Bugs and Drugs

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kjp19
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239929
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Bugs and Drugs
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2013-10-28 18:15:41
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Bugs Drugs
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Bugs and Drugs
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  1. Name 5 Gram + Cocci
    • Staphylcoccus
    • Streptococcus
    • Enterococcus
    • Peptostreptococcus
  2. NameĀ 4 Gram + Rods
    • Clostridium
    • Actinomyces
    • Bacillus
    • Diptheroids
  3. Name 2 Gram - Cocci
    • Neisseria
    • Moraxella
  4. Name 10 Gram - Rods
    • E. Coli
    • Proteus
    • Klebsiella
    • Serratia
    • Enterobacter
    • Salmonella
    • Yersenia
    • Pseudomonas
    • Bacteroides
    • Strenotrophomonas
  5. Name 1 Gram + coccobacilli
    Listeria (more rod like)
  6. Name 3 Gram - cocco bacillus
    • Haemophilus
    • Legionella
    • Bordetella
  7. Name 4 anaerobic bugs
    • Clostridium
    • Bacteroides
    • Peptostreptococcus
    • Actinomyces
  8. Name 4 atypical bugs
    • Mycoplasma
    • Chlamydia
    • Ricketsia
    • Legionella
  9. If you think osteomyelitis what bugs come to mind?
    S. Aureus and Group A Strep
  10. If you think septic arthritis what bugs come to mind?
    • S. aureus
    • N. gonorrhea
    • Streptococci
  11. If you hear "gram + cocci in clusters" you think...
    staphylococcus spp.
  12. If you hear "gram + cocci in pairs and chains" you think...
    • Streptococcus spp
    • Enterococcus spp
  13. If you hear "gram + diplococci" you think...
    streptococcus pneumonia
  14. If you hear "gram - coccobacilli" you think...
    H. flu
  15. If you hear "lactose fermenting gram - rods" you think...
    • E. coli
    • Klebsiella
    • Enterobacter
  16. Normal Flora of skin includes
    • Staphylococcus spp
    • Streptococcus spp
  17. Normal Flora of the GI tract includes
    • Enterobacteriaceae
    • Enterococcus
    • Anaerobes
    • Staphylococcus
    • Yeast
    • Pseudomonas spp
  18. Normal Flora of the Respiratory tract
    • Staphyloccus spp
    • Streptococcus spp
    • Neisseria meningitidis
    • Yeast
  19. Normal Flora of the urine
    none
  20. Normal Flora of the blood
    none
  21. Gram + cocci are most likely to infect where?
    skin, soft tissue, heart, lung, bone joints, hardware, indwelling lines
  22. Gram - rods are most likely to infect where?
    lung (HCAP, HAP, VAP) any intraabdominal organ, GU system
  23. Anaerobes are most likely to infect where?
    Lung (abscess), oral cavity, any intraabdominal organ
  24. Atypicals are most likely to infect where?
    Lungs (CAP)
  25. name the bugs for meningitis
    <1 mo. (3)
    1 mo. to 50 yrs. (2)
    > 50 y.o. (3)
    • <1 mo. Groub B strep, GNR, Listeria
    • 1 mo. to 50 yrs. S. pneumo, N. meningitidis
    • > 50 y.o. S. pneumo, Listeria, GNR
  26. name the bugs for lungs
    Pneumonia: <1 mo. (5)
    CAP: > 1 mo. (5)
    HCAP: (5)
    VAP/HAP: (3)
    Aspirataion PNA/Lung Abscess (4)
    • Pneumonia: <1 mo. GBS, Listeria, Enteric GNR, S. auerus
    • CAP: > 1 mo. S. pneumon, H. flu, M. cat, mycoplasma, legionella
    • HCAP: CAP + S. aureus, enteric GNR, pseudomonas
    • VAP/HAP: HCAP + stenotrophonas, acinobacter
    • Aspirataion PNA/Lung Abscess: anaerobes, glebsiella, S. auerus, streptococci
  27. name the bugs that can infect a DM's foot
    superficial
    deep
    superficial; s. aureus, beta hemolytic strep, s. Epi

    deep; everything
  28. Name the bugs that can infect ENT
    otitis media (3)
    otitis externa (3)
    OM s. pneumo, h flu, m cat

