MBLEx - Final Exam 1 (Review)

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MBLEx - Final Exam 1 (Review)
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2013-10-09 21:01:38
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MBLEx - Final Exam 1
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  1. What type of tissue is red bone marrow?

    A) Blood
    B) Vascular
    C) Hemopoietic
    D) Bone
    C) Hemopoietic

    hematopoietic: pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells; "hemopoietic stem cells in bone marrow"
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following describes control of pathogens by sterilization. 

    A) Use of pressure steam bath
    B) Use of bleach 
    C) Use of antibiotic agents
    D) All of the options
    A) Use of pressure steam bath
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Keratin is found in which layer of of the skin?

    A) Calcaneus
    B) Subcutaneous
    C) Dermis
    D) Epidermis
    D) Epidermis

    keratin:fibrous protein forming the main structural constituent of hair

    Dermis is not a layer
    Subcutaneous is under the skin
    Calcaneus is the large bone forming the heel
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What is the unique function of interneurons?

    A) They connect the motor and sensory neurons in neural pathways
    B) They provide a pathway of actin potential for afferent neurons only
    C) They provide a pathway of actin potential for efferent neurons only
    D) All of the options
    A) They connect the motor and sensory neurons in neural pathways
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Which muscle forms the outer layer of anterior and lateral abdominals?

    A) External Oblique
    B) Transverse abdominal
    C) Serratus anterior 
    D) Rectus abdominus
    A) External Oblique
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which muscle is attached at the lateral supracondylar ridge

    A) Brachialis
    B) Biceps Brachii
    C) Brachioradialis
    D) Pronator Teres
    • C) Brachioradialis
  7. Which organ regulates blood sugar level in the body?

    A) Spleen
    B) Kidney
    C) Gallbladder
    D) Pancreas
    D) Pancreas

    Located behind the stomach
    connected to duodenum ducks
    produces enzymes that breakdown food
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. What is another name for humoral immunity?

    A) Active immunity
    B) Passive immunity
    C) Antibody-mediated immunity
    D) Cell-mediated immunity
    C) Antibody-mediated immunity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. Which function of the pancreas best describes the secretion on pancreatic juices (Digestive enzymes)

    A) Exocrine
    B) Endocrine
    A) Exocrine

    • Exocrine = enzymes
    • Endocrine = hormones and bloodstream
  10. What is inflammation of connective tissue called?

    A) Myositis
    B) Bursitis
    C) Fibrositis
    D) Menigitis
    C) Fibrositis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which is the best pulse to check for cardiac function? 

    A) Jugular pulse
    B) Femoral Pulse
    C) Radial Pulse
    D) Carotid pulse
    D) Carotid pulse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which muscle lengthens as the triceps shortens during elbow extension?

    A) Latissimus dorsi
    B) Biceps femoris
    C) Hamstring
    D) Biceps Brachii
    D) Biceps Brachii
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The duodenum receives bile by way of common bile duct. Which organ(s) secrete bile into the common bile duct?

    A) Liver
    B) Pancreas
    C) Gallbladder
    D) Liver and gallbladder
    D) Liver and gallbladder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. Where can you find melanin?

    A) Dermis
    B) Stratum germinativum
    C) Subcutaneous
    D) Epidermis
    D) Epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. What is the contractile unit of a muscle cell called?

    A) Sarcoplasm
    B) Sarcoplasm reticulum
    C) Sarcolemma
    D) Sacomere
    • D) Sacomere
  16. Which one of these muscles do not attached to the common extensor tendon?

    A) Extensor digitorum
    B) Extensor carpi ulnaris
    C) Extensor carpi radialis brevis
    D) Extensor carpi radialis longus
    D) Extensor carpi radialis longus

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The palpation of what body part helps locate a common endangerment site?

    A) Medial epicondyle of the humerus
    B) Finger
    C) Supraspinatous process
    D) Tibial turberosity
    A) Medial epicondyle of the humerus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Which muscle is attached to the transverse process of cervical spine and flexes the cervical spine?

