Ex 2: Organ Systems A&P

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Ex 2: Organ Systems A&P
2013-10-07 12:49:24

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  1. Cardiovascular System
    Heart- pumps blood
  2. Endocrine System
    Pancreas- regulates insulin and glucagon.
  3. Digestive System
    Esophagus- passageway for food to enter the stomach from the mouth.

    Stomach- site where chemical breakdown of proteins begin and food is converted into chyme.

    Liver- produces bile and its main function is to filter & process nutrient-rich blood that is delivered to it.

    Small intestines- site for nutrient absorption.

    Large intestines- absorption of water, and some electrolytes & defecation.

    Pancreas- contain pancreatic juices that produce enzymes that breakdown all categories of food.

    Gall bladder- a sac that stores and concentrates bile(bile emulsifies fat).
  4. Urinary system
    kidneys- major excretory organ. Regulates the volume and chemical makeup of blood, maintain pH, water & salt balance & removes the excess in the form of urine.

    Ureters- a tube that transports urine to the urinary bladder from the kidneys.
  5. lymphatic system
    spleen- site for lymphocyte proliferation & immune function RBC's; stores & releases the breakdown products of RBC's; stores platelets & site of erythrocyte production in the fetus.
  6. Respiratory system
    Lungs- are air passageways/ chambers that contain terminal air sacs (alveoli), which are the actual sites of gas exchange.

    Trachea- (tubelike "windpipe") air passageway/ chamber where its terminal end is the actual site of gas exchange; warms & moistens incoming air.

    Diaphragm- a muscle that divides the body into thoracic & abdominal cavities. Increases volume of the thoracic cavity when contracted (inhaling).
  7. greater omentum
  8. lugns and heart
    • kidney
    • ureter
    • body of uterusĀ 
    • urinary bladder
    • mesentary tissue
    • stomach
    • liver
    • gall bladder