Exam 1: Roman Rhetoric

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Exam 1: Roman Rhetoric
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2013-10-07 10:00:51
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Exam Roman Rhetoric
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Exam 1: Roman Rhetoric (Part 4)
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  1. Rhetorica ad Herennium


    *Study Aid
    • The first major Roman Rhetoric Text.
    • The Rhetorica converts the Greek notion of epideictic speaking into demonstrative speaking.
    • One of the most important contribution of the book was that it made concepts apparently unknown in Rome readily available, particularly ethos, pathos, and logos.
    • Imitatio.
    • The Rhetorica covert Greek theory into Latin, the most important contribution of The Rhetorica is its detailed study of organization. 
    • Develops a sophisticated theory of organization: The Rhetorica develops arrangement into the sections.
  2. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.)

    Divides rhetorical theory into 5 canons:
    • 1. Invention
    • 2. Organization
    • 3. Style
    • 4. Memory
    • 5. Delivery
  3. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Divides rhetorical theory into 5 canons: Invention
    Ethos, pathos, and logos (used to make the speech believable)
  4. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Divides rhetorical theory into 5 canons:
    Organization
    Used to arrange arguments and other elements of speech
  5. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Divides rhetorical theory into 5 canons:
    Style
    Used for the selection of word and construction of sentences appropriate for the speaker, audience, message, and occasion
  6. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Divides rhetorical theory into 5 canons:
    Memory
    To hold ideas in the head
  7. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Divides rhetorical theory into 5 canons: 
    Delivery
    The proper use of voice, gesture, and movement
  8. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Imitatio
    • became an important part of the Roman curriculum and was further developed by Cicero and Quintilian. 
    • -the teaching of eloquence through the reading, hearing, and speaking of paradigmatic models.
  9. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Three kinds of speeches laid out by Aristotle
    • 1. Demonstrative (epideictic)
    • 2. Deliberative
    • 3. Judicial (forensic)
  10. Rhetorica ad Herennium (Cont.):
    Theory of organization:
    • Exordium 
    • Narration 
    • Division 
    • Confirmation
    • Refutation 
    • Conclusion
  11. Theory of organization:
    Exordium
    serves to make hears attentive, receptive, and well-disposed
  12. Theory of organization:
    Narration
    states the case, or tells the story
  13. Theory of organization:
    Division
    state facts stipulated by both sides, enumerates points to be made, and offers a brief preview of what is to come
  14. Theory of organization:
    Confirmation
    establishes the case and is the most important and developed part of most speeches. (Most important to rhetorical theory, mostly forensic speaking)
  15. Theory of organization:
    Refutation
    points out flaws in opponents’ arguments
  16. Theory of organization:
    Conclusion
    sums up, simplifies, and makes a final appeal to emotions
  17. Rhetorical Canon
    • Invention
    • Organization
    • Style
    • Memory
    • Delivery
  18. The Stasis System

    *Study Aid
    • The stasis system establishes a catalogue of  questions any speaker needs to ask to create a speech of defense or prosecution.
    • The stasis system contains five categories of questioning:
    • 1. Questions of Conjecture
    • 2. Questions of Definition
    • 3. Questions of Quality
    • 4. Questions of Jurisdiction
    • 5. Questions of Procedure
  19. Roman Rhetorical Style
    • 3 Styles:
    • Grand- to move
    • Middle- to please
    • Plain- to teach

    • Decorum
    • Ornatus

    (Need to get more detial page 125-130)
  20. Cicero
    • Big on mortality
    • Against Caesar because Caesar stood for the Empire while Cicero tried to save the Republic.
    • Cicero on forensic speaking:
    • invention & judgement; lines of argument; appeal to pity; if you don't do this, you don't get that. (threat)

    • Virtue:
    • closely tied with Rhetoric
    • Emphasis on public image
    • Auctioritas
    • Gravitas
    • Judgment is the ultimate quality of a good man
    • Oratio: moral authority of the speech
    • Two ways fo developing speech: Good judgement and ethical standards
    • (Good man -> judge of character, Rhetoric can fall into the wrong hands)
  21. Greek & Roman
    • Greek: Sophist
    • Roman: Law

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