Cardiovascular System

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Author:
kmkulit
ID:
238807
Filename:
Cardiovascular System
Updated:
2013-10-05 03:35:41
Tags:
cardiovascular
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Description:
Laboratory Tests and Clinical Procedures
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  1. cardiac biomarkers
    Chemicals are measured in the blood as evidence of a heart attack.
  2. lipid tests (lipid profile)
    Measurement of cholesterol and triglycerides (fats) in a blood sample.
  3. angiography
    X-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material.
  4. computed tomography angiography (CTA)
    3-D x-ray images of the heart and coronary arteries using computed tomography (64-slice CT scanner).
  5. Doppler ultrasound studies
    Sound waves measure blood flow within blood vessels.
  6. echocardiography (ECHO)
    Echoes generated by high-frequency sound waves produce images of the heart.
  7. cardiac MRI
    Images of the heart are produced using radio wave energy in a magnetic field.
  8. cardiac catheterization
    Thin, flexible tube is guided into the heart via a vein or an artery.
  9. electrocardiography (ECG)
    Recording of electricity flowing through the heart.
  10. Holter monitoring
    An ECG device is worn during a 24-hour period to detect cardiac arrhythmias.
  11. stress test
    Exercise tolerance test (ETT) determines the heart's response to physical exertion (stress).
  12. coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
    Arteries and veins are anastomosed to coronary arteries to detour around blockages.
  13. defibrillation
    Brief discharges of electricity are applied across the chest to stop dysrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation).
  14. endarterectomy
    Surgical removal of plaque from the inner layer of an artery.
  15. heart transplantation
    A donor heart is transferred to a recipient.
  16. thrombolytic therapy
    Drugs to dissolve clots are injected into the bloodstream of patients with coronary thrombosis.

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