Am Htg Midterm Ch 3

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Am Htg Midterm Ch 3
2013-10-07 19:12:13
american heritage

am htg midterm ch 3 vocab, people, and questions
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  1. Whigs
    England's first political party, organized in political opposition to the King
  2. glorious revolution
    1688 bloodless English revolution against the King, making the King subject to Parliament, considered a true founding of government
  3. natural law
    law that classical Greeks believed resided in the human heart and reflects our innate sense of right and wrong
  4. common law
    law that is considered to be from natural law principles framed in precedents set by earlier courts, primary form of law in England
  5. rule of law
    set of metalegal principles developed by the English legal system as a way of distinguishing whether a particular law supported freedom or not
  6. generality
    rule of law, laws must apply to broad categories of people and must not single out individuals or groups for special treatment
  7. prospectivity
    rule of law, laws must apply to future action, not past actions
  8. publicity
    rule of law, laws must be known and certain
  9. consent
    rule of law, laws must be generally acceptable to those who must live by them
  10. due process
    rule of law, laws must be applied impartially
  11. Tories
    English royal court and the center of British political power, characterized by corruption and subversion
  12. court party
    Tories, center of British political power, characterized by corruption and subversion
  13. country party
    English opposition to the court party, consisted of commonwealth men, considered morally independent with pure motives
  14. commonwealth ideology
    the idea that the country party had the best strategy and opportunity to preserve liberty against the court party
  15. John Locke
    English philosopher whose Second Treatise of Government espousing natural rights, consent of the governed, and social compacts greatly influenced the Founding Fathers
  16. How does freedom in society differ from freedom from society?
  17. According to Locke, how were rights granted unto men?
  18. According to Locke, what is the "job" of government and how does government gain the legitimacy necessary to do its job?
  19. Explain the terms under which Mary and William of Orange were permitted to assume the English throne. What was significant about those terms?
  20. How does the structure of our government today "curtail the misuse of power?" In what ways do you think structure falls short?
  21. Is there a modern-day court vs. country political struggle in America? If so, describe it. If not, explain why you think that is the case.
  22. What are present day examples/violations of the rule of law?