    OE pseudomonas, s. epi, s aureus
  29. Name the bugs that can infect the heart
    GPC, viridans, Strep, S. aureus, enterococcus, s. epi, streb bovis
  30. name the bugs that can infect the GI tract
    Bacterial gastroenteritis, e. coli, shigella, campylobacter, salmonella, enteric GNR, pseudomonas, anaerobes, enterococcus, inf. colitis/C. diff
  31. name the bugs that can infect the GU system
    UTI/Pyelo: (5)
    PID/Prostatitis: (3)
    • UTI/Pyelo: E. Coli, proteus, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, S. saprophyticus,
    • PID/Prostatitis: N. gonorrhoeae, Chamydia, Enteric GNR
  32. Gram + --> clusters --> ____ -->coagulase test
    staphylcocci
  33. Gram + --> coccobacilli --> ____
    listeria
  34. Gram + --> pairs/chains --> _____ -->hemolysis test and lacefield serotyping
    • streptococci
    • enterococci
  35. anaerobic--> ____(several)
    • clostriduium
    • bacteroides
    • peptostreptococcus
    • actinomyces
  36. atypicals --> ____(several)
    • mycoplasma
    • chlaydia
    • rickettsia
    • legionella
  37. Gram - --> cocci --> ____
    • neisseria
    • morexella
  38. gram - --> rod --> lactose fermenting --> ______
    e. coli, klebsiella, enterobactor
  39. gram - --> rod -->lactose non fermenting --> ______
    pseudomonas, proteus, stenotrophomonas
  40. Gram - --> rod --> lactose slow fermenting --> ____
    serratia, citrobacter
  41. Gram - --> coccobacilli --> ____
    • bordetella
    • haemophilus
  42. Gram +
    Staph (not mrsa) ---> Tx ____
    strep --> Tx ____
    Enteroccus/listeria --> Tx ___
    *vanc is best alt. w/ pts who have a penicillin allergy.
    • nafcillin
    • pen G or ceftriaxone
    • ampicillin
  43. Drugs for CA-MRSA _____
    TMP-SMX, Clindamycin, Doxyclycline, Linezolid, Rifampin
  44. (Gram -)
    drugs for E. coli, Klebsiella, Proteus
    • 2nd generation Cephalosporins
    • 3rd generation cephalosporins
    • 4th generation cephalosporins
    • Augmentin
    • Zosyn
    • Carbapenems
    • Aztreonam
    • Quinolones
    • Aminoglycosides
  45. (Gram -)
    drugs for enterobacter, serratia, citrobacter
    • 3rd and 4th generation cephalosporin
    • zosyn
    • carbapenems
    • aztreonam
    • quinolones
    • aminoglycosides
  46. gram -
    drugs for H influenzae
    • 2, 3, 4th generation cephalosporin
    • augmentin
    • zosyn
    • carbapenems
    • aztresonam
    • quinolones
    • aminoglycosides
  47. (gram -)
    drugs for neisseria
    • 2, 3, 4th generation ephalosporin
    • augmentin
    • zosyn
    • carbapenems
    • aztresonam
    • quinolones
  48. Gram +
    drugs for MSSA
    • Augmentin
    • naficillin
    • cephalosporins
    • carbapenems
    • quinolones
    • TMP-SMX
    • clindamycin
  49. Gram +
    drugs for Coag-Staph
    • naficillin
    • zosyn
    • carbapenems
    • quinolones
  50. Gram +
    drugs for Strep group A+B
    • natural PCN (PCN G)
    • amino PCN (ampicillin Amoxicillin)
    • Augmentin Unasym
    • zosyn
    • cephalosporin
    • carbapenems
    • quiolones
    • macrolides
    • tetracyclines
    • TMP SMX
    • Clindamycin
  51. Gram +
    Drugs for Strep pneumoniae
    • PCN G
    • Amino PCN
    • Augmentin Unasym
    • Nafcillin di

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