact male < 2yrs
  50. Filly
    female < 3 yrs
  51. Normal rectal temp of adult horse
    99-101.5
  52. Pulse in adult horse
    28-44
  53. Pulse in foals at birth.
    60-80 bpm
  54. Pulse in foals first two weeks of life.
    70-100 bpm
  55. Respiration rate in adult horses
    6-12 bpm
  56. Offspring of a male donkey and a female horse
    Mule
  57. Offspring of a male horse and a female donkey
    Hinny
  58. What type of estrous cycle do horses have?
    Seasonally polyestrous
  59. Age of male and female at puberty
    10-24 months

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