Chem Chap 5 pt.1

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Chem Chap 5 pt.1
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2013-10-06 15:31:53
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Chem Chap 5 PT. 1
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  1. What is Nomenclature?
    Systematic name of compounds 

    IUPAC- International Union Pure Applied Chemistry
  2. What are the atomic elements?
    • All metal 
    • Noble gas
  3. What are Molecular elements?
    • Hydrogen  H2
    • Nitrogen   N2
    • Oxygen    O2
    • Fluorine    F2
    • Chlorine    Cl2
    • Bromine    Br2
    • Iodine       I2
    • Phosphorus   P4
    • Sulfur          S8
  4. What are ionic compounds?
    (cation) + (anion) 

    (positive ion) + (negative ion)

    (metal lose) + (non metal gain)

    ex... Sodium chloride (Na1+Cl)

    • Calcium Iodine
    • CaI2
  5. What are molecular compounds?
    Do NOT have ions

    Non metal + non metal

    ex.... water H20

    Carbon dioxide CO2
  6. What is formula unit?
    simple collection of ions whose total (net) charge is zero

    (cation) + (anion)

    (+ ion) + (-ion)

    (metal ion) + (negative ion)

    (metal) + (non metal)
  7. What are the fixed charges for the main group elements?
    • IA-1+
    • IIA-2+
    • IIIA-3+
    • IVA-?
    • VA-3-
    • VI-2-
    • VII-1-
    • VIII-0

    Noble Gas Rule
  8. How to name Formulas (formula units) of an ionic compound?
    • Magnesium+Nitrogen       Mg3N2
    • Calcium+Oxygen             CaO  
    • Aluminum+Phosphorus     AlP
    • Potassium+Bromine         KBr
    • Barium+Chlorine              BaCl2
    • Lithium+Sulfur                Li2S
  9. What is the name of the cation?
    What is the name of the anion?
    Cation-is the same name as the metal

    Anion
    - derived from base name of non metal with an ending 'ide'
  10. Name the following with the anion formula and anion:
    Hydrogen
    Nitrogen
    Phosphorus
    Arsenic
    Oxygen
    Sulfur
    Selenium
    Flourine
    Chlorine
    Bromine
    Iodine
    • FORMULA                      NAME OF ANION
    • H1+                             Hydride
    • N3-                              Nitride
    • P3-                              Phosphoride
    • AS3-                            Arsenide
    • O2-                             Oxide
    • S2-                              Sulfide
    • Se2-                            Selenide
    • F1-                              Flouride
    • Cl1-                             Chloride
    • Br1-                             Bromide
    • I1-                              Iodide
  11. What is Type I metal and what are they?
    Type I metals are metals with a fixed charge (one and only charge)

    • GrIA (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs) 1+
    • GrIIA (Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba)2+
    • GrIIIA (Al, Ga, In, Ti)3+
    • IB Ag 1+
    • IIB Zn2+
  12. Name the following: 
    Name of Cation + Name of Anion end with 'ide'

    K3N
    AlCl3
    Ca3P2
    KCl
    ZnO
    • Potassium Nitride
    • Aluminum Chloride
    • Calcium Phosphoride
    • Potassium Chloride
    • Zinc Oxide
  13. Write Type I metals in formula
    Silver Oxide
    Calcium Fluoride
    Zinc Nitride
    Sodium Sulfide
    Aluminum Oxide
    • Ag2O
    • CaF2
    • Zn3N2
    • Na2S
    • Al2O3
  14. What are type II metals? Charges?
    Type II metals are metals with no fixed charges

    • Fe, Co, Cr (2+; 3+)
    • Cu, Hg  (1+; 2+)
    • Sn, Pb  (2+; 4+)
    • Au (1+; 3+)
  15. How to name type  11 metals with anions?
    Name of metal [ Roman # indicating charge ion metal] + Name of anion ending with an 'ide'
  16. Name the following Type II metals:
    FeO
    Fe2O3

    SnO2
    SnO
    • Iron [II] oxide
    • Iron [III] oxide

    • Tin[IV] oxide 
    • Tin[II] oxide
  17. How to name Type II metal ions as a  common names (old names)
    Lower charge on Type II metal ions names end with 'ous'

    Higher charge, name end with 'ic'
  18. Name the following Type II metals with their common name:

    Fe2+
    Fe3+ 
    Co2+
    Co3+
    Cr2+
    Cr3+
    Cu1+
    Cu2+
    Hg1+
    Hg2+
    Sn2+
    Sn4+
    Pb2+
    Pb4+
    Au1+
    Au3+
    • Ferrous
    • Ferric
    • Colbatous
    • Colbatic
    • Chromous
    • Chromic
    • Cuprous
    • Cupric
    • Stannous
    • Stannic
    • Mercurous
    • Mercuric
    • Plumbous
    • Plumbic
    • Aurous
    • Auric
  19. Name the following: IUPAC and Common name
    CuO
    Cu2O
    PbS2
    CrCl2
    Cu3N
    • IUPAC
    • Copper [II] Oxide
    • Copper [I] Oxide
    • Lead [IV] Sulfide
    • Chromiun [II] Chloride
    • Copper [I] Nitride

    • Common Name
    • Cupric Oxide
    • Cuprous Oxide
    • Plumbic Sulfide
    • Chromous Chloride
    • Cuprous Nitride

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