med terms test 3

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med terms test 3
2013-10-07 18:10:46
medical terminology

blood, lymphatic, cardiovascular, respiratory
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  1. blasto
    germ, bud, developing cell
  2. erythro
  3. hemo, hemato
  4. lympho
    clear water or fluid
  5. thrombo
  6. thymo
    wartlike, thymus gland
  7. toxo
  8. iso-
  9. poikilo
  10. -emia
    condition of blood
  11. -megaly
    abnormally large
  12. -penia
    abnormal reduction in number
  13. -rrhage
    abnormal discharge
  14. anisocytosis
    the presence of red blood cells of unequal size in a sample of blood
  15. bacteremia
    condition of bacteria in the blood
  16. erythropenia
    abnormally reduced number of red blood cells
  17. hemolysis
    the rupture of the red blood cell membrane
  18. hemorrhage
    abnormal loss of blood from the circulation
  19. leukopenia, leukocytopenia
    abnormal reduction in white blood cells
  20. macrocytosis
    the presence of abnormally large rd blood cells in the blood
  21. poikilocytosis
    the presence of tear shaped red blood cells in the blood
  22. polycythemia, erythrocytosis
    an abnormal increase in red blood cells
  23. splenomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the spleen
  24. thrombopenia
    abnormal reduction in the number of platelets in the blood
  25. toxemia
    the presence of toxins in the bloodstream
  26. botulo
  27. globino
  28. iatro
  29. idio
  30. -genic
    pertaining to production
  31. necro
  32. nosocomo
  33. septo
    putrefying, wall or partition
  34. AIDS
    • acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    • disables the immune response by destroying helper T cells (white blood cells)
  35. allergy
    the bodys immune response to allergens
  36. allergic rhinitis
    (hay fever) inflammation of mucus membranes of the nasal cavity and throat
  37. anaphylaxis
    an imediate reaction to a foreign substance that includes rapid inflammation, vasodilation, bronchospasms, and spasms of the GI tract
  38. anemia
    reduced ability of red blood cells to deliver oxygen to tissues
  39. aplastic anemia
    red bone marrow fails to produce sufficient number of normal blood cells
  40. iron deficiency anemia
    lack of available iron resulting in the bodys inability to make adequate amounts of heloglobin
  41. sickle cell anemia
    hemoglobin is defective within cells resulting in misshaped blood cells that cause obstructions in the blood vessels
  42. pernicious anemia
    caused by failure to acquire vitamin B12 into the blood stream for its delivery to red bone marrow which requires it in order to produce new red blood cells
  43. anthrax
    a bacterial disease that has been threatened to be used in bioterrorism.
  44. autoimmune disease
    a disease that is cause by a persons own immune response attacking otherwise healthy tissue
  45. notulism
    food borne illness caused by the ingestion of the neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum
  46. communicable disease
    a contagious disease; capable of transmission from one person to another
  47. diptheria
    infectious disease resulting in acute inflammation of the mucus membranes, primarily in the mouth and throat
  48. dyscrasia
    an abnormal condition of the blood
  49. edema
    the leakage of fluid from the bloodstream into he interstitial space between body cells causing swelling
  50. fungemia
    a fungal infection that spreads throughout the body by way of the bloodstream
  51. gas gangrene
    infection of a wound caused by various anaerobic bacteria which cause damage to local tissue when blood flow is reduced
  52. hematoma
    a blood clot
  53. hemoglobinopathy
    general term for a disease that affects hemoglobin within red blood cells
  54. hemophilia
    an inherited blood disorder that results from defective or missing blood clotting proteins that are necessary components in the coagulation process
  55. hemorrhagic fever
    an infectious disease that causes internal bleeding and high fever
  56. Hodgkins disease
    malignant form of cancer of the lyphatic tissue that is characterized by the progressive enlargement of lymph nodes, fatigue, and deficiency of the immune system
  57. iatrogenic disease
    a condition that is caused by a medical treatment
  58. idiopathic disease
    a disease that devellops without known or apparent cause
  59. immunodeficiency
    a condition resulting from a defective immune response
  60. immunosuppression
    a reduction of an immune response
  61. incompatibility
    the combination of two blood types that results in the destruction of red blood cells
  62. infection
    a multiplication of disease causing microorganisms or pathogens in the body
  63. influenza
