The array of beliefs and attitudes that people hold about political and related affairs
The process by which citizens acquire politically relevant knowledge, beliefs, attitudes, and patterns of behavior.
When does the process of socialization begin?
Very early, around ages 3-13.
The theory that suggests that people like to have favorable images of themselves, they may attempt to boost their self-images by acting like people they admire or by avoiding the behavior of those they do not like.
Social Learning Theory
People may carry over attitudes developed in a narrower setting such as the family or school, to the broader political setting. A boy who dislikes his father may rebel against political authority more generally.
What people can learn about politics depends on the stage of mental development. Some things can only be learned early in life, while others can be learned only later on.
Cognitive development theory
A "teacher" in the process of political socialization, for example, the family, school, a peer group, or the mass media.
agents of socialization
Groups of people, roughly equal in social position, who interact with one another
A person's sense of being able to accomplish something politically, an important determinant of political participation
A motivating factor, held by some citizens, to get involved in politics
sense of duty
Psychological attachment that a citizen may feel toward a particular political party
A form of political protest in which advocates of a cause deliberately break a law as a means of asserting its illegitimacy or drawing attention to their cause.
A form of civil disobedience in which protesters do not actively oppose gov'ts attempts to control them, but rather refuse to cooperate by doing nothing-- for example, by going limp when police try to pick them up
A category of political participation that comprises around 22 percent of the population. These people take virtually no part in political life. Many African Americans, women, and low social status individuals fall into this group.
A category of political participation that comprises around 21 percent of the population. These people are very attached to a certain party, which brings them to vote in most elections.
A category of political participation that comprises around 4 percent of the population. These people contact public officials when they have a particular personal problem and seek government assistance to solve it.
A category of political participation that comprises around 20 percent of the population. These people have little involvement in electoral politics apart from voting, but they do take part in group activities with the aim of solving social problems.
A category of political participation that comprises around 15 percent of the population. These people do not participate much in group activities, but are highly active in campaigns. They are also highly partisan.
Comprising about 11 percent of the population, the people in this category of political participation vote, contact officials, campaign, and take part in group activities. Predominantly upperstatus and middle aged
A perspective that looks at politics as a system in which individuals and organizations pursue their self-interests, defined in terms of costs and benefits, and choose to do those things that give them the greatest benefit at the least cost.