HSCI 003 MIDTERM
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Pertaining to the brain
An instrument used to see the eye
Tumor of the liver
Removal of a gland
- Associated with dermatitis.
SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythamotosus)
Inflammatory disease of collagen of the skin, joints, and other organs.
Skin pigment condition
Dermatitis with red patches and silvery scales.
Inflammation of a bone
Surgical joint repair
Examination of living tissue
Tumor of bone marrow
Twisting of the intestines.
Removal of fatty tissue.
Fat in the feces.
Through the skin.
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow.
Joint inflammation due to uric acid accumulation.
Bacterial infection caused by the spirochete borrelia burgdorferi.
X-ray of a joint with contrast material.
The "growth plate"
- Suffix: -physis
- Epiphyseal Plate
What are the planes of the body?
- Frontal (coronal) plane: vertical, divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
- Sagittal (lateral) plane): lengthwise vertical, divides the body into right or left sides.
- Transverse (axial) plane: Horizontal, divides the body parallel to the ground. Upper and lower portions.
Roots that mean "Hardening"
Roots that mean "Resembling"
Roots that mean "Large Intestine"
The types of burns.
- First-degree burns: No blisters, pink to red, dry, painful, usually a sunburn.
- Second-degree burns: Blisters, very painful, epidermal and dermal lesions, very sensitive.
- Third-degree burns: Not painful, epidermis and dermis are destroyed, differential in color (white or yellow).
What are the 12 body systems?
- Integumentary (skin)
- Skeletal (the bones)
- Muscular (the muscles)
- Cardiovascular (heart and vessels/providing movement of blood)
- Respiratory (the lungs)
- Digestive (the mouth, esophagus, stomach, etc.)
- Nervous (brain, spinal cord, etc.)
- Endocrine (glands which secrete inside the body)
- Lymphatic (moves fluid throughout the body and moves waste around)
- Urinary (kidneys, bladder, responsible for filatration of fluids throughout the body)
- Reproductive (system that allows sexual reproduction)
- Reticuloendothelial (immune system)
A puncture to remove fluid from the sac around the embryo.
- Contained in chromosomes.
- Several thousand genes in each chromosome.
- They contain DNA, which regulates the activity of a cell.
The parts of a cell.
- Cell Membrane: Surrounds/protects the cell, regulates what passes in and out.
- Nucleus: Controls the operations of the cell.
- Chromosomes: 23 pairs, contain genes.
- Cytoplasm: Material outside the nucleus in the cell membrane.
- Mitochondria: provides energy for the cell.
- Endoplasmic Reticulum: Network of canals that manufacture proteins.
Joint Types and their examples
- Fibrous: the least movable; the surtures in the skull; tid fib joint in ankles.
- Cartilagous: tough joints; provide cushioning; provide motioning at pubic symphesis, intervertebral disk
- 7 Synovial: the most
- -gliding: joints that slide [carpals, SI],
- -hinge [phalanges, elbow],
- -Pivot [atalanto-axial, radio-ulna],
- -Ellipsoidal [metacarpo-phalangeal, radio-carpo]
- -Saddle [carpo-metacarpal],
- -Ball and Socket [femur is the largest one, shoulder, hip]
- TMJ: Temperal Vendibulo Joint
Vitamin D deficiency causes WHAT?
Nerve fibers are unable to transmit impulses effectively to muscles, the heart muscle becomes weak, and muscles attached to bones undergo spasms.
An opening in the bone is called WHAT?
The poor formation (abnormal development) of bone.
Abnormal side pockets in a hollow organ.
An area with insufficient blood.
Abnormal condition of the kidney.
Slipping of one vertebrae upon another.
Roots and Definition for the "Fibula?"
- The smallest of the two lower leg bones.
Types of fractures
- Simple (closed): bone is broken but there is no open wound in the skin.
- Compund (open): bone is broken and a fragment protrudes through an open wound in the skin.
- Colles: Near the wrist at the distal ends of the radius.
- Comminuted: Bone is splintered and crushed in several pieces.
- Compression: Bone collapses or is compressed, happens in the vertebrae.
- Greenstick: Bone is partially broken and bends at the other end, happens at the forearm.
- Impacted: One fragment is driven firmly into another.
Double folded membrane that lines the abdominal cavity.
The uppermost and largest portion of the pelvis that join at the sacrum.
The 3rd portion of the small intestine which is 11 feet long.
Small Intestine: Names and Lengths
- 1. Duodenum: 1 ft long
- 2. Jejunum: 8 ft long.
- 3. Ileum: 11 ft long
- Total = 20 feet
Large Intestine: Names and Lengths
- 1. Cecum (appendix is attached to it).
- 2. Colon: 5 ft (Ascending, Transverse, Descending, Sigmoid).
- 3. Rectum (leads to anus).
- Total = 5 ft
- Striated Muscle: Makes up the voluntary and skeletal muscles that move all the bones. Fascia separates them.
- Smooth Muscle: Makes up involuntary or visceral muscles that move internal organs.
- Cardiac Muscle: Branching fibers that are found in the heart.
- AST (aminotransferase) = SGOT (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase). Found in tissues, released when they're damaged.
- ALT (alanine aminotransferase) = SGPT (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase). Found largely in the liver, realease when damaged.
- Endodontist: Specializing in the inner parts of the tooth.
- Orthodontist: Specializes in straightening teeth.
- Periodontist: Specializes in the treatment of gums.
- Down Syndrome: Child recieves an extra chromosome, so they have 47 instead of 46.
- Turner Syndrome: Partial or complete absense of the second X chromosome in females.
- Klinefelter syndrome: An extra X chromosome in a male.
- Epithelial: Covers the outside of the body and lines the inner surface of the internal organs.
- Muscle: Voluntary (conscious movement: arms, legs, etc.), Involuntary (unconscious movement: heart and digestive system), Cardiac (inside the heart).
- Connective: bone, cartilage, blood, adipose (fat), fibrous (tendons: MUSCLE TO BONE and ligaments: BONE TO BONE)
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