    a viral disease characterized by fever and an acute inflammation of respiratory mucous membranes
  64. leukemia
    a form of cancer that originates from the cells within the blood forming tissue of the rd bone marrow transforming blood forming tissue into dysfunctional mass that produced abnormal white blood cells
  65. lymphadenitis
    inflammation of the lymph nodes
  66. lymphona
    a malignant tumor originating in lymphatic tissue
  67. malaria
    a disease caused by parasitic protozoan that infect red blood cells and the liver during different parts of its life cycle
  68. measles
    an acute viral disease that often begins as a fever followed by the development of a skin rash containing numerous vesicles and often accompanied by general inflammation of the respirator tract
  69. mononucleosis
    a viral disease characterized by enlarges lymph nodes and spleen atypical lymphocytes, throat pain pharyngitis, fever, and fatigue
  70. necrosis
    the death of one or more cells or a portion of tissue or organ
  71. nosocomial infection
    an infectious disease that is contracted during a hospital stay
  72. plague
    an infectious disease that is widespread and causes extensive mortality
  73. rabies
    a viral infection that is spread from the saliva of an infected animal. acts on the central nervous system to cause paranoia and paralysis and is usually fatal
  74. septicemia
    a widespread diseas caused by the presence of bacteria and their toxins int he circulating blood
  75. smallpox
    a viral disease caused by variola virus
  76. staphylococcemia
    the presence of the bacterium staphylococcus int he blood. staph infection. most common cause of food borne illness skin inflammation osteomyelitis, and nosocomial infection
  77. MRSA
    methicillin resistant staphylococcus, varieties os staphylococcus that are resistant to antibiotics, mersa
  78. streptococcemia
    the presence of streptococcus int he blood
  79. tetanus
    a disease cause by a powerful neurotoxin released by common bacterium Clostridium tetani. acts on the central nervous system to cause convulsions and spastic paralysis
  80. thymoma
    a tumor originating in the thymus gland
  81. -crit
    to separate
  82. antibiotic therapy
    a therapeutic treatment involving the use of substances with known toxicity to bacteria
  83. anticoagulant
    a chemical agent that delays or prevents clotting process in the blood
  84. antiretroviral therapy
    a pharmacological therapy that is useful in battling a class of viruses that tend to mutate quickly called retroviruses
  85. attenuation
    the process in wich pathogens are rendered less virulent or infectious, prior to their incorporation into a vaccine preparation
  86. autologous transfusion
    a transfusion of blood donated by a patient for their personal use
  87. blood chemistry
    a test or series of tests on a sample of plasma to measure the levels of its components including glucose, albumin, triglycerides, pH, cholesterol, and electrolytes
  88. blood culture
    a clinical test to determine infection in the blood
  89. blood transfusion
    the introduction of blood, blood products, or a blood substitute into a patients circulation to restore blood volume to normal levels
  90. bone marrow transplant
    removal of a sample of red bone marrow from a compatible donor and its inoculation into the recipients red marrow.  a common procedure to treat leukemia or injury resulting from radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
  91. coagulation time
    a timed blood test to determine the time required for a blood clot to form
  92. prothrombin time
    measures the time for prothrobin, a precursor protein, to form thromin
  93. partial thromboplastin time
    test used to evaluate clotting ability
  94. complete blood count
    a common laboratory test hat evaluates a sample of blood to provide diagnostic information about a patients general health
  95. differential count
    a microscopic count of the number of each type of white blood cells in a sample
  96. hematocrit
    a procedure included in a complete blood count that measures the percentage of red blood cells in a volume of blood
  97. hematology
    the general field of medicine focusing on blood related disease
  98. hemoglobin
    a procedure included in complete blood count that measures the level of hemoglobinin red blood cells
  99. hemostasis
    the stoppage of bleedingf in a physiological process
  100. homologous transfusion
    tranfusion of blood that is voluntarily donated by another person
  101. immunization
    a treatment that establishes immunity against a particular foreign substance that may othewise cause disease
  102. immunology
    the science concerned with immunity and allergu
  103. immunotherapy
    the treatment of infectious disease by the administration of pharmacological agents such as serum gamma globulin treated antibodies and suppressive drugs
