Ex 2: Organ Systems A&P
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Heart- pumps blood
Pancreas- regulates insulin and glucagon.
Esophagus- passageway for food to enter the stomach from the mouth.
Stomach- site where chemical breakdown of proteins begin and food is converted into chyme.
Liver- produces bile and its main function is to filter & process nutrient-rich blood that is delivered to it.
Small intestines- site for nutrient absorption.
Large intestines- absorption of water, and some electrolytes & defecation.
Pancreas- contain pancreatic juices that produce enzymes that breakdown all categories of food.
Gall bladder- a sac that stores and concentrates bile(bile emulsifies fat).
kidneys- major excretory organ. Regulates the volume and chemical makeup of blood, maintain pH, water & salt balance & removes the excess in the form of urine.
Ureters- a tube that transports urine to the urinary bladder from the kidneys.
spleen- site for lymphocyte proliferation & immune function RBC's; stores & releases the breakdown products of RBC's; stores platelets & site of erythrocyte production in the fetus.
Lungs- are air passageways/ chambers that contain terminal air sacs (alveoli), which are the actual sites of gas exchange.
Trachea- (tubelike "windpipe") air passageway/ chamber where its terminal end is the actual site of gas exchange; warms & moistens incoming air.
Diaphragm- a muscle that divides the body into thoracic & abdominal cavities. Increases volume of the thoracic cavity when contracted (inhaling).
- body of uterus
- urinary bladder
- mesentary tissue
- gall bladder
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