Edwards Chapter 13 Vocab.txt

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Edwards Chapter 13 Vocab.txt
2013-10-09 01:34:21
Edwards Chapter 13 Vocab

Edwards Chapter 13 Vocab
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  1. 41. Cabinet
    A group of presidential advisers not mentioned in the Constitution, although every president has had one.
  2. 42. Council of Economic Advisers (CEA)
    A three member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy.
  3. 43. Crisis
    A sudden, unpredictable, and potentially dangerous event requiring the president to play the role of crisis manager.
  4. 44. Impeachment
    The political equivalent of an indictment in criminal law, prescribed by the Constitution. The House of Representatives may impeach the presient by a majority vote for “Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”
  5. 45. Legislative Veto
    The ability of Congress to override a president decision. Although the War Powers Resolution asserts this authority, there is reason to believe that, if challenged, the Supreme Court would find the legislative veto in violation of the doctrine of separation of powers.
  6. 46. National Security Council (NSC)
    An office created in 1947 to coordinate the president’s foreign and military policy advisers. Its formal members are the president, vice president, secretary of state, and secretary of defense, and it is managed by the president’s national security assistant.
  7. 47. Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
    An office that grew out of the Bureau of the Budget, created in 1921, consisting of a handful of political appointees and hundreds of skilled professionals. The OMB performs both managerial and budgetary functions, and although the president is its boss, the director and staff have considerable independence in the budgetary process.
  8. 48. Pocket Veto
    A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within ten days of having submitted a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
  9. 49. Presidential Coattails
    The situation occurring when voters cast their ballots of congressional candidates of the president’s party because they support the president. Few races are won this way.
  10. 50. Twenty-fifth Amendment
    Passed in 1967, this amendment permits the vice president to become acting president if both the vice president and the president’s cabinet determine that the president is disabled. The amendment also outlines how a recuperated president can reclaim the job.
  11. 51. Twenty-second Amendment
    Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
  12. 52. Veto
    The constitutional power of the president to send a bill back to Congress with reasons for rejecting it. A 2/3 vote in each house can override a veto.
  13. 53. War Powers Resolution
    A law passed in 1973 in reaction to American fighting in Vietnam and Cambodia that requires presidents to consult with Congress whenever possible prior to using military force and to withdraw forces after 60 days unless congress declares war or grants an extension. Presidents view the resolution as unconstitutional.
  14. 54. Watergate
    The events and scandal surround a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in 1972 and the subsequent cover-up of White House involvement, leading to the eventual resignation of President Nixon under the threat of impeachment.