  104. lymphadenectomy
    the surgical removal of one or more lymph nodes
  105. platelet count
    a laboratory procedure that calculates the number of platelets in a known volume of blood
  106. prophylaxis
    any treatment that tends to prevent the onset of an infection or other type of disease
  107. red blood count
    a lab test included in a complete blood count that measures the number of red blood cells within a given volume of blood
  108. splenectomy
    the surgical removal of the spleen is often necessary if it has ruptured, which may occur during a physical injury to the left side of the trunk
  109. thrombolysis
    a treatment that is performed to dissove an unwanted blood clot
  110. vaccination
    the inoculation of a foreign substance that has reduced virulence or a reduced ability to cause infection as a means of providing a cure or prophylaxis
  111. vaccine
    a preparation that is used to activate an immune response to provide acquired immunity against an infectious agent
  112. angio
    blood vessel
  113. corono
    crown or circle, heart
  114. pectoro
  115. valvulo
    little valve
  116. vaso
  117. vasculo
    little vessel
  118. veno
  119. ventriculo
    little belly, ventricle
  120. steno
  121. angina pectoris
    the primary symptom of an insufficient blood supply to the heart
  122. angiospasm
    abnormal spasms of the blood vessels
  123. angiostenosis
    narrowing of a blood vessel causing a reduction of blood flow
  124. arrhythmia
    a loss of the normal rhythm of the heart
  125. bradycardia
    abnormally slow heart rate, under 60 beats per minute
  126. cardiodynia
    chest pain
  127. cardiogenic
    refers to a symptom that originated from the heart
  128. cardioplegia
    a sign in which the heart has become paralized
  129. palpitation
    a symptom of pounding, racing or skipping of the heartbeat
  130. tachycardia
    a rapid heartbeat, over 100 beats per minute
  131. artherio
  132. atrio
  133. ischo
    hold back
  134. phlebo
  135. tenso
  136. thrombo
  137. varico
    dilated vein
  138. aneurysm
    an abnormal bulging of an arterial wall
  139. angiocarditis
    inflammation of the heart and blood vessels
  140. angioma
    a tumor arising from a blood vessel
  141. aortic insufficiency
    failure of the aortic valve to close completely during ventricular diastole, allowing blood to return to the left ventricle, causing it to work harder
  142. aortic stenosis
    narrowing of the aorta that reduces the flow of blood through this large vessel
  143. aortitis
    inflammation of the aorta
  144. arteriopathy
    disease of the artery
  145. arteriosclerosis
    artery wall becomes thick and loses elasticity
  146. atherosclerosis
    arteriosclerosis in which fatty plaques form along the inner walls of the arteries
  147. atrial septal defect
    failure of the foramen ovale to close at birth producing an opening int he septum that separates the right and left atria
  148. atriomegaly
    abnormally enlarged or dilated atria
  149. atrioventricular block
    an injury to the atrioventricular node(AV node)
  150. cardiac arrest
    the cessation of heart activity
  151. cardiac tamponade
    acute compression of the heart due to accumulation of fluid within the pericardial cavity
  152. cardiomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the heart
  153. cardiomyopathy
    general term for a disease of the myocardium of the heart
  154. cardiovalvulitis
    inflammation of the valves of the heart
  155. coarctation of the aorta
    reduced systemic circulation of blood and accumulation of fluid in the lungs
  156. congesive heart failure
    chronic form of heart disease characterized by the failure of the left ventricle to pump enough blood to supply the systemic tissue
  157. cor pulmonale
    a chronic enlargement of the right ventricle resulting from congestion of the pulmonary circulation
  158. coronary artery disease
    a general term for a disease that afflicts the coronary arteries supplying the heart
  159. coronary occlusion
    a blockage within a coronary artery resulting in reduced blood flow to an area of the heart muscle
  160. embolism
    a blockage or occlusion that forms when a blood clot or other foreign particle moves through the circulation
  161. endocarditis
    inflammation of the endocardium
  162. fibrillation
    a condition of uncoordinated rapid contractions of the muscle forming the ventricles of atria
  163. heart block
    a block or delay of the normal electrical conduction of the heart
  164. heart murmur
    an abnormal soft, gurgling or blowing sound heard during auscultation of the heart
  165. hemorrhoids
    the presence of dilated or varicose veins in the anal region
  166. hypertension
