Chem Chap 5 pt 2

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Chem Chap 5 pt 2
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2013-10-08 01:00:03
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Chem Chap 5 pt2
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  1. What are Polyatomic Ions
    Charged particle containing groups of atoms bonded together
  2. Whats the formula for ammonium?
    NH4  (1+)
  3. What is the formula for Mercurous?
    Hg2 (2+) or Mercury I
  4. whats the difference of 'ite' and 'ate' of an Ionic compound with polyatomic ions?
    Polyatomic ions end with an 'ite' has one less oxygen than 'ate'
  5. What is the difference of hypo and per in an Ionic Compounds with polyatomic ions?
    'Hypo' has one less oxygen than 'ite'

    'per' has one more oxygen than 'ate'
  6. What is the formula for Carbonate?
    CO3 (2-)
  7. What is the formula for Nitrate?
    NO3 (1-)
  8. What is the formula for Phosphate?
    PO4 (3-)
  9. What is the formula for Sulfate?
    SO4 (2-)
  10. What is the formula for Fluorate?
    FO3 (1-)
  11. What is the formula for Chlorate?
    ClO3 (1-)
  12. What is the formula for Bromate?
    BrO3 (1-)
  13. What is the formula for Iodate?
    IO3 (1-)
  14. Ionic Compound

    Name of cation + Name of anion

    Na2CO3
    NH4OH
    Cu(NO3)2
    Mg3(PO4)2
    Cr(ClO3)3
    • Sodium carbonate
    • Ammonium Hydroxide
    • Copper [II] nitrate/cupric nitrate
    • Magnesium Phosphate
    • Chromium [III] Chlorite/Chromic Chlorite
  15. Naming of Binary Ionic Compound

    Al2O3
    Mg3N2
    Ag2S
    ZnCl2
    Li3P
    • Aluminum Oxide
    • Magnesium Nitride
    • Silver Sulfide
    • Zinc Chloride
    • Lithium Phosphoride
  16. Naming of Binary Ionic Compound

    Zinc Nitride
    Aluminum Chloride
    Sodium Oxide
    Calcium Sulfide
    Zinc Iodine
    • Zinc 2+  Nitride 3- = Zn3N2
    • Aluminum 3+  Chloride 1- = AlCl3
    • Sodium 1+ Oxide 2- = Na2O
    • Calcium 2+ Sulfide 2-= CaS
    • Zinc 2+ Iodine1- = ZnI2
  17. What are the type II metals? Charges?
    • Fe, Co, Cr= (2+;3+)
    • Cu,Hg = (1+;2+)
    • Sn, Pb = (2+;4+)
    • Au  = (1+;2+)
  18. Naming of Binary Ionic Compound with (Type II) metals
    Systematic Name (IUPAC)
    Common Name

    FeN
    SnO
    CrCl
    CuP
    PbS
    • Iron[III] Nitride
    • Ferric Nitride

    • Tin[IV] Oxide
    • Stannic Oxide

    • Chromium[II] chloride
    • Chromous Chloride

    • Copper[II] Phosphoride
    • Cupric Phosphoride

    • Lead[II] Sulfide
    • Plumbous Sulfide
  19. How do you name Type II metals In Systematic name (IUPAC) AND in Common Name(Old name)
    Systematic (IUPAC) name- Metal [Roman # indication charge] + Base name of anion ending with ide

    Common Name(Old name)= Metal with the higher charge ends with 'ic'


    Lower Charge- Metal with Smaller charge end with 'ous'
  20. Naming of Ionic Compounds with polyatomic ions...

