Span 2040 exam I review Gramatica

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iishvo
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Span 2040 exam I review Gramatica
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2013-10-08 04:04:07
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Grammar Spanish
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Span 2040 Grammar review
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  1. El presente perfecto de indicative used for?
    to refer to what someone has or has not done
  2. How do you form el presente perfecto de indicative?
    verb haber and past participle
  3. Present tense of haber
    • He
    • Has
    • Ha
    • Hemos
    • Han
  4. Past participle
    • -ar changes to -ado
    • -er/-ir changes to -ido
  5. abrir
    abierto
  6. cubrir
    cubierto
  7. decir
    dicho
  8. escribir
    escrito
  9. hacer
    hecho
  10. descubrir
    descubierto
  11. morir
    muerto
  12. poner
    puesto
  13. resolver
    resuelto
  14. romper
    roto
  15. ver
    visto
  16. volver
    vuelto
  17. ir
    ido
  18. Reflexive pronouns for participos pasados irregulares are
    used before the verb haber
  19. Los mandatos de nosotros/as is used for:
    when you wish for people to join you in doing things. equivalent to "Let us/ Let's"
  20. How do you form los mandatos de nosotros/as?
    take the yo form of the present indicative tense, drop the -o ending, and then add -emos for -ar verbs and -amos for -ir/er verbs
  21. nosotros hacer
    hagamos
  22. nosotros poner
    pongamos
  23. nosotros ser
    seamos
  24. nosotros traer
    traigamos
  25. nosotros decier
    digamos
  26. nosotros ir
    vayamos
  27. nosotros oir
    oigamos
  28. nosotros salir
    salgamos
  29. -car changes to
    -qu
  30. -gar changes to
    -gu
  31. -zar changes to
    -c
  32. stem changes in -ir verbs: o changes to ?
    • u
    • ex. dormir changes to durmamos
  33. stem changes in -ir verbs: e changes to ?
    • i
    • ex. competir changes to compitamos
  34. Reflexive verbs in mandatos de nosotros/as
    • -nos is attached to the end of the verb and the s from -mos is dropped. Add accent mark on third to last syllabus from end.
    • ex. Levantemonos
    • underlined letter is accented
  35. El presente del subjuntivo used
    • Uncertainty
    • Wishes/Wants
    • Emotion
    • Impersonal expressions
    • Requests (pedidos recomendaciones mandatos)
    • Doubt, disbelief, probability (tal vez, quizas)
    • Ojala (que)
  36. aconsejar
    to recommend; to advise
  37. desear
    to wish
  38. esperar
    to hope
  39. exigir
    to demand
  40. insistir (en)
    insist (on)
  41. necesitar
    to need
  42. pedir (e->i->i)
    to ask for; to request
  43. preferir (e->ie->i)
    to prefer
  44. prohibir
    to prohibit
  45. proponer
    to suggest; to propose
  46. querer (e->ie)
    to want; to wish
  47. recomendar (e->ie)
    recommend
  48. rogar (o->ue)
    to beg
  49. sugerir (e->ie->i)
    to suggest
  50. Impersonal expressions:
    • es importante que
    • es mejor que
    • es necesario que
    • es preferible que
  51. To form present subjuntive
    • go to yo form of present indicative
    • drop the -o
    • use the opposite vowel (e for -ar, a for -er/-ir)
  52. stem-changes in -ir verbs
    • same stem changes except in the nosotros form where (e -> i) and (o -> u)
    • ex. sentir; nosotros sintamos
    •      dormir; nosotros durmamos
    •      pedir; nosotros pidamos
  53. verbs that end in -car change to
    -qu
  54. verbs that end in -gar change to
    -gu
  55. verbs that end in -zar change to
    -c
  56. 6 irregular verbs
    dar, ir, saber, haber, estar, and ser
  57. dar
    • de
    • des
    • de
    • demos
    • den
  58. ir
    • vaya
    • vayas
    • vaya
    • vayamos
    • vayan
  59. saber
    • sepa
    • sepas
    • sepa
    • sepamos
    • sepan
  60. haber
    • haya
    • hayas
    • haya
    • hayamos
    • hayan
  61. estar
    • este
    • estes
    • este
    • estemos
    • esten
  62. ser
    • sea
    • seas
    • sea
    • seamos
    • sean

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