    persistently high blood pressure
  167. hypotention
    abnormally low blood pressure
  168. ischemia
    an abnormally low flow of blood to tissues
  169. myocardial infarction
    death of a portion of the myocarium
  170. myocarditis
    inflammation of the myocardium of the heart
  171. patent ductus arteriosus
    an opening between the pulmonary artery and the aorta at birth due to a failure of the fetal vessel to close
  172. pericarditis
    inflammation of the pericardium
  173. phlebitis
    inflammation of a vein
  174. thrombophlebitis
    inflammation of a vein including an obstruction by a blood clot
  175. polyarteritis
    simultaneous inflammation of many arteries
  176. septicemia
    a bacterial infection of the bloodstream
  177. tetralogy of Fallot
    • a severe congenital disease in which four defects associated with the heart are present at birth
    • pulminary stenosis
    • venticular septal defect
    • incorrect position of the aorta
    • right ventricular hypertrophy
  178. thrombosis
    the presence of stationary blood clots within one or more blood vessels
  179. varicosis
    an abnormally dilated vein
  180. ventricular septal defect
    a congenital disease in which an opening in the septum separating the right and left ventricles is present at birth
  181. angiography
    a doagnostic procedure that includes x ray photography mri or ct scan images of the blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium
  182. angioplasty
    surgical repair of a blood vessel
  183. angioscopy
    the use of a flexible fiber optic instrument or endoscope to observe a diseased blood  vessel and to asses any lesions
  184. angiostomy
    surgically creating an opening in a blood vessel usually for insertion of a catheter
  185. angiotomy
    the surgical incision into a blood vessel
  186. aortography
    a procedure that obtains an xray mri or ct scan image of the aorta
  187. arteriography
    a procedure that obtains the image of an artery
  188. arteriotomy
    an incision into an artery
  189. auscultation
    a part of a physical exam that involves listening to internal sounds using a stethoscope
  190. cardiac catheterization
    insertion of a narrow flexible tube called a catheter through a blood vessel leading into the heart
  191. cardiac pacemaker
    a battery powered device that is implanted under the skin and wired to the wall of the heart and produces timed electric pulses that replace the function of the SA nodes as a treatment for a heart block and certain other arrhythmias
  192. cardiopulmonary resuscitation
    an emergency procedure that is used to restore breathing by applying a combination of chest compression and artificial ventilation at intervals CPR
  193. coronary artery bypass graft
    surgical procedure that involves removing a blood vessel from another part of the body and inserting it into the coronary circultion
  194. coronary stent
    an artificial metallic scaffold that is used to anchor a surgical implant or graft that is implanted into a coronary artery
  195. defibrillation
    procedure in which an electric charge is applied to the chest wall to stop the heart momentarily then restart it with a more normal heart rhythm
  196. Doppler sonography
    an ultrasound procedure that evaluated blood flow through a blood vessel
  197. echocardiography
    an ultra sound procedure that directs sound waves through the heart to observe heart structures in an effort to evaluate heart function
  198. electrocardiography
    electrodes are pasted to the skin of the chest to detect and record the electrical events of the heart conduction system
  199. embolectormy
    the surgical removal of a floating blood clot or embolus
  200. endarterectomy
    the surgical removal of the inner lining of an artery the remove a fatty plaque
  201. Holter monitor
    a portable electrocardiograph worn by patients to monitor electrical activity of the heart over a 24 hour period
  202. nitroglycerin
    a drug that is commonly used as an emergency vasodilator as a treatment for severe angina pectoris or myocardial infarction
  203. phlebetomy
    the surgical removal of a vein
  204. phlebotomy
    a puncture into a vein to remove blood
  205. positron emission tomography scan
    a noninvasive procedure that provides blood flow images using positron emission tomography(PET) techniques combined with radioactive isotope labeling
  206. sphygmomanometry
    procedure that measures arterial blood pressure
  207. thrombolytic therapy
    treatments to dissolve unwanted blood clots
  208. treadmill stress test
    undergoing exercise during echocardiograph or electrocardiograph in an effort to examine heart function under stress
  209. valvuloplasty
    the surgical repair of a heart valve
  210. alveolo
    air sac, alveolus
  211. broncho
    airway, bronchus
