human bio: connective tissue

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human bio: connective tissue
2013-10-04 19:46:19
connective tissue

connective tissues of human body
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  1. fascia
    suspends the organs within their cavities and wraps them in layers of connective tissue
  2. meninges
    visceral fascia for brain
  3. pericardium
    connective tissue in heart
  4. pleurum
    lung connective tissue
  5. peritoneum
    connective tissue in abdomen
  6. reticular fibers
    mesh of connective tissue
  7. areolar
    found beneath the dermis around blood vessels nerves and joints (loose)
  8. fibroblast
    make fibers of connective tissue
  9. tendons
    dense connective tissue that attach skeletal muscle to bone
  10. ligaments
    dense connective tissue connect one bone to another (has elastin so it is flexible)
  11. microphages
    large white blood cells that eliminate cellular debris and particulate antigens, including bacteria, through phagocytes
  12. cartilage
    dense array of fibers in a jellylike ground substance (dense connective tissue)
  13. dense connective tissues
    • slow to heal
    • no blood supply in connective tissues
    • infections hard to treat
  14. strain
    stretched or injured TENDON
  15. Sprain
    Ligaments are damaged
  16. adipose tissue
    form of loose connective tissue that stores fat, which acts as a source of energy and acts as a cushion
  17. bone
    flexible protein matrix consisting of collagen fibers and other proteins on which calcium phosphate, a mineral crystal, is deposited
  18. bone marrow
    • create blood
    • inside of bone
  19. function of blood
    • transport oxygen and nutrients
    • carry away waste and co2
    • stabilize pH
    • carried white blood cells to infection
    • equalize temperature
  20. plasma
    • liquid in blood
    • 91%water
    • 9% salts (ions)
    • proteins
    • dissolved minerals
  21. cells of blood
    • red blood cells
    • white blood cells (5 different types ,All play a role in immune response)
    • platelet
  22. white blood cells
    • 5 different types (neutrophils, lynphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils)
    • made in red bone marrow
  23. erythrocytes
    • red blood cells
    • most numerous cells in blood
    • deliver oxygen and carbon dioxide
    • hemoglobin
  24. 3 types of plasma proteins
    • albumin
    • globulin
    • fibrinogen
  25. albumin
    • most abundant plasma protein
    • important for plasma's osmotic pressure as well as transportation
  26. hemoglobin
    iron containing oxygen-transport protein in red blood cells
  27. hemoglobin A (adult)
    • 4 proteins that function as one
    • 2 alpha proteins
    • 2 beta proteins
  28. hemoglobin S (2alpha, 2sickle betas) sickle cell disease
    • variant form of hemoglobin found in people with sickle cell disease
    • variation of beta chain gene, causing a change in the properties of hemoglobin which results in sickling of red blood cell
  29. Globulin
    plasma protein important in transportation
  30. fibrinogen
    plasma protein important for the formation of blood clots
  31. leukocytes
    • white blood cells
    • derived from stem cells in bone marrow
    • remove dead or worn-out cells and protect us against invading microbes and foreign agents
  32. Blood typing (ABO)
    • A- Antigen
    • B- Antigen

    • neither - o blood type
    • ao or aa - a blood
    • bo or bb - b blood
    • ab - ab blood
  33. Malaria
    • falciparum malaria
    • parasite in mosquitos
    • develop in liver and go in blood cells
  34. leukemia
    • cancer of white blood cells or cells that develop into white blood cells
    • inadequate numbers of red blood cells
    • increased risk of infection
    • increase risk of bleeding
  35. Lymphomas
    • cancer of Lymphocytes (particular white blood cells)
    • -out of lymphatic to blood, spleen, organs
    • -hodgkins and non-hodgkins
  36. systemic lupus erythematosus
    • autoimmune
    • attack connective tissue
    • flares and remissions
  37. rheumatoid arthritis
    • autoimmune,
    • attacking joints
    • stiffness, fever, muscle and joint aches, loss of appetite, and fatigue
  38. scurvy
    • vitamin C deficiency
    • defective collagen
  39. ehlers-danlos syndrome (EDS)
    inherited disorders that weaken connective tissues
  40. Marfan syndrome
    fibrillin, protein in one of the fibers of the extracellular matrix, is mutated
  41. Fibrosis
    excessive deposition of extracellular matrix protein
  42. healing phases
    • inflammatory phase
    • proliferative phase
    • remodeling phase