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notebook notes
2013-10-06 23:41:43

lifespan notebooks notes
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  1. his ideas of development were learning to coordinate senses with actions. the sensorymotor development
    Jean Piaget
  2. 1st stage of Piagets sensory motor development
    • -happens within first month
    • -simple reflexes such as rooting and sucking begin
    • -is a closed system (internally focused)
  3. 2nd stage of Piagets sensory motor development
    • -occurs in the first 1-4 months
    • -first habits
    • -starts to notice own body by accident, good feelings are repeated
  4. 3rd stage of Piagets sensory motor development
    • -secondary reactions begin at around 4-8 months
    • -starting to notice external objects 
    • -starts to focus on people outside themselves and primary caregiver 
    • -believes this is where imitation begins
  5. 4th stage of Piagets sensory motor development
    • -8-12 months 
    • -coordination of secondary reactions
    • -baby develops intentionality
  6. 5th stage of Piagets sensory motor development
    • -novelty and curiosity- 12-18 months
    • -focuses on properties of objects and toyzs and what they can do to the objects
    • -beginning of curiosity
  7. 6th stage of Piagets sensory motor development
    • -18-24 months 
    • -internalization
    • -baby begins to cognitively represent objects 
    • -can begin using primitive symbols
  8. criticisms of Piaget
    • -small and biased research sample 
    • -infant thinking begins earlier then Piaget thought 
    • -memory occurs earlier then Piaget thought
    •        -as early as 3 months 
    • -imitation occurs earlier then Piaget thought
    •        -newborns can imitate faces
  9. Infant intelligence is not very ____ in terms of predicting later childhood intelligence
  10. in terms of predicting a child's intelligence ability to ____ and ____ are a better predictor
    focus, and pay attention
  11. The purpose of the scale is to measure the development of infants and young children.
    Gessel's Developmental Quotient
  12. a standard series of measurements originally developed by psychologist Nancy Bayley used primarily to assess the motor (fine and gross), language (receptive and expressive), and cognitive development of infants and toddlers, ages 0-3
    Baylay Scales of Infant Development
  13. purports to index infant intelligence by assessing infants' information processing capacities
    Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence
  14. a decrease in response to a stimulus after repeated presentations
  15. way of responding to old stimuli as it if were new
  16. universally, children reach language milestones at around the ___ ____ and in the ___ _____. this is the best evidence for biological predisposition of language
    same time; same order.
  17. crying, cooing, babbling, gestures, and first words are milestones within which time frame
    8-12 months
  18. average amount of words a kid knows @ 1 year
    5 words
  19. children begin to use two word combos at around
    18-24 months
  20. @ 2 years old the average amount of words is about
    200 words
  21. this man thought we are all biologically pre wired to learn language. coined the learning acquisition device
  22. critical period to learning language is between. the most important times are the preschool years. still relevant
    18 months to puberty.
  23. _____ appears at birth and is _____ influenced
    temperament; genetically
  24. level of emotional intensity and reactivity
  25. first to study temperament
    Chess, Thomas
  26. on average 40% of babies fall into the ____ temperament category
  27. predictable, adapts easily tochanges, calmer, good mood, cheerful, content
    easy temperament
  28. 10% of behbehs. cry often, unpredictable, more challenging to soothe, tougher to get on schedule, dont adapt easily
    difficult temperament
  29. 15% of behbehs. low activity level, low mood intensity, low adaptability.
    slow to warm up temperament
  30. 72% of people had same style from infancy to adulthood assuming no attachment related event occurred, or divorce
    attachment theory (must know more)