Information Systems 2a Systems Programs

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randycapped
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239146
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Information Systems 2a Systems Programs
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2013-10-07 01:36:31
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Computer Information Systems
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Notes for Test 2 in Computer Information Systems
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  1. Systems programs manage the _______ _______ and provide services that improve the
    _______ of individuals using the computer.
    • computer's resources
    • productivity
  2. List three major functions of systems programs.
    • They give the computer  (hardware) intelligence.
    • They are an intermediary or interpreter between the people and the computer as well as between application programs and the computer.
    • They determine how easy a computer is to use.
  3. Systems programs give the computer _______.
    intelligence
  4. Systems programs are an _________ or interpreter between the ______ and the _______.
    • intermediary
    • people
    • computer
  5. Systems programs determine _____ _____ a computer is to use.
    how easy
  6. List 5 types of Systems Programs.
    • Operating Systems
    • Device Drivers
    • Utility Programs
    • Language Translators
    • Network Operating Systems
  7. Co-processing
    the part of multi processing involving one CPU and one or more co processors.
  8. Parallel Processing
    The part of Multi Processing that involves several CPUs sharing the same tasks and main memory.
  9. Task Management is managing operations such as _____, ______, _______, etc.
    • storing
    • printing
    • calculating
  10. File Management provides _____ ______ services to programs during processing.Also maintains ______ of stored data.
    • data
    • access
    • catalogs
  11. CPU Management (the supervisor) places _____ and  _____ into _____ ______ and decides which programs will be _______.Also manages _____ ______.
    • programs
    • data
    • main memory
    • executed
    • main memory
  12. User Interface is a user controllable ______ ______  that allows you to ______  with the computer.
    • display screen
    • interface
  13. Booting is the process of _____ an operating systems into _____ ______.
    • loading
    • main memory
  14. List the 5 things that Operating Systems do.
    • Booting
    • User Interface
    • CPU Management
    • File Management
    • Task Management
  15. Multi-Processing (CPU management) includes
    _______ processing and _________ processing. Provides ________
    processing of one or more programs using multiple ______ or _____.
    • CO
    • Parallel
    • simultaneous
    • computers
    • CPUs
  16. Multi-Tasking (CPU Management) means the operating system can _______ more than one ________ concurrently.
    • execute
    • program
  17. Context Switching (User Interface) is when the user can switch back and forth between several different ______ in _____ _____.
    • programs
    • main memory
  18. Multi-User - executing different _______ programs _________.
    • users
    • concurrently
  19. GUI (graphical user interface)
    ability to handle graphics
  20. Portable - is the ability of an operating system to be used by different ________ or  _______ of computers.
    • manufacturers
    • types
  21. Platform is based on a particular computer ______ and it's ______ ______.
    • category
    • operating system
  22. Application software OR Information Systems that were designed for one _____ will not run on another ________.
    • platform
    • platform
  23. Emulation Software allows _______  designed for one ________ to run on another.
    • software
    • platform
  24. DEVICE DRIVERS are systems software that allow  _______ and _______ devices to communicate with the rest of the _______ _____.
    • input
    • output
    • computer system
  25. PLUG and PLAY is the ability of a computer systems (_______ and _______ ________) to automatically configure a _______ component that is added to it.
    • hardware
    • operating system
    • hardware
  26. Utilities are systems programs that provide commonly needed services to the _____ _____.
    computer user
  27. What are the two versions of every program?
    • source - used by programmers
    • object - used and executed by operating system
  28. There are ____ versions of every program.
    two
  29. Network Operating Systems (NOS) manage and control the _______ resources of a group of computers connected by a ______.
    • shared
    • network
  30. ______ is the most portable operating system.
    UNIX
  31. _______ is a free version of UNIX which is open source.
    Linux
  32. Program Translation turns high level _______ language into ______ language.
    • program
    • machine
  33. Machine Language are _______ machine _______  that interpret strings of _____ and ______.
    • binary
    • instructions
    • zeroes
    • ones
  34. Source Code is ______ level programming ________ that looks like English type statements.
    • high
    • language
  35. Operating systems only understand _______ language.
    machine
  36. Object Code is the ________ language version of a ______.
    • machine
    • program
  37. Compilers are _______ programs that _______ or convert source code into ______ code so the operating system can execute it.
    • systems
    • translate
    • object
  38. Interpreters are similar to compilers, except they translate and execute each _____ one at a time, before going on to the next _____ _____.
    • line
    • program statement

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