Information Systems 2a Systems Programs
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Systems programs manage the _______ _______ and provide services that improve the
_______ of individuals using the computer.
- computer's resources
List three major functions of systems programs.
- They give the computer (hardware) intelligence.
- They are an intermediary or interpreter between the people and the computer as well as between application programs and the computer.
- They determine how easy a computer is to use.
Systems programs give the computer _______.
Systems programs are an _________ or interpreter between the ______ and the _______.
Systems programs determine _____ _____ a computer is to use.
List 5 types of Systems Programs.
- Operating Systems
- Device Drivers
- Utility Programs
- Language Translators
- Network Operating Systems
the part of multi processing involving one CPU and one or more co processors.
The part of Multi Processing that involves several CPUs sharing the same tasks and main memory.
Task Management is managing operations such as _____, ______, _______, etc.
File Management provides _____ ______ services to programs during processing.Also maintains ______ of stored data.
CPU Management (the supervisor) places _____ and _____ into _____ ______ and decides which programs will be _______.Also manages _____ ______.
- main memory
- main memory
User Interface is a user controllable ______ ______ that allows you to ______ with the computer.
Booting is the process of _____ an operating systems into _____ ______.
List the 5 things that Operating Systems do.
- User Interface
- CPU Management
- File Management
- Task Management
Multi-Processing (CPU management) includes
_______ processing and _________ processing. Provides ________
processing of one or more programs using multiple ______ or _____.
Multi-Tasking (CPU Management) means the operating system can _______ more than one ________ concurrently.
Context Switching (User Interface) is when the user can switch back and forth between several different ______ in _____ _____.
Multi-User - executing different _______ programs _________.
GUI (graphical user interface)
ability to handle graphics
Portable - is the ability of an operating system to be used by different ________ or _______ of computers.
Platform is based on a particular computer ______ and it's ______ ______.
Application software OR Information Systems that were designed for one _____ will not run on another ________.
Emulation Software allows _______ designed for one ________ to run on another.
DEVICE DRIVERS are systems software that allow _______ and _______ devices to communicate with the rest of the _______ _____.
- computer system
PLUG and PLAY is the ability of a computer systems (_______ and _______ ________) to automatically configure a _______ component that is added to it.
- operating system
Utilities are systems programs that provide commonly needed services to the _____ _____.
What are the two versions of every program?
- source - used by programmers
- object - used and executed by operating system
There are ____ versions of every program.
Network Operating Systems (NOS) manage and control the _______ resources of a group of computers connected by a ______.
______ is the most portable operating system.
_______ is a free version of UNIX which is open source.
Program Translation turns high level _______ language into ______ language.
Machine Language are _______ machine _______ that interpret strings of _____ and ______.
Source Code is ______ level programming ________ that looks like English type statements.
Operating systems only understand _______ language.
Object Code is the ________ language version of a ______.
Compilers are _______ programs that _______ or convert source code into ______ code so the operating system can execute it.
Interpreters are similar to compilers, except they translate and execute each _____ one at a time, before going on to the next _____ _____.
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