Some Vocabulary and Other Shit from Chapter 3

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Author:
arnieserna
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239414
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Some Vocabulary and Other Shit from Chapter 3
Updated:
2013-10-07 23:11:17
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chapter three merrill anatomy positioning
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General anatomy and radiographic positioning terminology Merrill's Atlas, Chapter 3.
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  1. Thoracic cavity contains:
    • Pleural membranes
    • Lungs
    • Trachea
    • Esophosgus
    • Percardium
    • Heart and great vessels
  2. Abdominal cavity contains:
    • Peritoneum
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Pancreas
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Intestines
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Major blood vessels
  3. Pelvic portion contains:
    • rectum
    • urinary bladder
    • parts of reproductive system
  4. Body habitus affects which organs?
    • Lungs
    • Heart
    • Diaphragm
    • Gallbladder
    • Stomach
    • Colon
  5. Sthenic heart:
    Moderately transverse
  6. Sthenic lungs:
    Moderate length
  7. Sthenic diaphragm:
    Moderately high
  8. Sthenic stomach:
    High, upper left
  9. Sthenic colon:
    Spread evenly; slight dip in transverse colon
  10. Sthenic gallbladder:
    Centered on right side, upper abdomen
  11. Sthenic build:
    Moderately heavy
  12. Sthenic abdomen:
    Moderately long
  13. Sthenic thorax:
    Moderately short, broad, and deep
  14. Sthenic pelvis:
    Relatively small
  15. Asthenic heart:
    Nearly vertical and at midline
  16. Asthenic lungs:
    Long, apices above clavicles, may be broader above base
  17. Asthenic diaphragm:
    Low
  18. Asthenic stomach:
    Low and medial, in the pelvis when standing
  19. Asthenic colon:
    Low, folds on itself
  20. Asthenic gallbladder:
    Low and nearer the midline
  21. Asthenic build:
    Frail
  22. Asthenic abdomen:
    Short
  23. Asthenic thorax:
    Long, shallow
  24. Asthenic pelvis:
    Wide
  25. Hypersthenic heart:
    Axis nearly transverse
  26. Hypersthenic lungs:
    Short, apices at or near clavicles
  27. Hypersthenic diaphragm:
    High
  28. Hypersthenic stomach:
    High, transverse, and in the middle
  29. Hypersthenic colon:
    Around the periphery of abdomen
  30. Hypersthenic gallbladder:
    High, outside, lies more parallel
  31. Hypersthenic build:
    Massive
  32. Hypersthenic abdomen:
    Long
  33. Hypersthenic thorax:
    Short, broad, deep
  34. Hypersthenic pelvis:
    Narrow
  35. Bones provide:
    • Attachment for muscles
    • Mechanical basis for movement
    • Protection of internal organs
    • A frame to support the body
    • Storage for calcium, phosphorus, and other salts
    • Production of red and white blood cells
  36. Axial skeleton number of bones and areas:
    • 206 bones
    • Axial skeleton has 80 bones and is made up of the skull, neck, thorax, and vertebral column
    • Appendicular skeleton has 126 bones and is made up of the shoulder girdle, upper limbs, lower limbs, and pelvic girdle
  37. Bone classifications by shape:
    • Short
    • Irregular
    • Flat
    • Long
    • Sesamoid
  38. Fibrous joints:
    • Syndesmosis
    • Suture
    • Gomphosis
  39. Cartilaginous joints:
    • Symphysis
    • Synchondrosis
  40. Synovial joints:
    • Gliding (plane)
    • Hing (ginglymus)
    • Pivot (trochoid)
    • Ellipsoid (condyloid)
    • Saddle (sellar)
    • Ball and socket (spheroid)
  41. condyle
    • rounded process at an articular extremity
  42. coracoid or coranoid
    beaklike or crownlike process
  43. crest
    ridgelike process
  44. epicondyle
    projection above a condyle
  45. facet
    small, smooth-surfaced process for articulation with another structure
  46. hamulus
    hook-shaped process
  47. head
    expanded end of a long bone
  48. horn
    hornlike process of a bone
  49. line
    less prominent ridge than a crest; a linear elevation
  50. malleolus
    club-shaped process
  51. protuberance
    projecting part or prominence
  52. spine
    sharp process
  53. styloid
    long, pointed process
  54. trochanter
    either of two large, rounded, and elevated processes (greater or major and lesser or minor) located at junction of neck and shaft of femur
  55. tubercle
    small, rounded, and elevated process
  56. tuberosity
    large, rounded, and elevated process
  57. fissure
    cleft or deep groove
  58. foramen
    hole in a bone for transmission of blood vessels and nerves
  59. fossa
    pit, fovea, or hollow space
  60. groove
    shallow linear channel
  61. meatus
    tubelike passageway running within a bone
  62. notch
    indentation into border of a bone
  63. sinus
    recess, groove, cavity, or hollow space, such as (1) recess or groove in bone, as used to designate a channel for venous blood on inner surface of cranium; (2) air cavity in bone or hollow space in other tissue (used to designate a hollow space with a bone, as is paranasal sinuses; or (3) fistula or suppurating channel in soft tissues
  64. sulcus
    furrow, trench, or fissurelike depression
  65. eversion
    outward turning of the foot at the ankle
  66. inversion
    inward turning of the foot at the ankle
  67. rotation
    turning or rotating of body or a body part around its axis
  68. circumduction
    circular movement of a limb
  69. tilt
    tipping or slanting a body part slightly in relation to the long axis of the body
  70. deviation
    turning away from the regular standard or course
  71. central
    refers to middle area or main part of an organ
  72. peripheral
    refers to parts at or near the surface, edge, or outside of another body part
  73. medial
    refers to parts toward the median plane of body or toward the middle of another body part
  74. parietal
    refers to the wall or lining of a body cavity
  75. visceral
    refers to the covering of an organ
  76. dorsum
    refers to the top or anterior surface of the foot or to the back or posterior surface of the hand
  77. external
    refers to parts outside an organ or on the outside of body
  78. internal
    refers to parts within or on the inside of an organ

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