Art of India (midterm)

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  1. Ashoka (Mauryan period)
    • 3rd and most prominent ruler
    • pillars appear
    • "defeated Alexander the Great"
    • (272 - 231 BC)
  2. Art of Mauryan period
    322- 185 BCE
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    • Ashokan pillar
    • Lauriya Nandangarh
    • 246 BC 
    • Bahir, India
    • (pillars had Ashoka's inscribed dharma/law)
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    • Lion capital (Sarnath)
    • 250 BC
    • ★Wheel, horse, lion, bull, and elephant
    • (4 directions for each animal) metaphor 4 Buddha
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    • "he began turning the wheel of the universe... for all of time"
    • Buddha metaphor and universal symbol
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    • Bull capital (Rampurva)
    • 250 BC
    • Mediterranean motif & not polished
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    • Yakshi? nah
    • Didargang chauri bearer
    • 1st - 2nd century
    • Patna region
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    • Sankissa Elephant Capital
    • (not as polished)
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    • Dhauli Elephant
    • "heart of the Kingdom of Dhauli"
    • inscribed like all the other pillars
  10. Naga
    Serpent divinity
  11. Bharhut
    Stupa Railing
    • Shunga Dynasty
    • 185 - 72 BCE
  12. Image Upload
    • Chandra Yakshi
    • (much more detail than Mauryan, w/ lacework and facial tattoos)
  13. Stupa Railing (Bharhut)
    • inscribed "Made in the reign of the shongas"
    • 185 - 280 BC? (argued in class)
    • book = 250 BC
  14. The Great Stupa (Sanchi)
    • Satavahana Dynasty
    • 72 BCE ... 3rd century
    • King Satakarni <- there were many
  15. Kapilavastu
    city of Buddha's birth
  16. Gateway's at The Great Stupa
    • square platforms
    • East: Yakshi's
    • West: Dwarves
    • North: Elephants
    • South: Lion (like Sarnath capital) & circular platform
  17. The Great Stupa was worked on by irovy workers of Vidisha
    during 1st century BC craftsmen came from elsewhere... hence why taking images from other areas
  18. The Buddha wanted to cross river, ferry man didn't want to, and after a couple other tries, Buddha walks across the water.
    • Conversion of the Kashyapas
    • (first set of people converted)
  19. Place where The Buddha reached enlightenment
    Bodhgaya
  20. Bodhgaya
    • Shunga period
    • railing 1st century BC
    • Relief sculptures 1st & 2nd BC
    • stone slab 3rd BC w/ motifs like contemporary Mauryan pillars
  21. Bodhgaya mathunas
    couples, they were more erotic here
  22. Barabar Hills Sanctuaries
    • Sudama "Cave"
    • may have been influenced by tombs elsewhere
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    • Sudama "Cave" (square opening)
    • Lomas Rishi "Cave" (elaborate opening & unfinished cuz unsafe)
  24. Chaitya
    religious hall in sanctuary w/ a large stupa at the end
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    • Bhaja Main Hall
    • (plain pillars)
  26. Why Sungod Surya and Indra portrayed??
    • represent light, aid in meditation
    • otherwise Hindu gods aren't meant to be represented
  27. vihara
    • chair & bed area w/ porchway
    • (Bhaja main hall)
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    • Karle Hall, mathunas
    • they were original and the portrayal of The Buddha was added later
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    • Karle Hall (the main chaitya) very elaborate
    • *w/ added Hindu temple
    • also 1stBC - 1st AD
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    Kanheri Main Shrine (chaitya)
  31. Kanheri time frame
    1st BC to 11 AD
  32. Kanheri, largest w/ 120 rock cut caves, 6 as caityas, 53 viharas, and 8 halls
    w/ water for drinking and bathing
    • Cave 3: 2nd century (largest looks like Karle) 
    • carvings w/ elephants worshipping bodhi tree or stupa
  33. Kanishka
    • ruled the Kushanas
    • third king
    • date around AD 78 & 144 (uncertain cuz eras)
  34. Gandhara vs Mathura (reason: who did it first?)
    • G: meditative seated Buddha or teaching/ speaking mudra
    • wheel typically painted
    • wavy locks & downcast eyes
    • infrequently dated
    • M: right hand raised in mudra gesture
    • wheel inscribed on feet/ hands
    • dated by kings' reign
    • stylistically subtly changed over years
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    • Reliquary from Bimaran (Gandhara)
    • had bones of the Buddha(maybe) 
    • (had the Buddha imprinted in human form)
    • 1st AD
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    Reliquary of Kanishka (Gandhara)
  37. Tahkt-i Bahi
    monastary in Gandhara, at the top of a hill away from society. seen monk cells.
  38. Bodhisattva
    • being who has potential for enlightenment but hasn't done so
    • all Jataka's: The Buddha was referred to as Bodhisattva
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    Bodhasattva
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    • Bodhisattva Maitreya
    • "Buddha of the future"
    • w/ elixir of immortality
  41. Image Upload
    Bodhisattva Prince (The Buddha before enlightenment)
Author:
rockinradio14
ID:
239663
Card Set:
Art of India (midterm)
Updated:
2013-10-09 04:25:27
Tags:
art history midterm india
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Midterm exam review cards
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