sociologists, political scientists, public health officials
when humans began to walk upright how did sexuality change?
•Visual cues increased in importance
•Male genitals and female breasts more visible
–Human male has largest penis of all primates
–Female pelvis rotated forward to allow face-to-face intercourse
–Enhanced female stimulation and orgasm
which ancient civilization emphasized the natural blending of masculine and feminine principles as part of the procreative process?
what best describes the view of women during the Victorian era?
how was homosexuality viewed according to the 19th century medical model of sexuality?
an illness (mental disorder)
the comstock act of 1873
prohibited the mailing of obscene, lewd, lascivious, and indecent writing or advertisements including articles about contraception or abortion
what is one way that Margaret sanger influenced sexuality history?
•“It is none of society’s business what a woman shall do with her body”
–Published birth control literature, violating the Comstock Act
–Public outrage caused the case to be dropped
-Opened birth control clinic that became the Planned Parenthood organization
the comstock act of 1873 did what for us citzens
denied many people sophisticated contraceptive devices or information for 60 years
which theory emphasizes the structure of the personality on the unconscious nature of sexuality
which theorist would most likely say " how one behaves as a man or a women is controlled primarily by our genes"
the influence of law and religion and the impact of economic conditions on sexual behaviors are stressed most by which theory
what is TRUE about Evelyn Hookers researchers?
the first empirical study to challenge the psychiatric view that homosexuality was a mental illness. Her work ultimately led to the removal of homosexuality from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
according to your text who is considered the most influential sex researcher of the 20th century?
what was a finding from masters and johnsons research about womens sexual response?
they can have multiple orgasms
what is a major limitation of the case study method of research?
does not allow researches to generalize to the wider public because the sample is small
in an experiment what variable does the experimenter manipulate?
the independent variable
early sexuality researchers from the 19th century concentrated on the healthy and positive aspects of sexuality: true or false?
sigmund freud believed that our basic personality is formed by events that happen to us in the first____ years of life
in his studies from the 1950s, Kinsey found that they majority of heterosexual couples only had sex in the____ style
according to the onion theory of communication what best describes how we reveal ourselves to others?
We share about ourselves beginning with the least personal.
what factors contribute to communication problems for couples
poor comm skills
inability to self disclose
unwillingness to achknowledge a problem
which type of culture is more likely to express thoughts, feelings, and ideas as directly possible?
low context culture
research finds that couples who communicate with each other about sexuality issues are:
more sexually satisfied
couples who report disagreements in their relationships tend to experience higher levels of satisfaction than couples who:
say that they never fight and do not report or talk about disagreements.
trust in a relationship is highly correlated to level of...
research demonstrates that in the typical elementary school in the U.S
in typical development, if the male contributes a Y chromosome, the child will be
a child with gonads of one sex but ambiguous external genitalia is referred to as a.....
does an androgynous individual has genitals
the collective designation for the external genitalia of the female
the mound of fatty tissue over the female pubic bone, also referred to as mons pubis
gender role are fundamentally innate or learned?
an erectile organ of the female located under the prepuce; an organ of sexual pleasure
the entire region between the labia minora, including the urethra and introitus
the opening of the cervix that allows passage between the vagina and the uterus
the ridge of the glans penis
are egg shaped glands that rest in the scrotum each about 2 inches long and 1 inch in diameter
one of two long tubes that convey the sperm from the testes and in which other fluids are mixed to create semen
the pair of pouchlike structures lying next to the urinary bladder that secrete a component of semen into the ejaculatory ducts
a doughnut-shaped gland that wraps around the urethra as it comes out of the bladder contributing fluid to the semen
one of the pair of glands located under the prostate gland on either side of the urethra that secretes a fluid into the urethra
the behavioral reinforcement theories as they relate to love
•We love because another person reinforces positive feelings in ourselves
•Positive/rewarding feeling in the presence of another makes us like them, even if the reward is unrelated to that person
•Love is a result of many mutually reinforcing activities with a person
the cognitive theories as they relate to love
•A behavior occurs, and then we interpret it as love
•If we think someone likes us, we are more prone to find them attractive
the evolutionary theory as they relate to love
•Humans have 3 basic instincts:
–Need for protection
–Parent protects the child
•We love in order to produce offspring
•Heterosexual men want healthy women to carry offspring
•Heterosexual women want men with resources to care for her and the offspring
the physiological arousal as they relate to love
•Physiological arousal is labeled with an emotion, such as love
•We are more likely to experience love when we are physiologically aroused for any
–Couples who met during a crisis more likely to feel strongly about one another
•Arousal is a necessary component of love, but love is more than arousal alone