  212. laryngo
    voice box
  213. lobo
    a rounded part, lobe
  214. naso
  215. pharyngo
    throat, pharynx
  216. phragmato
  217. pleuro
  218. pneumono
    air, lung
  219. pulmono
  220. capnia
    condition of carbon dioxide
  221. oxia
    condition of oxygen
  222. phonia
    condition of sound or voice
  223. pnea
  224. ptysis
    to cough up
  225. staxis
  226. acapnia
    the absents of carbon dioxide
  227. anoxia
    the absence of oxygen
  228. aphonia
    the absence of voice
  229. apnea
    a longer than normal pause between breaths
  230. bradypnea
    abnormal slowing of the breath
  231. bronchospasm
    a narrowing of the airway caused by the contraction of smooth muscles in the walls of the bronchioles within the lungs
  232. cheyne-stokes repiration
    repeated pattern of distressed breathing marked by a gradual increase of deep breathing followed by shallow breathing and apnea
  233. dysphonia
    a hoarse voice
  234. dyspnea
    difficult breathing usually caused by respiratory disease or cardiac disorder
  235. epistaxis
    a nosebleed
  236. hemoptysis
    the symptom of coughing up and spitting out blood
  237. hemothorax
    pooling of blood within the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs
  238. hypercapnia
    excessive levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
  239. hyperpnea
    abnormally deep breathing or high rate of breathing
  240. hypopnea
    abnormally shallow breathing
  241. hypoventilation
    a reduced breathing rhythm that fails to meet the body's gas exchange demands
  242. hypoxemia
    abnormally low levels of oxygen in the blood
  243. laryngospasm
    the closure of the glottis due to muscular contractions of the throat
  244. orthopnea
    the limited ability to breathe when lying down and becomes relieved when sitting upright
  245. paroxysm
    a sudden onset of symptomatic sharp pain or a convulsion
  246. sputum
    the symptom of matter coughed out from the lungs
  247. tachypnea
    rapid breathing
  248. thoracalgia
    chest pain
  249. atelo
  250. coccidioido
    coccidioides immitis (a fungus)
  251. conio
  252. cysto
    bladder, sac
  253. embol
  254. glotto
    opening in the windpipe
  255. pyo
  256. sphyxo
  257. tonsillo
  258. tuberculo
    little swelling
  259. -ectasis
    expansion, dilation
  260. asphyxia
    the absence of respiratory ventilation; suffocation
  261. asthma
    widespread narrowing of the bronchioles and formation of mucus plugs
  262. atelectasis
    alveoli collapse preventing air from entering
  263. bronchiectasis
    chronic abnormal dilation of the bronchi
  264. bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  265. bronchogenic carcinoma
    an aggressive form of cancer arising from the cells withing the bronchi
  266. bronchopneumonia
     lobar pneumonis
    an acute inflammatory disease involving the bronchioles and the aveoli
  267. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
    when the two conditions, chronic bronchitis and emphysema appear simultaneously
  268. coccidioidomycosis
    a fungal infection of the upper respiratory tract which often spreads to the lungs and other organs
  269. coryza
    a virus that affects the upper respiratory tract causing local inflammation.  causes the common cold
  270. croup
    cough resulting from the swelling of the larynx in response to viral infection
  271. cystic fibrosis
    a severe hereditary disease that is characterized by excess mucus production in the respiratory tract digestive tract and elsewhere
  272. emphysema
    chronic lung disease characterized by the symptoms of dyspnea, a chronic cough, formation of a barrel chest due to labored breathing, and a gradual deterioration caused by chronic hypoxemia and hypercapnia
  273. epiglottitis
    inflammation of the epiglottis
  274. laryngitis
    inflammation of the larynx
  275. legionellosis
    a form od pneumonia caused by the bacterium legionella pneumophila
  276. adenocarcinoma of the lung
    lung cancer
  277. nasopharyngitis
    inflammation of the nose and pharynx
  278. pertussis
    an acute infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the trachea larynx and brochi
  279. pharyngitis
    inflammation of the pharynx
  280. pleural effusion
    fluid leaks into the pleural cavity
  281. pleuritis
    inflammation of the plural membranes
  282. pneumoconiosis
    inflammation of the lungs when caused by chronic inhalation of fine particles
  283. pneumonia
    inflammation of soft lung tissue that results in the formation of an exudate within alveoli
  284. pneumonitis
    an inflammatory condition of the lungs that is independent of a particular cause
  285. pneumothorax
    the abnormal presence of air or gas withing the pleural cavity
  286. pulmonary edema
    the accumulation of fluid within the alveoli
