2.4

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Author:
efrain12
ID:
239593
Filename:
2.4
Updated:
2013-10-11 19:40:36
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psych tst
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standarized tests in education, civil service, and the millitary
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  1. what is there alot of question about academic tests in education?
    their criterion validity
  2. 4 advantages of individual tests
    -tester can observe subjects behavior

    -tester can ensure he/she is eliciting max performance from the subject

    • -can develop a sense of what to expect
    • *experience examiners can

    -adds an additional dimension to interview
  3. advantages of group tests (6)
    -subjects record their own score

    -cost effective

    -minimize professional time for scoring and administrating

    -scoring is more reliable/objective

    -used in variety of setting and purposes

    -some can be adminsitered by comp.
  4. most group tests provide a ...
    percentile or just a score
  5. what are group tests often are heavily dependent on?
    language skills
  6. Does taking a group test on a computer make scoring easier or difficult?
    • easier
    • *it is more reliable
  7. 3 things to consider when using group tests
    -use results as caution

    • -look out for low scores
    • *something might have been affecting the subject

    • -consider wide discrepancies
    • *subject may have a problem
  8. if the results from a group test come out as unsual scores, refer to..
    individual testing
  9. when selecting group tests, the tester should find tests that are...
    psychometrically sounds
  10. what do acheivement tests look at?
    what the individual already learned
  11. what do aptitude tests measure?
    individual's learning potential
  12. how is the validity of an aptitude test judged by?
    how well it predicts the criterion of future performance
  13. what 2 things do acheivement tests evaluate?
    -the effect of a known set of experiences

    -product of a course of training
  14. what do achievement tests rely heavily on?
    content validation procedures
  15. what 2 things do aptitude tests evaluate?
    -the effects of an unknown set of circumstances

    -the potential to profit from a course of training
  16. what do aptitude tests rely on?
    predictive criterion validation procedures
  17. what are the 2 best know and validated for group acheivement tests?
    -Standford Achievement test

    -Metropolitan achievement test
  18. group intelligence tests) Kuhlman-anderson test- What is it primarily made up off?
    • nonverbal
    • *could probably beb used with non-english speaking population
  19. group intelligence tests) Kuhlman-anderson test- what 3 things has it been praised off?
    -construction

    -standardization

    -general psychometric properties
  20. group intelligence tests) Cogntive abilities test- what is this test specifically designed for? (3)
    -poor readers

    -poorly educated

    -ESL individuals
  21. group intelligence tests) Cogntive abilities test- what is this a good test of?
    giftedness
  22. college entrance tests) scholastic aptitude test- what do students bring during the math section?
    calculators
  23. college entrance tests) since when has teh scholastic aptitude test been in continuous use?
    since 1926
  24. college entrance tests) scholastic aptitude test- What the mean and SD of it?
    mean: 500

    SD: 100
  25. college entrance tests) scholastic aptitude test- what range does this test predict wrongly off?
    • the middle students that fall in the middle range
    • *might be bc so many factors go into why a student will be succesful or not during college
  26. Do coaching courses for entrance exams help out with one's score?
    they do not appear to imporve scores a lot if one controls for who elects to take those courses
  27. college entrance tests) scholastic aptitude test- what does the length of the SAT do to certian students?
    it puts them in a disadvantage bc some kids may not be able to focus for 3 hrs and 45 mins
  28. college entrance tests) American College test- what range do scores range from?
    1-36
  29. grad school and professional school entrance) Graduate record examination aptitude (GRE)- what does it claim to measure?
    general scholastic ability
  30. grad school and professional school entrance) Graduate record examination aptitude (GRE)- which two types of scores does it produce?
    verbal and quantitative
  31. grad school and professional school entrance) Graduate record examination aptitude (GRE)- hows the predicitive validiity of GRE? and why is it like this?
    is relatively poor bc of restricted range
  32. grad school and professional school entrance) Graduate record examination aptitude (GRE)- are false negative rates hgih or low?
    • high
    • *people with low scores that do well in grad school
  33. GRE _______ younger students and ______ older students
    overpredicts; underpredicts
  34. grad school and professional school entrance) Graduate record examination aptitude (GRE)- over time which category has increase?
    • math scores
    • *students are taking more math classes
    • **more asians are taking this test
  35. grad school and professional school entrance) Graduate record examination aptitude (GRE)- over time which category has declined?
    • verbal scores
    • *more non-english speakers are taking this exam
  36. why have standarized tests have been relied upon more and more ?
    • ever since the freedom of information act was passed
    • *schools assume that professor will give glowing recommendations aout the student because this act allows a student to read their recommendation letters
  37. grad school and professional school entrance) what was an important consideration in getting into grad school beyond GRE and grades?
    participation in research and having publications
  38. grad school and professional school entrance) miller analogies test- at the time it was considered better than which test?
    GRE
  39. grad school and professional school entrance) miller analogies test- does this test predict any important characteristics that will be used in grad school?
    no
  40. grad school and professional school entrance) miller analogies test- does this have an age bias?
    yes
  41. What age range has been hypothesized to be the most motivated for academic achievement?
    middle adult years
  42. grad school and professional school entrance) law school admission- does it predict first year GPA?
    yes
  43. grad school and professional school entrance) law school admission- what type of skills are tested on the LSAT?
    those needed for success in the 1st year of law school
  44. nonverbal group ability tests) raven progressive matrices- what is this test usually used for?
    when you need an estimate of someone's general intelligence (G)
  45. nonverbal group ability tests) raven progressive matrices- what a downside to this test?
    • analyses showed three items in the middle were of the same difficulty
    • *this results in overestimation of the IQs of individuals at that level
  46. nonverbal group ability tests) raven progressive matrices- this test may be the...
    best single measure of general fluid intelligence
  47. nonverbal group ability tests) raven progressive matrices- what did a brain imaging study find?
    correlated differences in scores on the RPM to differences in neuronal firing
  48. nonverbal group ability tests) raven progressive matrices- what was this test originally designed for?
    to assess military recruits independently of educational factors
  49. nonverbal group ability tests) Goodenough-Harris Drawing test- what was the subject instructed to do?
    • draw a figure of a whole man
    • *to do the best job possible
  50. nonverbal group ability tests) Goodenough-Harris Drawing test- how was this test scored?
    points were given for every detail that was shown
  51. nonverbal group ability tests) Goodenough-Harris Drawing test- did this have a good normative sample?
    it had a big one to determine mental age
  52. nonverbal group ability tests) Goodenough-Harris Drawing test- do amish kids still draw same details?
    yes, even buttons
  53. nonverbal group ability tests) IPAT culture fair intelligence test- what was it designed for?
    to provide an estimate of intelligence free of cultural and language influences
  54. nonverbal group ability tests) IPAT culture fair intelligence test- what was the reliability for this test?
    • .70
    • *its low, they should be at .90
  55. nonverbal group ability tests) IPAT culture fair intelligence test- what is wrong with the norms?
    they are becoming outdated
  56. standarized tests in the civil service system) The general aptitude test battery- what is this test used for?
    making decisions for govt agencies
  57. standarized tests in the civil service system) The general aptitude test battery- what does it attempt to measure?
    a wide range of aptitudes from general intelligence to manual dexterity
  58. standarized tests in the civil service system) The general aptitude test battery- does this test discriminate?
    yes, against women and minorities
  59. standarized tests in the civil service system) The armed services vocational aptitude battery- what groups of people was this test designed for?
    late high school and post secondary students
  60. standarized tests in the civil service system) The armed services vocational aptitude battery- what is this test a valid predictor of?
    performance during training for a variety of military and civilian occupations

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