    Na2CO3
    KHCO3
    Al2(SO4)3
    Fe(NO3)3
    Sn3(PO4)2
    NH4OH
    Cu(ClO3)2
    NH4NO2
    CrCO3
    Pb3(PO3)4
    Zn(CN)2
    • Disodium Carbonate
    • Potassium Hydrogen Carbonate (Bicarbonate)
    • Aluminum Sulfate
    • Iron[III]Nitrate/Ferric Nitrate
    • Tin[II]Phosphate/Stannous Phosphate
    • Ammonium Nitrite
    • Chromium[II] Carbonate/ChromousCarbonate
    • Lead[IV]Phosphide/Plumbic Phosphide
    • Zinc Cyanide
  21. What are molecular Compounds?
    • Molecular Compound exist as a molecule
    • Molecular Compound consist of only nonmetallic elements grouped together
    • DO NOT HAVE IONS
    • Non metal + Non metal
  22. What do prefixes stand for?
    Prefixes stand for the number of atoms of each kind of non metallic elements.
  23. # atoms         Prefixes
    • 1       Mono 
    • 2       Di
    • 3       Tri
    • 4       Tetra
    • 5       penta
    • 6      hexa
    • 7      hepta
    • 8      Octa
    • 9      nona
    • 10    Deca
  24. Reminder:
    Prefixes Mono is never used in the first position
  25. What are the 3 example of common names
    • H20  WATER
    • NH3  Ammonia
    • CH4   Methane
  26. P4O10
    N2O
    CO
    IF5
    N2O4
    CCl4
    CS2
    • Tetraphosphorus decoxide
    • Dinitrogen monoxide
    • Carbon monoxide
    • Iodine pentafluoride
    • Dinitrogen tetroxide
    • Carbon tetrachloride
    • Carbon disulfide
  27. Binary molecular Compounds with 'Hydrogen'

    HF
    HCl
    HBr
    HI
    H2S
    H2O2
    HCN
    • Hydrogen Fluoride
    • Hydrogen Chloride
    • Hydrogen Bromide
    • Hydrogen Iodide
    • Hydrogen Sulfide
    • Hydrogen Peroxide
    • Hydrogen Cyanide
  28. What are the following:
    S
    O2
    CN
    • Sulfide
    • Peroxide
    • Cyanide
  29. How to name Binary Acid?
    Hydro + Base name of NON metal + ic acid
  30. What is an Acid?
    Acid is a substance which produces H1+ ion when dissolved in water.

    • Ex] HF  Hydrogen Flouride
    • HF(aq) H1+ F1-
  31. What is aq?
    • Aquous solution 
    • uniform mixture (Homogeneous) of a substance dissolved in water
  32. Name the following:
    Hydro + Base name of NON metal + ic acid

    HF(aq)
    HCl(aq)
    HBr(aq)
    HI(aq)
    H2S(aq)
    HCN(aq)
    • HydroFlouric Acid
    • Hydrochloric acid
    • Hydrobromic acid
    • hydroiodic acid
    • hydrosulfic acid
    • hydrocyanic acid
  33. What are oxyanions?
    are polyatomic ions with oxygen as one of the element in its group

    Oxy acids contain oxyanion

    • Ex] H+ SO4 (2-)(ate)  H2SO4
    • H+ SO3 (2-) (ite)  H2SO3
  34. How to name acids?
    Polyatomic ions ending with 'ite' acid name end as 'ous acid' 

    Polyatomic ions ending w 'ate'  acid name ends with 'ic acid'
  35. Name the following acids:
    'ous acid'  'ic acid'

    H2SO3
    H2SO4
    HNO3
    H3PO3
    HC2H3O2
    H2CO3
    HClO3
    • Sulfurous acid
    • Sulfuric acid
    • Nitric acid
    • Phosphorous acid
    • acetic acid
    • Carbonic acid
    • Chloric acid
  36. Practice:
    Cu2S
    CaS
    CoSO4
    CrSO3S
    H2S
    CS2
    Ag2S
    H2SO4
    H2S(aq)
    HCl(aq)
    Cl2
    • Copper[I] sulfide/cuprous sulfide
    • Calcium sulfide
    • Colbalt[II]sulfate/coballous sulfate
    • Chromium[II] sulfite/ chromous sulfite
    • Hydrogen sulfide
    • Carbon disulfide
    • Silver sulfide
    • Sulfuric acid
    • Hydro sulfric acid
    • Hydro chloric acid
    • Chlorine
  37. CrSO3

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