Mesopotamia

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Author:
skafarski
ID:
239560
Filename:
Mesopotamia
Updated:
2013-10-09 09:38:15
Tags:
Mesopotamia Sumeria cuneiform city state
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Description:
A review of Chapter 2, Section 1
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  1. Polytheism is the belief in a single god.

    True or false.
    False. Polytheism is the belief in many gods.

    Monotheism is the belief in a single god.
  2. The first known schools taught students to become...
    scribes.
  3. A building in the center of each city-state that was used by gods to "walk" down to earth.
    Ziggurat.
  4. A legend that explains a certain people's belief is called a...
    myth.
  5. Mesopotamia had special ... that drew people to ... there.
    attractions; settle
  6. City-states were separated by what two things?
    Distances and deserts.
  7. Because they were so far apart, it was vrey difficult for city-states to ... under one ...   .
    unite; ruler
  8. Mesopotamia is located between what two rivers?

    a. Euphrates
    b. Nile
    c. Tigris
    d. Ganges
    a and c
  9. Sumerians invented this in order to keep permanent records of events.
    Writing
  10. How did flooding rivers affect people living in Mesopotamia? Give me one positive and one negative effect.
    Positive: Flooding brought new topsoil each year, allowing the soil to become rich and fertile.

    Negative: Floods struck without warning, often wiping out villages and farms.
  11. Mesopotamia is part of what geographic region?
    The Fertile Crescent
  12. What is located at the top of every ziggurat?
    A temple.
  13. What is the site of the earliest known civilization called?
    Sumer
  14. Give me three possible things that could be found in or around a city-state.
    • Mud-brick walls
    • Narrow streets
    • Public buildings
    • A royal palace
    • A ziggurat
    • Rivers
    • Farms
    • Small houses
    • Shops and farm stands
  15. Bonus: What was the system of Sumerian writing called?
    Cuneiform.
  16. Name three things each city-state had that was unique to each one.
    • Religion
    • Government
    • King
  17. The story of Gilgamesh was an example of what kind of story?
    A. Myth
    B. Fiction
    C. Epic
    D. Short story
    C. Epic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. The Fertile Crescent is bounded by what two types of land forms? (e.g. hill, swamp, etc.)
    Mountains and deserts.
  19. Why did Sumerians build ziggurats?
    To allow their gods to descend to earth, using the ziggurat much like you would use a ladder.
  20. Why did Sumerian city-states operate independently from each other?
    The great distances and deserts that separated them prevented them from uniting under a single ruler.
  21. As farming in Mesopotamia succeeded, this led communities to do what?
    Build cities.
  22. According to scribes' records, Sumer was the first civilization to do what?
    Write down their stories and laws.
  23. Bonus: What were scribes training schools called?
    Edubbas.
  24. A long poem detailing the acts of a hero is called what?
    An epic.
  25. In what modern day country is Mesopotamia located in?
    Iraq.
  26. This hard, pointed writing tool was cut from a reed.
    A stylus.
  27. If residents of New York are called New Yorkers, what are residents of Sumer called?
    Sumerians.
  28. A city and surrounding area that governs itself is called what?
    A city-state.
  29. What is a professional writer known as?
    A scribe.
  30. Bonus: What was the name of the demon Gilgamesh killed in the cedar forest?
    Huwawa.

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