Children with Developmental Disabilities

Card Set Information

Author:
dmshaw9
ID:
239104
Filename:
Children with Developmental Disabilities
Updated:
2014-02-13 10:57:55
Tags:
Developmental Disabilities
Folders:
NM1
Description:
NM1
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  1. Possible Prenatal Etiologies
    • Chromosomal (Trisomy, 18Q-)
    • Metabolic (hypothyroidism, Tay Sachs)
    • Congenital (Prader Willi)
    • Teratogenic (drugs, alcohol,injection, radiation)
    • Disorders of gestation (prematurity, LBW)
    • Unknown (microcephaly, hydrocephalus)
  2. Infant Characteristics
    • Hypotonic 
    • Jt hypermobility
    • Poor antigravity postures and movement
    • Delay in motor skills
    • Lack of movement 
    • Discrepancy between motor and other areas
    • Difficulty learning new skills
  3. Childhood Characteristics
    • Clumsy/awkward
    • Difficulty w/ balance/coordination
    • Difficulty learning new skills
    • Self-esteem/socialization issues
    • Seeks out roughhousing 
    • Difficulties of delay w/ GM and/or FM
    • Discrepancies between motor and other areas
    • Attention deficits
  4. Adolescence Characteristics
    • Hypotonia decreases (4-17 years)
    • Strength plateaus
    • Socialization isolation/lack of peers
    • Joint flexibility decreases (5-15 years; LE > UE)
    • Motor control/fitness issues
    • Need to be involved in self-determination
  5. Adulthood Characteristics
    • Self determination (goals)
    • Independent or supported living
    • Finding a job/income
    • Managing medical
    • Managing transport
    • Friends/family/social support
  6. Hypertonia
    • Decreased excitability of basic stretch reflexes
    • Soft muscles on palpation
    • Low resistance to passive stretch
    • Joint hyperflexibility
    • Weak antigravity postures (and general weakness)
  7. Clinical Features of Hypotonia
    • Hypermobility/hyperextensibility
    • Joint instability/malformation
    • Poor postural control/unusual postures
    • Decreased active movement
    • Decreased speed/power/endurance
    • Associated movements/primitive reflex persistence/synkinesia

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