  287. pulmonary embolism
    a blockage in the pulmonary circulation by a blood clot
  288. pyothorax
    the presence of pus in the pleural cavity
  289. respiratory distress syndrome
    rapid respiratory failure
  290. rhititis
    inflammation of the mucosous membrane lining the nasal cavity
  291. severe acute respiratory syndrome
    a severe rapid onset viral infection resulting in respiratory distress that includes acute lung inflammation alveolar damage and atelectasis. SARS
  292. sinusitis
    inflammation of the mucous membrane
  293. tonsillitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  294. tracheitis
    inflammation of the trachea
  295. tracheostenosis
    narrowing of the trachea
  296. tuberculosis
    infection of the lungs by the bacterium mycobacterium tuberculosis
  297. upper respiratory infection
    a general infection of the upper respiratory tract
  298. acid fast bacilli smear
    a clinical test performed on sputum to identify the presence of bacteria. AFB
  299. adenoidectomy
    the surgical removal of a pharyngeal tonsil
  300. antihistamine
    a therapeutic drug that inhibits the effects of histamines
  301. arterial blood gases
    a clinical test on an artificial blood to identify the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide
  302. aspiration
    the removal of fluid, air or foreign bodies with suction
  303. ausculation
    a procedure that involves listening to sounds withing the body as part of a physical exam
  304. bronchodilation
    a procedure that uses a bronchodilating agent to relax the smooth muscles of he airways in an effort to breathe easier
  305. bronchography
    the xray image of the bronchi
  306. bronchoscopy
    the evaluation of he bronchi using a flexible fiber optic tube mounted with a small lens at one end and attached to an eyepiece and computer monitor at the other end
  307. chest ct scan
    diagnostiv imaging of the chest by a computed tomography instument
  308. chest x ray
    an x ray image of the thoracic cavity that is used to diagnose tuberculosis , tumors, and other conditions
  309. CPAP
    continuous positive airway pressure. a device that is used to regulate breathing during sleep as treatment for sleep apnea
  310. otolaryngologist
    Ear nose and throat specialist
  311. endotracheal intubation
    insertion of a non collapsible breathing tube into the trachea through the nose or mouth
  312. expectorant
    a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes the coughing reflex to expel the mucus
  313. incentive spirometry
    a valuable postoperative breathing therapy
  314. laryngectomy
    surgical removal of the larynx
  315. laryngoscopy
    visually examining the larynx with a laryngoscope
  316. laryngotracheotomy
    a surgical incision into the larynx and trachea
  317. lobectomy
    surgical removal of a single lobe of a lung
  318. mechanical ventilation
    a medical treatment to provide supplemental oxygen to patients in respiratory distress
  319. nebulizer
    a device used to convert a liquid medication to a mist and deliver it to the lungs with the aid a deep inhalation
  320. oximetry
    a procedure that measures oxygen levels in the blood using an oximeter
  321. pulse oximeter
    a small handheld oximeter that provides a digital readout of oxygen levels by noninvasive physical contact with a finger
  322. pleurocentesis
    the surgical puncture and aspiration of fluid from the plueral cavity
  323. pneumonectomy
    surgical removal of a lung
  324. pulmonary angiography
    a diagnostic procedure that evaluates the blood circulation of the lungs
  325. pulmonary function tests
    a series of diagnostic tests performed to determine the cause of lung disease by evaluation lung capacity through the use of spirometry
  326. pulmomologist
    a physician specializing in the treatment of diseases affecting the lower respiratory tract,
  327. resuscitation
    an emergency procedure that is used to resore breathing
  328. rhinoplasty
    surgical repair of the nose
  329. TB skin test
    skin test too determine the presence of a tuberculosis infection
  330. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture using a needle or syringe into the thoracic cavity to aspirate pleural fluid for diagnosis
  331. thoracostomy
    surgical puncture into the chest cavity usually for insertion of a drainage or air tube
  332. thoractomy
    surgical incision into the chest wall
  333. tracheoplasty
    surgical repair of the trachea
  334. tracheostomy
    surgical creation of an opening into the trachea usually for the insertion of a breathing tube
  335. tracheotomy
    surgical incision into the trachae
  336. ventilation-perfusion scanning
    a diagnostic tool that uses nuclear medicine or the use of radioactive material to evaluate pulmonary function