    A) SCM
    B) Longissimus cervicis
    C) Anterior scalene
    D) Trapezius
    • C) Anterior scalene
  19. Where do you find involuntary and voluntary sphincters?

    A) Ureters
    B) Nephrons
    C) Urethra
    D) Stomach
    C) Urethra
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. What is the function of lysosomes?
    cellular organelles that contain acid hydrolase enzymes that break down waste materials and cellular debris
  21. What is the function of Golgi complex or Golgi apperatus?
  22. What is the Vena Cava
    a large vein carrying deoxygenated blood into the heart. There are two-  the inferior vena cava (carrying blood from the lower body) and the superior vena cava (carrying blood from the head, arms, and upper body).
  23. What part of blood plasma is involved in fighting disease?

    A) Prothrombin
    B) Fibrinogen
    C) Globulin
    D) Albumin
    C) Globulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. What is the innermost layer of the digestive track called?

    A) Mucosa
    B) Serous
    C) Muscularis
    D) Pliceae
    A) Mucosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Lat's little helper?

    A) Infraspinatus
    B) Teres minor
    C) Trapezius
    D) Teres major
    D) Teres major
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which hormone raises blood glucose levels?

    A) Insulin
    B) Corticoid
    C) Glycogen
    D) Glucagon
    A) Insulin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which joint helps to stabilize the scapula?

    A) None of the options
    B) Acromioclavicular joint
    C) Scapulothoracic joint (False Joint)
    D) Humeroulnar joint
    C) Scapulothoracic joint (False Joint)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. Where does the quadriceps muscle group insert?

    A) Linea aspera
    B) Tibial tuberosity
    C) Ischial tuberosity
    D) Greater trochanter
    B) Tibial tuberosity

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Which muscle is involved in the extension of the head?

    A) Trapezius
    B) Rhomboid
    C) Anterior scalenes
    D) Deltoid
    A) Trapezius
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What is the name of the dark are of dense material that separates sarcromeres from each other

    A) A Band
    B) H zone
    C) Z disc
    D) None of the above
    C) Z disc

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. What is the voluntary nervous system called?

    A) Parasympathetic nervous system
    B) Somatic nervous system
    C) Autonomical nervous system
    D) Neuro sutosympathetic system
    B) Somatic nervous system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which muscle dorsiflexes and everts the foot

    A) Tibialis anterior
    B) Tibialis posterior
    C) Gastrocnemius
    D) Peroneus tertius 
    D) Peroneus tertius 

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following causes sweating?

    A) Sympathetic nerve impulses
    B) Sweat glands
    C) Autonomic nervous system
    D) Parasympathetic nerves
    A) Sympathetic nerve impulses

    The sympathetic nervous system is involved in the stimulation of activities that prepare the body for action, such as increasing the heart rate, increasing the release of sugar from the liver into the blood, and other generally considered as fight-or-flight responses (responses that serve to fight off or retreat from danger).

    Parasympathetic nervous system activates tranquil functions, such as stimulating the secretion of saliva or digestive enzymes into the stomach.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. What is the difference between afferent and efferent neurons?
    Afferent neuron :  sensory neuron: a neuron conducting impulses inwards to the brain or spinal cord

    Efferent neuron : motor neuron: a neuron conducting impulses outwards from the brain or spinal cord
  35. What is the order of elements in a reflex arc

    Stimulus
    afferent neuron
    effector organ
    receptors
    efferent neuron,
    Stimulus, receptors, afferent neuron, efferent neuron, effector organ
  36. Which is not part of peripheral nervous system?

    A) Autonomic nervous system
    B) Sense organs
    C) Spinal Nerves
    D) Spinal cord
    D) Spinal cord
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. What is the name of the three connective tissues membrane that cover and protect the CNS structures?

    A) Ganglion
    B) Cauda equine
    C) Non of the options
    D) Meninges
    D) Meninges
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What best describes meningitis?

