Exam 1: Medieval & Renaissance Rhetoric

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  1. Rhetoric in Medieval Times
    • Hierarchy (Control) (somebody in power talking to people with no power in written rhetoric)
    • Oral ->¬†written
    • -There was a change of government. Political people had little power therefore there was no need for political speeches anymore.
    • The rhetorical appeals
    • -less logos -> more pathos
    • -ethos takes a different turn in written word
    • Decline in Rhetoric
    • -Thomas Aquinas believed that invention and crafting your own work isn't important but understanding God's argument/work is.
  2. Rhetoric and Religion
    • Civic -> Religious (Preaching)
    • Hermeneutics
    • The problem of pagan Aristotle
    • -Greek=Pagan, Romans wanted to detach themselves completely
    • Rhetoric, by any other name..
  3. Ars Dictaminis
    • Conventions & etiquette
    • -important in letter writing
    • Influence of the pope
    • -the pope began writing more epistles to the people which heavily influenced writing
    • Emphasis of practice & application
    • -there is no great grand theory
    • Categorized styles
    • -Important to know characteristics of who you're writing to--your peer, superior, inferior
    • -playing into hierarchical structure
    • Hugh of Bologna
    • -Slow shift from moving from written to oral
  4. Renaissance Rhetoric
    What was "born" and what was "reborn"?

    • Idea of connecting periods and cultures with periods and cultures of rhetoric
    • Renaissance is a period of time of working and learning in your vernacular language which is a language that’s not Latin. If you're in England, it's revolutionary to be studying English. Which changes the idea of rhetoric from being about arguments to just the nature of language.
  5. Renaissance Thinkers
    • Petrarch
    • Machiavelli
    • Dante
  6. Renaissance Thinkers:
    • Petrarch: You take some, you leave some.
    • Wore leaves on his head -> hat ¬†:)Father of humanism
    • Poet, writer
    • Petrarch resisted the medieval change in rhetoric saying "take the good and leave the bad. there are still things to be learned from the evil pagans."
  7. Renaissance Thinkers:
    • Machiavelli: Appearance is everything
    • as a speaker you need to move the audience and figure out the context
    • you must address the audience as you want them to be/feel
    • ex: "Treat them like they're already angry at the cause."
    • Manipulating the audience into thinking they feel that way. Believed rhetoric plays a large role in obtaining and retaining power rather than seeking perfection. Also believed rhetoric and ethics are separated famously claiming “the ends justify the means”.
    • Divided Virtues into Two Categories:
    • Primary Virtues: Intangible
    • Secondary Virtues: Tangible
  8. Renaissance Thinkers:
    • Dante: believed in a Christian version of Plato's noumenal world
    • there are divine truths inside you inspired by god that you must seek out
    • he saw language as a problem -> an insufficient way of expressing divine truth from inside
    • language evolves and does not remain stagnant
    • believed we learned through imitation ->innately human to imitate to learn -> we model our life after Adam and Eve
  9. Ramus
    • :(
    • Dichotomies (bad rap in the school system)nothing ever crossed paths, everything should have it's own path
    • forcing rhetoric to not have substance but being a shell of what is different
    • Catholicism -> Protestantism he has a lot of charts and graphs (about separation) which is why his system became popular because it was simple to teach
    • reduced rhetoric to style and delivery alone -> not much at all of this is happening today
    • Martyr for the cause"
    • Mere" rhetoric
  10. Rhetoric & Religion 2.0
    • Martin Luther
    • John Calvin
    • Danger in debate
    • Religion, Rhetoric, and the State
  11. Rhetoric & Religion 2.0:
    Martin Luther
    • Rhetoric
    • Vernacular
    • Sermons
    • he was a fan of rhetoric -> it's important to be able to communicate to people through writing since they need to be able to read the bible
    • elevated rhetoric to be embraced in a Christian setting
  12. Rhetoric &Religion 2.0:
    John Calvin
    • Spiritual power v. rhetorical power
    • he said no to rhetoric -> thought rhetorical power was evil and false
    • If you're only able to sway people through rhetoric it's not true Linked rhetoric to paganism
  13. Danger in debate
    • lots of reformations and violence in Europe at the time
    • lots of religious stuff was argued publicly
Card Set:
Exam 1: Medieval & Renaissance Rhetoric
2013-10-07 17:08:53
Medieval Renaissance Rhetoric

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