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what do proteins contain?
- Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen
What are the 4 enzyme parts?
And label them.
- Amino Acids
- Single Hydrogen
- R group
What elements does Nucleic Acid Contain?
- Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Phosphorus
What 2 nucleic acids are there
DNA and RNA
What are made of many small repeating molecular units?
What are these units called?
What does the Deoxyribose contain?
- 5-Carbon sugar molecules
- a Phosphate group
- 1 of 4 nitrogen bases
the backbones of DNA.
The 4 DNA gene constructors:
TCAG- which and which can only be together
1. building blocks of the nucleic acids are ________.
2. Nucleic acids store and transmit __________.
3. Are ____________.
- genetic information
What elements do Lipids contain
- Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
- (CHO) NOT in 1:2:1 ratio
2 building blocks of lipids
- Fatty acids and glycerol
What are lipids?
fats (cant dissolve in water)
If the lipid has a single carbon bond, then the lipid is _____________.
an example would be
If the lipid has a double carbon bond, then the lipid is _____________.
an example would be ...
What is a phospholipid?
When replacing one of the fatty acid molecules with a phosphate molecule
what are lipids used for?
- cushion organs
- form waterproof coverings (in plants)
- store energy
What are carbs made of?
(CHO)Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen in a 1:2:1 ratio
examples of carbs (optional:and short definition)
- sugars- stores energy
- starches- plants store glucose in for of starch
- cellulose- a bunch of glucose molecule bonds together
what are carbs used for?
structural support and quick energy
What are the 3 groups Carbs are classified in and what do they mean?
Difference between Polar and Nonpolar
- Polar ( LOVES Water)
- nonpolar (Avoids water)
long chains of amino acids are called -
In amino acids, the "R" group is just a filler. What does that space provide?
Determination of the amino acid's function
Enzymes regulating chemical process
source of all energy
examples of monosaccharaides
glucose, fructose, and galactose
(mono- in one- and if a monster is one, then he's single. and why is he single. Because he's GGF. Gross, Green, Fat. (Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose)
examples of Polysaccharides
starch, cellulose, glycogen
what is sucrose?
- glucose and fructose
glucose and fructose are similar but what's different about them? what do they share in common?
- the structure.
- Glucose has one Ch2OH
- fructose has 2 of that in the molecule
what is cellulose?
polysaccharide- a bunch of glucose molecules
in what form do plants store energy?
- plants= starch
- humans= glycogen
what synthesizes proteins?
What is sulfur found in?
- 1. Starch
- 2. Glycogen
- 3. Cellulose
- (way to remember- poly means many and on Christmas you get many gifts. Santa (starch) brings Goodies/Gifts (glycogen) and eats our Cookies (cellulose)--Santa, Goodies, Cookies.)))))))))
Example of Disaccharides
--and what is it made of?
- made of: Glucose and Fructose
serves as a strengthening tissue in the cell wall of plants
building blocks of Carbs
monosaccharaides (simple sugars)
3 types of lipids
fats, oils, lipids
What molecule is this?
What type of chemical bond is illustrated?
a peptide bond
what is this?
what is this?