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over nutrition (4)
- Cardiovascular disease
- diabetes type 2
Under nutrition (3)
- diverticular disease
functions, conseqences, psychological disadvantage, economic disadvantage
- functions - high consumption of processed foods high in fat, sugar, saturated fat or low in fibre. Decreased amount of exercise
- consequences - diabetes type 2, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and cancer
- psychological disadvantage - poor self image, feeling neglected (excluded)
- economic - job discrimination, less options in clothing
- need optimal amount of sleep (8 - 9 hours)
what is it, risk factors and consequences
- the hardening of the arteries as plaque deposits itself in the aorta which leads to the heart, This is from a diet with increased saturated fat, fat or trans fatty acids.
- risk factors - smoking, increased age or gender
- consequences - heart attack, stroke, gangrene and death by blocking of blood of the heart
high density lipoproteins and low density lipoproteins
- HDL - good cholesterol that carry cholesterol away from the heart
- LDL - bad cholesterol which builds up in arteries.
what is Hypertension
- increased the risk of CVD. when the heart must continually pump against increased pressure until the arteries becoming less elastic.
- - high fat diet, obesity and stress involved.
- Calcium supplements can reduce high blood pressure
diet modification in reducing CVD. (5)
- Eating low fat foods that contain fibre and prevent over eating and obesity
- Eat fish in place of fatty meals (omega 3 - which assits in removing harmful LDL's from arteries)
- cook by grilling, steaming or microwave
- choose low fat products
Diabetes type 2
symptons, managing diabetes
- sym - thirst, frequent urination, blurred vision, tiredness
- managing diabetes - increase physical activity, which lowers blood glucose, controls blood pressure and improves blood cholesterol while manages stress.
what is the glycaemic index
LOW GI ( add food examples)
- a method used to classify foods according to their blood glucose levels.
- (slow absorption leads to a moderate rise in blood glucose, smooth when back to normal - LOW GI) eg. pasta, baked beans
- (fast absorption results in a surge in blood glucose and an over reaction that plunges glucose levels below normal HIGH GI) eg. white bead, soft drink, jelly beans
high risk, symptons
- result of iron deficiency, folate or vitamin B12
- high risk - teenagers, pregnant women and young children
- symptoms - tiredness, loss of appetite, motivation, and enthusiasm. Reduced energy, paleness.
what is osteoperosis
condition of older people where their bones become brittle and fragile due to loss of minerals (calcium)
what is diverticular disease
results from constripation when bowel like content is firm, muscle has difficulty propelling faeces through normal contractions causing increased pressre in the bowel (intestinal walls thicken)
what is constipation
- discomfort brought about the inhability to pass soft stools reguraly. when stools are rich in fibre they are large, soft and bulky making them easy to pass.
- causes - lack of physical activity and inadequate fluid intake.
what is diverticulitis
symptons and strategies to reverse symptons
- when pouches become infected through the large intestine - very painful
- hemorrhoids - anal cushion forced down due to evacuating hard faeces
- symptons - abdominal cramps, bloating, bleeding when bowel motion
- strategies to reverse symptons - gradually add fibre, drink plenty of fluid, exercise daily and avoid laxatives