Adv Pharm Test 2 2nd Semester

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Author:
BCnurses2014
ID:
239302
Filename:
Adv Pharm Test 2 2nd Semester
Updated:
2013-10-07 15:06:00
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Adv Pharm Test 2nd Semester
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Adv Pharm Test 2 2nd Semester
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  1. Common causes of fluid volume deficit:
    • Hemorrhage
    • Vomiting
    • Diarrhea
    • Burns
    • Diuretic therapy
    • Fever
    • Impaired thirst
  2. Manifestations of fluid volume deficit:
    • Weight loss
    • Thirst
    • Orthostatic changes in pulse and bp
    • Weak, rapid pulse
    • Decreased urinary output
    • Dry mucous membranes
    • Poor skin turgor
  3. Common causes of fluid volume excess:
    • CHF
    • Early renal failure
    • IV therapy
    • Excessive sodium ingestion
    • Corticosteroids
  4. Manifestations of fluid volume excess:
    • Increased BP
    • Bounding pulse
    • Venous distention
    • Pulmonary edema
    • - dyspnea, orthopnea, crackles
    • Third spacing

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