Antibiotika 1

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Janni_Larsson
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239893
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Antibiotika 1
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2013-10-10 03:55:14
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  1. Cellevægssyntesehæmmere
    b-laktam antibiotika - penicilliner

    b-laktam antibiotika - cephalosporiner

    b-laktam antibiotika – monobactam

    b-laktam antibiotika – carbapenemer

    vancomycin 

    Cellevægssyntesehæmmere (specifikt mykobakterier)
  2. Proteinsyntesehæmmere (30s)
    aminoglykosider: gentamycin

    tetracycliner: doxycyklin
  3. Proteinsyntesehæmmere (50s)
    klormaferikol (som øjendråber)

    makrolider: clarithromycin, azithromycin, (erythromycin)

    fusidin syre

    linezolid

    klindamycin
  4. Antimetabolitter
    sulfonamid,

    trimetoprim
  5. DNA replikationshæmmere
    kinoloner: ciprofloxacin

    metronidazol (kompleks virkningsmekanisme)
  6. DNA transkriptionshæmmere
    rifampicin
  7. b-laktam antibiotika - penicilliner:
    Smalspektret penicilliner:
    phenoxymethylpenicillin (penicillin V),

    b-benzylpenicillin (penicillin G; SD 2 MIEx3-4, MD 6 x 3 MIE).

    b-penicillinasestabile/b-laktamasestabile penicilliner: Dicloxacill
  8. b-laktam antibiotika - penicilliner:

    Penicilliner med udvidet spektrum
    • ampicillin (SD 1 g x4, MD 2 g x6),
    •  amoxicillin
  9. b-laktam antibiotika - penicilliner:

    Penicilliner med overvejende virkning på gramnegative stave
    mecillinam
  10. b-laktam antibiotika - penicilliner:







    Penicilliner kombineret med b-laktamasehæmmere:
    amoxicillin og clavulansyre,

    piperacillin og tazobactam.
  11. b-laktam antibiotika - penicilliner:

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