Large Animal 1: Ruminant Nutrition (Basic Nutrients-Requirements of Cattle)

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heather.dundas
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239765
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Large Animal 1: Ruminant Nutrition (Basic Nutrients-Requirements of Cattle)
Updated:
2013-10-09 21:25:16
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  1. Basic nutrients:PFCMVW
    • protein
    • fat
    • carbohydrates
    • minerals
    • vitamins
    • water
  2. What nutrient is used for growth, hormones, and tissue repair?
    protein
  3. What nutrient is used for energy  and vitamin absorption?
    fat
  4. ***What is the primary source of energy in ruminants?***
    carbohydrates
  5. Water is often overlooked but is _% of their body weight.
    60%
  6. What does 50% of their diet go towards?MNR
    maintenance nutrient requirements
  7. Ruminants require a lot of what in their diet?
    fiber
  8. What do cows have that sheep and camelids don't?
    prehensile tongue
  9. What live together in the rumen?
    bacteria and protozoa
  10. Anaerobic fermentation can convert poor quality feeds into what?
    protein sources
  11. NPN
    • nonprotein nitrogen
    • makes up most of diet
  12. What microbes in the rumen convert NPN to protein?UA
    • urea
    • ammonia
  13. TDN
    total digestible nutrients
  14. Where does TDN come from?
    supplements and grains
  15. TDN is low in _ and high in _.
    • low fiber
    • high digestible protein
  16. Examples of TDN:SCLCOWB
    • soybeans
    • cottonseed meal
    • linseed meal
    • corn
    • oats
    • wheat
    • barley
  17. Normal rumen pH
    6.5-6.8
  18. Anaerobic fermentation of NPN produces:VAVM
    • VFA(volatile fatty acids)
    • Amino acids (protein)
    • vitamins
    • methane and co2
  19. What is the biggest component of eructation?
    • methane
    • co2
  20. How many gal/day of water?
    10-14
  21. How many additional gal of water per 1 gal of milk produced?
    3-5gal
  22. high fiber
    low TDN
     largest % of diet
    roughages
  23. Name the 3 roughages:MGL
    • mature plants
    • grass hay
    • legumes
  24. Which roughage is high fiber and low protein?
    mature plants
  25. Grass hay is high in fiber name 2 types:TB
    • timothy
    • blue grass
  26. Legumes are high fiber and what other two things?
    protein and calcium
  27. Name two legumes:AC
    • alfalfa
    • clover
  28. Which is more leafy legumes or grass hay?
    legumes
  29. grain aka
    concentrates
  30. Grain is added to the diet for what?GL
    • growth
    • lactation
  31. Grain is low in _ and high in _.
    • low fiber
    • high TDN
  32. TMR
    total mixed ration
  33. What is TMR
    all required nutrients mixed together

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