Bio411 dod1

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Author:
ccraigr
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238760
Filename:
Bio411 dod1
Updated:
2013-10-04 19:41:43
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Disease of the Day presentations for Bio411-test 1 Medical Microbiology
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  1. Describe the Etiology of Ebola:
    • Ebola VIRUS (Hemorrhagic Fever) 
    • Ebola-African subname 1976.
    • 5 subtypes
  2. Describe the Reservoir of Ebola:
    • Unknown
    • But fruit bats are possible
  3. Describe the Transmission and Development of Ebola:
    • Blood Borne
    • 2-21 day incubation
  4. Describe the Signs and Symptoms of Ebola:
    • 90% mortality
    • Low Blood Pressure (LBP)
    • Early-flu like
    • late-Hemorrhage and Swelling
  5. Describe the Treatment and Prevention of Ebola:
    • No Cure
    • Keep Hydrated
    • Avoid infected body fluids
  6. Describe the Etiology of Gas Gangrene:
    • Toxins and Gas produced by Clostridium perfrinogens.
    • Spore Forming Gram + bacillus
    • Anaerobic
    • Large Scale Necrosis
    • Can also be caused by type A streptococcus
  7. Describe the Reservoir of Gas Gangrene:
    • Soil and intestines
    • Raw meat and Poultry
  8. Describe the Transmission and Development of Gas Gangrene:
    • Would Trauma (4/5)
    • or Opportunistic (remember it's anaerobic) (1/5)
  9. Describe the Signs and Symptoms of Gas Gangrene:
    • Can move quickly (within minutes)
    • Swelling
    • Gas
  10. Describe the Treatment and Prevention of Gas Gangrene:
    • Antibiotics no use (no blood supply)
    • AMPUTATE
  11. Describe the Etiology of Impetigo:
    • G+ infection in the superficial epidermis
    • Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
    • Streptococcus aureus
  12. Describe the Reservoir of Impetigo:
    • Humans
    • Heat and Humidity increase likelyhood
  13. Describe the Transmission and Development of Impetigo:
    • Bacteria enter through damaged skin.
    • Normal Flora
  14. Describe the Signs and Symptoms of Impetigo:
    • Children common
    • Red sores-ooze-crust
    • In billious impetigo S. aureus releases toxins resulting in skin loss.
  15. Describe the Treatment and Prevention of Impetigo:
    • Antibiotics.
    • Wash broken skin.
  16. Describe the Etiology of Salmonellosis:
    • *Highly Under-reported*
    • Caused by the Salmonella family
    • Bacillus- G-
  17. Describe the Reservoir of Salmonellosis:
    • Reptiles
    • Poultry
    • Beef
    • Unwashed Vegetables
  18. Describe the Transmission and Development of Salmonellosis:
    • Fecal-Oral
    • Unwashed Food
  19. Describe the Signs and Symptoms of Salmonellosis:
    • 12-27 hours to present
    • 4-7 day duration
    • Diarrhea
    • Abdominal Cramps
    • Fever
    • Risk of dehydration
  20. Describe the Treatment and Prevention of Salmonellosis:
    • Re hydrate
    • Wash and thoroughly cook food.

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