History 111 Test 2

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History 111 Test 2
2013-10-07 15:56:14
history 111 test

Test 2
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  1. Etruscans –
    Moved to Italy from the north
  2. Patricans –
    Wealthy land owners who led Rome’s military units and who constituted the majority of the educated class
  3. Hannibal –
    defeated Rome at Cannae in 216 B.C
  4. Cannae –
    worst defeat in roman history
  5. Marius –
    Promised his soldiers land for their service but senate refused and caused a war between Rome and her Italian allies
  6. Princeps –
    Title that Augusts took; (Princeps civitatis)
  7. Pax Romana –
    Augustus’ rule began nearly 200 years of peace
  8. Imperator –
    In antonine monarchy, emperor’s assumed this title
  9. Bethlehem –
    City where Jesus of Nazareth was born
  10. Zealots –
    People from Nazareth town.
  11. Sanhedrin –
    Highest Jewish judicial body
  12. Pontius Pilate –
    condemned Jesus to death and was a roman perfect that was worried about maintaining civil order
  13. Dominus –
    every emperor of Diocletian was named this
  14. Tetrachy –
    Power is divided between individual
  15. Canon Law –
    Courts created by the church
  16. Julian the Apostate –
    created the new form of pagan worships in the 360’s, lasted until his death.
  17. Petrine Doctrine –
    popes stated that St. Peter and St. Paul were executed in Rome, so they said that rome should be the capitol and the center of the church.
  18. Arius of Alexandria –
    Creator of Arianism
  19. Arians –
    They denied that Jesus was divine and co-eternal with God.
  20. Nicene Creed –
    Was a council that supported this doctrine that Jesus was of the same substance as God.
  21. St. Jerome –
    Translated the Bible into vernacular Latin.
  22. City of God –
    St. Augustine wrote this book, and it stated the major basis for later catholic theology.
  23. Benedict of Nursia –
    great organizer of Western monasticism, was the flexible and simple code.
  24. Responsibilities of the senate –
    Control over finance and foreign policy
  25. The duties of the tribunes –
    represented the plebeians and served to protect them from the arbitrary rule of magistrates. Plebeians were commoners
  26. Rome’s treatment of conquered Italian cities –
    limited roman citizenship, treaties, and alliances
  27. Carthage’s natural advantages –
    located upon a defensible site and had a excellent harbor.
  28. The treaty, which ended the First Punic War –
    was realistic without being unduly harsh
  29. Reasons Rome destroyed Carthage –
    Rome needed to control Italy Sicily so it needed control of the sea.
  30. Platform on which Tiberius Gracchus was elected tribune –
    Land reform, which proposed that public lands be given to the poor in small lots, but was murdered by angry senators.
  31. Major accomplishments of Augustus -
    Established 200 years of peace in Rome
  32. Augustus’ a military policy
  33. Christianity and the Pharisees –
    They have similar ethical teachings
  34. Paul’s major contributions to Christianity –
    Spreading the gospel outside of Judaea, said that one did not have to be a Jew to believe in Christ.
  35. Reasons many Romans were distrustful of Christianity -
    They thought that Christians were atheists that they denied the existence of the pagan gods.
  36. Reasons for Rome’s defensive problems –
    • army was composed mostly of Romanized provincials;
    • slaves, gladiators, barbarians, and brigands were conscripted;
    • no mobile reserve unit which could meet a crisis
  37. The third century A.D. political situation –
    Over 20 people came to the throne in a 50-year period
  38. Reasons Constantine moved the capital of the empire from Rome to Constantinople –
    it was easy for Rome to defend itself
  39. Constantine and the Edict of Milan –
    granted toleration and freedom of worship because he thought Christianity could serve him.
  40. Vows –
    • Stability meant the person promised to live his entire life in the monasterty of his profession
    • Conversion of manner meant the monk would strive to improve himself and come closer to God.
    • Obedience involved complete surrender of the monks will to abbot of the monastery