    A) A fungus attack on the brain stem
    B) A viral or bacterial attack on the meninges
    C) autoimmune attach on the meninges
    D) Brain injury complications
    B) A viral or bacterial attack on the meninges

    meninges: the three membranes (the dura mater, arachnoid, and pia mater) that line the skull and vertebral canal and enclose the brain and spinal cord.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. What is an ovum?

    A) Egg
    B) Seed
    C) Lymph
    D) Blood cells
    A) Egg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. What does the malfunction of the brain electrochemical balance result in?

    A) Epilepsy
    B) Multiple Sclerosis
    C) Migraine
    D) Alzhemier's
    A) Epilepsy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. What is Multiple Sclerosis
    a chronic, typically progressive disease involving damage to the sheaths of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord, whose symptoms may include numbness, impairment of speech and of muscular coordination, blurred vision, and severe fatigue.
  42. What is epilepsy
    a neurological disorder marked by sudden recurrent episodes of sensory disturbance, loss of consciousness, or convulsions, associated with abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  43. What is a migraine?
    neurological (related to the nervous system).
  44. What is Alzheimer's
    progressive mental deterioration that can occur in middle or old age, due to generalized degeneration of the brain. It is the most common cause of premature senility.
  45. What is a type of white fibrous tissue called?

    A) Ligaments
    B) Bone
    C) Muscle
    D) Epithelial
    A) Ligaments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. What is the correct order of the layers of the skin from deep to superficial?

    A) Dermis, superficial fassica, and epidermis
    B) Superficial fascia, epidermis, dermis
    C) Epidermis, dermis, Superficial facia
    D) Superficial fascia, dermis, and epidermis
    D) Superficial fascia, dermis, and epidermis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. What two hormones are secreted by the same endocrine gland that regulate the increase and decrease the level of glucose?

    A) Calcitonin and PTH
    B) Thymosin and calcitonin
    C) Insulin and glucagon
    D) Cortisol and insulin
    C) Insulin and glucagon
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. What is systolic pressure?

    A) Increase blood pressure and cardiac output
    B) maximal pressure when the ventricles relax
    C) maximal pressure when the ventricles contract
    D) Pressure that occurs when the ventricles relax
    C) maximal pressure when the ventricles contract
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Which is the least common symptom for a heart attack?

    A) Pain on the left side of chest or shoulder
    B) Pain on the right side on the chest or shoulder
    C) Pain down the left arm
    D Nausea and vomiting
    B) Pain on the right side on the chest or shoulder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. What is cortisone?
    hormone that controls inflammation
  51. For what purpose will the body produce cortisone?

    A) To lower water volume in blood
    B) To control inflammation
    C) To control bleeding
    D) To counteract the presence of adrenaline
    B) To control inflammation

    cortisone: a hormone produced by the adrenal cortex. One of the glucocorticoids, it is also made synthetically for use as an anti-inflammatory and anti-allergy agent.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Is venous blood oxygenated or deoxygenated?
    deoxygenated
  53. What mineral is excreted during perspiration?

    A) Potassium
    B) Calcium
    C) Magnesium
    D) Sodium
    D) Sodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. What are two layers of the serous pericardium?

    A) Parietal pericardium and visceral pericardium (Epicardium)
    B) None of the options
    C) Epicardium
    D) Parietal pericardium
    A) Parietal pericardium and visceral pericardium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. Which structure is poliomyelitis associated with?

    A) Cerebrum
    B) Sensory neurons
    C) Lower motor neurons
    D) Pia mater
    B) Sensory neurons

    an infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause temporary or permanent paralysis.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. Which of the following develops from the mesoderm germ layer?

    A) Epithelial lining of gastrointestinal tract
    B) Epidermis
    C) Nervous System
    D) Most muscle
    • D) Most muscle
  57. How do you define diathroses joint

    A) Synoval joint
    B) Immovable
    C) None of the options
    D) Slightly moveable
    A) Synoval joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. What is the function of the liver

    A) None of these options
    B) Absorption of water
    C) Digestion of carbohydrates
    D) Removal of toxins
    D) Removal of toxins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Which of the following is responsible for maintaining osmotic equilibrium and is lost through perspiration?

