Instincts that preserve the individual and human race; growth, development, and creativity
Unconscious desire to die or cause someone else to die; manifest through aggressive behavior and drive
Reducing tension, avoiding pain to gain pleasure.
Realistic and logical thinking to formulate plans of action for satisfying needs
Iceberg below the water, where the larger part of the mind stores everything. motivating system.
Feeling of dread that results form repressed feelings, memories, desires, and experiences that emerge to the surface of consciousness.
Fear of danger form the external world
Fear that instincts will get out of hand and cause one to do something for which one will be punished
Fear of one's own conscience. People with a well developed conscience tend to feel guilty when they do something contrary to their moral code.
Mechanisms to help cope with anxiety and prevent the ego from being overwhelmed.
Painful thoughts and feelings that are excluded from awareness. involuntary removal from consciousness.
closing of the eyes to the existence of a threatening aspect of reality. Simplest mechanism, a way of distorting what the individual thinks feels and perceives. Operates in precociousness and conscious levels.
Actively expressing the opposite impulse when confronted with a threatening impulse. development of conscious attitudes and behaviors that are diametrically opposed to disturbing feelings, so as to avoid the stress and anxiety.
Attributing to others one's own unacceptable desires and impulses. Seen as others having the issues, not ourselves.
directing energy toward another object or person when the original object or person is inaccessible.
Manufacturing good reasons to explain a bruised ego. Justifying behaviors.
Diverting sexual or aggressive energy into other channels more socially acceptable.
Going back to an earlier phase of development when there were fewer demands. clinging to immature and inappropriate behaviors
Taking in ans swallowing the values and standards of others to avoid anxiety and confrontation
Identifying with successful causes, organizations, or people in the hope that you will be perceived as worthwhile. enhance self-worth and protect one from the sense of being a failure
Making perceived weaknesses or developing certain positive traits to make up for limitations.
the clients unconscious shifting to eh therapist of feelings and fantasies that are reactions to significant others in the clients past. Involves unconscious repetition of the past in the present.
When therapist responds in irrational ways, there is inappropriate affect, or when therapist looses their objectivity in a relationship because their own conflicts are triggered.
Psychoanalytic stages of development
a turning point in life when we have the potential to move forward or to regress.
Explanation of human nature that combines ideas from history, mythology, anthropology,. and religion brought forth by Jung.
The deepest level of the psyche containing the accumulation of inherited experiences of human and prehuman species. How we all connect.
Imagined life goal that guides a person's behavior. Term replaced with "guiding self ideal"
the connecting themes and rules of interaction that give meaning to our actions. Our perceptions regarding self, others, and the world.
the action line of one's community feeling. being as concerned about others as one is about oneself. Involves capacity to cooperate and contribute.
feeling of being connected to all of humanity- past, present, and future. Being involved in making the world a better place.
Not a deterministic concept, but does increase an individual's probability of having a certain set of experiences. Actual order less important that perceived order
Family living in the home, or nucleus
stories of events that a person says occurred before he or she was 10 years of age.
learning to understand the goals and motivations of the client
concepts about self, others, and life that make up the philosophy on which an individual's lifestyle is based. our convictions and beliefs that get in the way of social interest and do not facilitate useful, constructive belonging.
shifting rules of interaction, process and motivation through changes in awareness, and transform them into action
showing faith in people, expecting them to assume responsibility for their lives, and valuing them for who they are.
Trying to view the world from the client's subjective frame of reference.
How all dimensions of a person are interconnected components, and how they all are unified by the individual's movement toward a life goal.
Rather than be a sign of weakness, can actually be a wellspring of creativity. Motivates to strive for superiority, or mastery
Universal Life tasks
Building friendships, establishing intimacy, and contributing to society.
"therapy through meaning" Life has meaning through all circumstances, we can find meaning in everything.
When meaninglessness in life leads to emptiness and hollowness. Often experienced when people do not busy themselves with routine or with work.
Goals of Existential Therapy
Helping people reclaim their own lives, by recognizing the ways in which they are not living fully authentic lives, and to make choices that will lead them to becoming what they are capable of.
Existential Therapist function and role
Understanding the clients subjective view of the the world, and help them come to new understandings and options.
Existential Clients experience
Encouraged to assume responsibility for how they are currently choosing to be in their world, and to take action. Experiment new ways of behaving in the outside world.
Existential relationship between therapist and client
Central to the process because this person to person contact is the stimulus for positive change. It is a voyage into self discovery that is taken by the two of them. The core to the relationship is respect.
Existential limitations: multicultural
Because it is so focuses on the individual and individual change, it doesn't consider well those who come from collectivist cultures.