HSCI 003, Cutaneous Lesions/Signs and Symptoms/Abnormal Conditions

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HSCI 003, Cutaneous Lesions/Signs and Symptoms/Abnormal Conditions
2013-10-04 22:23:45
Medical Terminology Chapter 16

Descriptions about different skin conditions.
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  1. Crust
    • Dried sebum and cellular debris.
    • Scab
  2. Cyst
    • Thick-walled, containing fluid or semisolid material.
    • Pilondial Cyst
  3. Erosion
    • Wearing away, loss of epidermis.
    • Result of inflammation or injury.
  4. Fissure
    • Groove or crack-like sore.
    • Anal Fissure.
  5. Macule
    • Flat lesion measuring less than 1 cm in diameter.
    • Freckles, tattoos, flat moles, patch.
  6. Nodule
    • Solid, round, or elevated lesion 1 cm or more in diameter.
    • Enlarged lymph node.
  7. Papule
    • Small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin.
    • Pimples.
  8. Polyp
    • Growth extending from the surface of the mucous membrane.
    • Nose, colon, urinary bladder, uterus.
  9. Pustule
    • Papule containing pus.
    • Small abcess on skin.
  10. Ulcer
    • Open sore on skin or mucous membrane.
    • Decubitus Ulcers (bedsores).
  11. Vesicle
    • Small collection (papule) of clear fluid (serum).
    • Blister (Bulla).
  12. Wheal
    • Smooth, edematous (swollen) papule or plaque that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin.
    • Mosquito Bite.
  13. Alopecia
    Absence of hair where it normally grows.
  14. Ecchymosis, Ecchymoses
    • Bluish-purplish mark on the skin.
    • Bruise.
  15. Petechia, Petechiae
    Small, pinpoint hemmorhage.
  16. Pruritus
    • Itching.
    • Associated with dermatitis.
  17. Cellulitis
    Diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling.
  18. Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)
    • Inflammatory skin disease with erythmatous, papulovesicular, or papalosquamos lesions.
    • Rashes.
  19. Exanthematous Viral Disease
    • Rash (exanthem) of the skin due to viral infection.
    • Measles (Rubela).
  20. Gangrene
    • Death of tissue associated with loss of blood suply.
    • Frost bite, diabetes, inflammation.
  21. Impetigo
    • Bacterial inflammatory skin diease characterized  by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions.
    • Pyoderma (caused by Strep)
  22. Psoriasis
    • Chronic, recurrent dermatitis  followed by itchy, scaly, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales.
    • Treatment: Paliative
  23. Scabies
    Contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intense pruritus.
  24. Scleroderma
    Chronic progressive disease of the skin and internal organs with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue.
  25. Systemuc Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
    Chronic autoimmue inflammatory disease of collagen in skin, joints, and internal organs.
  26. Tinea (Tinea Corporis)
    • Infection of the skin caused by a fungus.
    • Ringworm.
    • Tinea Pedis (athletes foot)
    • Tinea Capitis (on the scalp)
    • Tinea Barbae (skin under beard)
    • Tinea Unguium (nails)
  27. Vitiligo
    Loss of pigment in areas of the skin.
  28. Callus
    • Bengign Neoplasm
    • Increased growth of cells  in the keratin layer of the epidermis caused by friction.
  29. Keloid
    • Benign Neoplasm
    • Thickened scar developing after trauma or surgical infection.
  30. Keratosis
    • Benign Neoplasm
    • Thickened and rough legion of the epidermis.
    • Aging or skin damage.
  31. Leukoplakia
    • Benign Neoplasm
    • White thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue on tongue or cheek.
  32. Nevus, Nevi
    • Benign Neoplasm
    • Pigmented lesion of the skin.
  33. Verruca, Verrucae
    • Benign Neoplasm
    • Epidermal growth caused by a virus.
    • Wart.
  34. Basal Cell Carcinoma
    • Cancerous Legion
    • Malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.
  35. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
    • Cancerous Legion
    • Malignant tumor of the squamos epithelial cells in the epidermis.
  36. Malignant Melanoma
    • Cancerous Legion
    • Cancerous growth composed of melanocytes.
  37. Kaposi Sarcoma
    • Cancerous Legion
    • Malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules.