Politics and government mid term 2013 fall
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Article I section 8 clause 18 is
elastic clause - gives congress the power to do whatever they want
the struggle over power or influence within organizations or informal groups that can grant or withhold benefits or priveleges.
(you can have politics anywhere where someone can give you something
Preeminent institution within society it has ultimate authority to decide how conflicts will be resolved and how benefits and priveleges will be allocated
peace and security - the state of
greatest freedom of an individual consistent with the fredom of other individuals in society. NOt absolute don't live on earth by yourself
Why government necessary?
revolve around core values of liberty order equality and progress.
To secure the rights of the people that are governed
Where can liberty be limited?
HARM can be used as a legitimate limiting principle. I'm free to do what ever I wish to do unless it involves cause harm to you
Aristotle true forms of government are
- Monarchy (royalty)
- aristocracy (few best)
- constitutional polis (many)
- the focus is outward towards the people; focus on community
Aristotles perverted forms of government?
- Oligarchy (govt by the few)
- Democracy (majority is least perverted form)
focus is inward
What is and what does a Republic do?
takes care of business through representation (bring together a bunch of aristocrats who listened to the voice of the people and serve as filter of this voice)
We limit these people with a constitution that has separte of powers and checks and balances
Democracy in U.S.?
what we have is not a true democracy (ruled by the people) hard to have everyone participate
What government do we have in the U.S.?
Notion that all power rests with the people being governed is?
- Popular Sovereignty
- Governments derive their just powers from the consent of the governed
Independent and supreme political power rests within a defined territory?
What is a state?
need a population and a defined territory and be soverign
What are the systems of structuring relationships between state governments and national governments?
Unitary (go from the top down; decisions made from the top)
Confederal - go from the bottom up
Federalism - power that rests in both the national government and state government
What is the constitutional basis for federalism; how do we get federalism out of the constitution?
Enumerated powers: article I section 8 = congress
Implied powers: clause 18 (elastic clause) powers excercised by congress which are not explicitly given by the constitution but are necessary and proper to execute the powers which are.
What unalienable rights does constitution give us (according to Jefferson)
life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
Why is government instituted among men? (according to jefferson)
to protect and secure the unalienable rights we have
What can we do if government does not secure the rights we have?
- our right to alter or abolish it
- "the tree of liberty should be watered from time to time with the blood of patriots
Which branch of government does Article I establish?
The president is established by which article?
Article II (commander and chief of military)
Which article establishes the judiciary branch?
Article III (courts)
What are the three branches of government?
What does the executive branch do?
enforce law; implements the laws made this is the office of the president
What does the legislative branch do?
power to make laws - rules must be obeyed (congress: house, senate)
What does the judicial branch do?
interprets the law - supreme court and any other court congress needs to create. Congress cannot add to the courts jurisdiction
what are enumerated powers?
article I section 8 list of powers of congress
What are implied powers?
powers that congress has that are not specifically listed in the constitution but that they need to use to uphold the other powers that are listed. Elastic clause (18)
Unitary government works how?
decisions are made from the top down
how does confederal government work?
decisions made from the bottom up.
How is federalism structured and work?
Power that rests in both the national and state governments
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