    A) Magnesium
    B) Sodium
    C) Chloride
    D) Potassium
    B) Sodium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. What tool is used to measure blood pressure?

    A) Diastolic calibrator
    B) Systolic meter
    C) Sphygmomanometer
    D) None of the options
    C) Sphygmomanometer

    sphygmos = pulse
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. Where does mitosis of epithelial cells occur?

    A) n the subcutaneous layer
    B) In the dermis
    C) In the stratum basale
    D) None of the options
    C) In the stratum basale

    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. Which of the following conduct impulses from the central nervous system to the visceral effectors?

    A) Sensory dendrites
    B) Anterior motor neurons
    C) Somatic reflex arcs
    D) Lateral ventricles
    B) Anterior motor neurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. What is one of the functions of spongy bone?

    A) Shock absorber
    B) Hight compression and tensile strength
    C) High tensie strength
    D) Hight compression strength
    D) Hight compression strengthB) Shock absorber
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Which posterior thigh muscle is medial to the biceps femoris?

    A) Gluteus maximus
    B) Rectus femoris
    C) Vastus Lateralis
    D) Semitendinosus
    D) Semitendinosus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Is urine is normal, which of the following would not be present at urine discharge?

    A) Urea
    B) Sodium
    C) Protein
    D) Water
    C) Protein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which of the following bone types has a medullary cavity?

    A) Flat
    B) Long
    C) Sesamoid
    D) Irregular
    B) Long

    medullary cavity: (medulla, innermost part) is the central cavity of bone shafts where red bone marrow and/or yellow bone marrow (adipose tissue) is stored; hence, the medullary cavity is also known as the marrow cavity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. What are synarthroses joints
    immovable joint
  68. What are diathroses joints
    movable joint - all diarthroses are synovial joints
  69. What are amphiarthroses joints?
    slightly movable joint
  70. Which one if the list of classification of joints in order from least to greatest degree of mobility?

    A) Ampiarthroses, synarthroses, and diarthroses
    B) Synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
    C) Diarthroses, amphiarthroses, and synarthroses
    D) Synarthoses, diarthroses, and amphiarthroses
    B) Synarthroses, amphiarthroses, and diarthroses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. What is an ascending tract?

    A) Afferent
    B) Motor
    C) Efferent
    D) Associative
    A) Afferent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. What is peripheral nerve damage least likely to cause?

    A) Dry skin
    B) Tremors
    C) Damp skin
    D) Pain
    B) Tremors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. Which endocrine gland is regulated by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

    A) Parathyroid
    B) Adrenal cortex
    C) Thyroid
    D) Adrenal medulla
    B) Adrenal cortex
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. How much blood does the spleen normally contain on average?

    A) 1 quart
    B) 125 ml
    C) 1 pint
    D) 5-6 quarts
    C) 1 pint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. Which is the bodies most abundant mineral?

    A) Iodine
    B) Calcium
    C) Iron
    D) Potassium
    B) Calcium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. What is the protein that is most common in blood plasma?

    A) Bile pigment
    B) Albumin
    C) Globulin
    D) Adenine
    B) Albumin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. What is an example of short bone?

    A) Vertebra
    B) Sternum
    C) Ribs
    D) Carpals
    D) Carpals
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. How many ventricles are in the brain

    A) Four
    B) Two
    C) One
    D) Three
    A) Four
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. What are the names given to the gaps in the myelin sheath?

    A) Nodes of Ranvier
    B) Synaptic cleft
    C) Synapse
    D) Schwann cell
    A) Nodes of Ranvier
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. When the spinal cord is damaged at the 12th thoracic vertebrae, what part of the body will benefit from massage because it is most likely affected?

    A) Chest
    B) Trunk
    C) Neck
    D) Legs
    D) Legs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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