Pathology Signs & Symptoms

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fidelforde
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239046
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Pathology Signs & Symptoms
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2013-10-06 15:15:22
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Pathology Signs & Symptoms
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  1. What best defines pathology?
    A) The Study of microorganisms
    B) The study of structure
    C) The study of atrophy
    D) The study of disease
    D) The study of disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. What best describes osteoporosis?
    A) A breakdown of a tendon's synovial sheath
    B) Poor metabolism of calcium, calcium is pulled off the bone faster than it is replaced
    C) A wearing away of ligaments due to poor nutrition enter
    D) deterioration of tendons due to lack of calcium
    B) Poor metabolism of calcium, calcium is pulled off the bone faster than it is replaced
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. What can cause swelling of the inter-phalangeal joints
    A) Ankylosing spondylitis
    B) both rheumatoid and osteoarthritis
    C) Osteoathristis only
    D) rheumatoid arthritis only
    B) both rheumatoid and osteoarthritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What is lordosis?
    A) lateral curvature
    B) Posterior coverture (humpback)
    C) Anterior coverture (swayback)
    D) subluxation
    C) Anterior coverture (swayback)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. This pathological condition is characterized as an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation in joints and can lead to deformity. What is the name of his condition?
    A) gouhty arthritis
    B) rheumatoid arthritis
    C) osteoporosis
    D) Arthritis
    B) rheumatoid arthritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which condition involves injury to the soft tissue of the neck cause my high velocity flexion and extension?
    A) wryneck
    B) wryneck and torticollis
    C) whiplash
    D) torricollis
    C) whiplash
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. Which disorder is characterized as a chronic pain syndrome and involves a complicated combination of related sleep disorders, tenderness and stiffness, endocrine and new transmitter imbalances and emotional state?
    A) Torticollis
    B) muscular dystrophy
    C) Tenosynovitis
    D) Fibromyalgia
    D) Fibromyalgia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What pathological condition is known as wryneck?
    A) Tenosynovitis
    B) Whiplash
    C) fibromyalgia
    D) Torticollis
    D) Torticollis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which structure is poliomyelitis associated with?
    A) Pia matter
    B) Cerebrum
    C) Sensory neurons
    D) Lower motor neurons
    D) Lower motor neurons

    an infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause temporary or permanent paralysis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Rickets is caused by a deficiency of which of the following?
    A) vitamin C
    B) water
    C) beef
    D) vitamin D
    • D) vitamin D
    • a disease of children caused by vitamin D deficiency, characterized by imperfect calcification, softening, and distortion of the bones typically resulting in bow legs.
  11. Muscle atrophy of the entire arm is most likely caused by which of the following?
    A) Brachial plexus injury
    B) Sacral plexus injury
    C) Dog bite just above styloid process of the radius
    A) Brachial plexus injury
    D) Vitamin D deficiency
  12. Which of the following best describes herpes zoster?
    A) all of the options
    B) a viral infection also known as shingles
    C) a viral infection of sensory neurons
    D) a viral infection caused by the chickenpox virus
    A) all of the options
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following conditions is present when there is ulnar nerve injury that causes an inability to flex the fingers fully?
    A) Flaccidity
    B) Spasticity
    C) Rigidity
    D) Spasm
    • A) Flaccidity
    • Indication of soft, limp, or lacking a firmness
  14. What does Erb's paralysis affect
    A) brachial plexus
    B) Motor neurons
    C) sacral plexus
    D) sensory neurons
    A) brachial plexus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. In Still's decease, what happens?
    A) lung tissue hypertrophy
    B) lung tissue hypotrophy
    C) causes swelling of the nodes and spleen
    D) spleen and lymph nodes enlarge
    • C) causes swelling of the nodes and spleen
    • a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded
  16. Where can impetigo be caused by?
    A) staphylococcus infection
    B) excessive use of tanning oil
    C) not enough sunlight
    D) suntan
    A) staphylococcus infection
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. What are the claw hand example?
    A) Extension
    B) Rigidity
    C) Spastic paralysis
    D) Flaccid paralysis
    C) Spastic paralysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which is a sign of a first Burn?
    A) Reddening of the skin
    B) Destruction of RBC
    C) blisters forms on the skin
    D) Coagulation of the skin
    A) Reddening of the skin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What is the responsible organism that causes individual boils (furuncles)or clusters of boils (Carbuncles)?
    A) Pneumococci
    B) Menigococci
    C) Staphylococci
    D) Streptococci
    C) Staphylococci
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is an infectious skin disease?
    A) Psoriasis
    B) Eczema
    C) Dermatomyosis
    D) Impetigo
    D) Impetigo
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. A person with aphasia has difficultly in doing what?
    A) Hearing
    B) Speech production
    C) Eating
    D) Swallowing
    B) Speech production
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Which of the following is a characteristic of tenosynovitis?
    A) Difficulty moving the affected joint
    B) Swelling
    C) all of the options
    D) Inflammation of the fluid filled sheath that surrounds a tendon
    C) all of the options
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Which is not indication of hyperthyroidism
    A) Irritability
    B) Tremor
    C) Weight Loss
    D) Weight gain
    D) Weight gain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following are associated with carpal tunnel syndrome?
    A) All of the options
    B) Hypertonic forearm flexors
    C) Numbness and/or tingling in digits 1-4
    D) Pain with flexion of wrist
    A) All of the options
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. How are the blister-like skin of herpes zoster distributed over the body?
    A) Following the course of peripheral nerves
    B) None of the options
    C) On the palms of the hands and the soles of feet
    D) Following the course of blood vessels
    A) Following the course of peripheral nerves
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Following activity that generates a lot of sweating, which of the following is most likely the cause of muscle cramps and/or muscle pain?
    A) Loss of potassium
    B) loss of glucose
    C) Loss of calcium
    D) Loss of sodium
    D) Loss of sodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. How would you characterize rheumatoid arthritis?
    A) Joint specific inflammation
    B) Chronic systemic disease
    C) Bilateral joint involvement
    D) elevated white blood cells
    B) Chronic systemic disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Which of the following is a sign or symptom of synovitis?
    A) Inflammation of synovial membrane
    B) Joint is puffy of boggy to the touch
    C) Joint is warm to the touch
    D) All of the options
    D) All of the options
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Your client has sprained his ankle multiple times in the past 15 years. Range of the connective tissue structures in this area has ben increased. Which pathological condition might the client experience?

    A) Multiple mobility
    B) Adhesive capsulitis
    C) Hypermobility
    D) Hypomobility
    C) Hypermobility
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Which of the following describes torticollis?
    A) A pain shortening or spasm of the neck muscles
    B) Extreme inversion of the foot due to hypertonic inverters
    C) Inflammation of the knee
    D) Inflammation of the eye
    A) A pain shortening or spasm of the neck muscles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What is muscle sclerosis a result of?
    A) Irregular dopamine production
    B) Degeneration of myelin sheath
    C) None of the options
    D) Stroke
    • B) Degeneration of myelin sheath
    • disease of the central nervous system
  32. What is the work for the probable progression of a disease?
    A) Procrastination
    B) Diagnosis
    C) Prognosis
    D) Idiopathic
    • C) Prognosis
    • medical opinion as to the likely course and outcome of a disease
  33. Repetitive overuse of which muscle is most likely to be the cause of tennis elbow?
    A) Extensor carpi radialis brevis
    B) Flexor carpi radialis
    C) Triceps
    D) Anconeus
    A) Extensor carpi radialis brevis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Which muscle is directly affected by TMJ dysfunction?
    A) Trapezius
    B) Frontalis
    C) Sternocleidomastoid
    D) Masseter
    D) Masseter
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. Which of the following activities is most certain to aggravate popliteal tendonitis?
    A) Reclining
    B) Running downhill
    C) Swimming
    D) Serving in tennis
    • B) Running downhill
  36. Which of the following are autoimmune disease?
    A) Fibromyalgia and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
    B) Lupus and scleroderma
    C) HIV/AIDS
    D) Osteoarthritis
    B) Lupus and scleroderma

    autoimmune disease: any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. What is disabling temporary muscle condition?
    A) Spasm
    B) Charlie horse
    C) All of the options
    D) Cramp
    C) All of the options
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What is the name for inflammation of a tendon that is caused by trauma, overuse, or inflammation disease?
    A) Bursitis
    B) Tendonitis
    C) Torticollis
    D) Tensynovitis
    B) Tendonitis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. what is the usual location for inflammation and pain when tennis elbow is diagnosis?
    A) At or distal tendon of the origin of wrist extensors
    B) At or distal to the tendon of insertion of wrist extensors
    C) At or distal to the medial epicondyle of the humerus
    D) At or proximal to the medial epicondyle of the humerus
    • A) At or distal tendon of the origin of wrist extensors
  40. Where does a sprain usually occurs?
    A) Body prominence at a joint
    B) Muscle belly
    C) Ligaments
    D) Musculotendinous insertion
    C) Ligaments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What is most likely to be the cause of a sprain ligament distal to the lateral maleolus?
    A) Excessive inversion of the talocrural joint
    B) Excessive eversion of the talocrural joint
    C) Hyperextension of the knee
    D) Hyperextension
    • A) Excessive inversion of the talocrural joint
  42. Which condition can adversely affect the legs in jogging?
    A) Achilles tendonitis
    B) Bone spur on calcaneus
    C) Planter fasciitis
    D) All of the above
    D) All of the above
  43. If a client has torticollis, where on the body are muscles most likely to be hypertonic
    A) Wrist
    B) Sacrum and lumbar spine
    C) Elbow
    D) Neck
    D) Neck
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. A person in early stages of hypothyroidism will most likely require which of the following?
    A) Cool room
    B) Warm room
    C) Loud music
    D) Bright colored sheets
    • B) Warm room
    • hyperthyroidism (the over-production of thyroid hormones) - Above
    • hypothyroidism (the under-production of these hormones) - Below
  45. Which condition is highly contagious and characterized by pustules which become crusted and rupture?
    A) Eczema
    B) Adipose
    C) Psoriasis
    D) Impetigo
    D) Impetigo
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Which chronic inflammation of sebaceous glands caused by bacteria called?
    A) Impetigo
    B) Contusion
    C) Eczema
    D) Acne vulgaris
    D) Acne vulgaris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What is the condition that is characterized by dry or wet lesion that are red itchy and burn?
    A) Psoriasis
    B) Eczema
    C) Keloid scar
    D) 1st degree burn
    B) Eczema
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What is the technical name for a bruise?
    A) None of the option
    B) Contusion
    C) Cerumen
    D) Dermal Scar
    B) Contusion
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which layers of the skin are involved in third degree burn?
    A) Epidermis and dermis
    B) Epidermis dermis and subcutaneous
    C) None of the options
    D) Only epidermis
    B) Epidermis dermis and subcutaneous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. Which of the following is a contagious skin pathology?
    A) Scleroderma
    B) Psoriasis
    C) Mole
    D) Scabies
    D) Scabies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. During a massage your client is sweating excessively, skin is warm and moist, and it appears red and flashed. The client seems agitated and has some edema, and slightly bulging eyes. What it looking petrology maybe symptoms indicate?
    A) Hyperthyroidism
    B) Diabetes
    C) Headache
    D) Cushing disease
    A) Hyperthyroidism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. What is the spreading of a pathogen by particles in the air considered?
    A) Opportunistic invasion
    B) Transmission by ingestion
    C) Transmission by inhalation
    D) Person to person contact
    C) Transmission by inhalation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. What is the inflammation of pleural membrane known as?
    A) Pleurisy
    B) Bronchitis
    C) Hyperpleuralitis
    D) Asthma
    A) Pleurisy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. What does sinusitis indicate?
    A) Inflammation in the lung
    B) Infection in the sinus
    C) Inflammation in the membrane
    Infection in the esophagus
    B) Infection in the sinus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Emphysema results in a individual's decreased ability to exhale. Frequently the accessory reparatory muscles used for inhalation are strained. What would be the reason for emphysema?
    A) The lungs hold residual air, and the chest becomes barrel-shaped so the diaphragm and intercostals are not able to function as effectively?
    B) There is an inability to exhale resulting in a decrease in lung pressure, therefore
    C) Oxygen in the blood increase, and the individual begins to hyper ventilate
    inhibiting the movement of intercostals.
    D) There is an inability in vital capacity and it increases pressure against the diaphragm inhibiting the ability to contract
    A) The lungs hold residual air, and the chest becomes barrel-shaped so the diaphragm and intercostals are not able to function as effectively?
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. What happens in an asthma attack?
    A) The cartilage in the lungs becomes rigid
    B) Muscles on the bronchioles are in spasm making the air passage squeeze shut making breathing difficult
    C) Bacteria attacked the lung
    D) Airways are deprived of calcium which temporarily closes the airways
    B) Muscles on the bronchioles are in spasm making the air passage squeeze shut making breathing difficult
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. What does a strain involve?
    A) Muscle tendons
    B) Ligaments
    C) Articular cartilage
    D) All of the above
    A) Muscle tendons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. What joint structure is worn down in osteoarthritis?
    A) Ligaments
    B) Articular cartilage
    C) Synovial membrane
    D) Bursae
    B) Articular cartilage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. What is the condition is characterized by a loss of bone matrix which makes its own brittle?
    A) Osterarthritis
    B) Arthritis
    C) Osteoporosis
    D) Ostoemalacia
    C) Osteoporosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. WHich part of heel bone has spur formation?
    A) Talus
    B) Calcaneus
    C) Navicular
    D) Scaphoid
    B) Calcaneus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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