Patient Drug Groups - Module 7

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boyblue666
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239948
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Patient Drug Groups - Module 7
Updated:
2013-10-17 02:36:19
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Patient Drug Groups Module EEAT
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Patient Drug Groups - Module 7 - EEAT
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  1. Beta-Blockers
    • Examples
    • - Bisoprolol
    • - Atenolol
    • - Propranolol

    • Indications
    • - Hypertension
    • - Cardiac Arrhythmias
    • - Heart Failure
    • - Anxiety
    • - Angina

    • Mechanism
    • - Antagonise adrenoreceptors, decreasing cardiac contractility and heart rate.
  2. SSRI's
    • Examples
    • - Fluoxetine (Prozac)
    • - Citalopram
    • - Paroxetine

    • Indications
    • - Anxiety
    • - Depressive Illness
    • - Eating Disorders
    • - Panic Disorders


    • Mechanism of action
    • - Blocks the reuptake of serotonin at the serotonin reuptake pump of the neuronal membrane, enhancing the actions of serotonin on 5HT1A autoreceptors
  3. Antibiotics
    • Examples
    • - Trimethroprin
    • - Benzylpenicillin
    • - Chloraphenicol

    • Indications
    • - Bacterial Infections

    • Mechanism
    • - Inhibits nucleic synthesis
    • - Inhibits cell wall synthesis
    • - Inhibits protein synthesis
  4. Anti-histamines
    • Examples
    • - Loratadine
    • - Cetirizine
    • - Chlorpheniramine

    • Indications
    • - Allergy Relief
    • - Chronic Idopathic urticaria

    • Mechanism
    • Competes with histamine for binding at H1-receptor sites on the effector cell surface, resulting in suppression of histaminic edema, flare, and pruritus.
  5. Loop Diuretics
    • Examples
    • - Bumetanide
    • - Furosemide
    • - Torasemide

    • Indications
    • - Pulmonary Oedema due to left ventricular failure
    • - Chronic Heart Failure
    • - Diuretic resistant oedema
    • - Occasionally Hypertension


    • Mechanism
    • - inhibits water reabsorption in the nephron by blocking the sodium-potassium-chloride cotransporter (NKCC2) in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle.
  6. Tricyclic Antidepressants
    • Examples
    • - Amitriptyline
    • - Desipramine
    • - Doxepin

    • Indications
    • - Depression
    • - Neuropathic pain
    • - Migraine Prophylaxis
    • - Diabetic Nueropathy

    • Mechanism
    • inhibits the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin almost equally
  7. ACE Inhibitors
    • Examples
    • - Ramipril
    • - Lisinopril
    • - Perindopril

    • Indications
    • - Hypertension
    • - Heart Failure
    • - Reducing further damage in diabetic nephropathy

    • Mechanism
    • - Prevents the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, which stops vasoconstriction and promotes vasodilation.
  8. NSAIDs
    • Examples
    • - Ibuprofen
    • - Aspirin
    • - Diclofenac

    • Indications
    • - Pain
    • - Arthritis


    • Mechanism
    • - Inhibits COX
    • Its pharmacological effects are believed to be due to inhibition cylooxygenase-2 (COX-2) which decreases the synthesis of prostaglandins involved in mediating inflammation, pain, fever and swelling
  9. Proton Pump Inhibitors
    • Examples
    • - Lansoprazole
    • - Omeprazole
    • - Rabeprazle

    • Indications
    • - Gastric and duodenal ulcer
    • - GERD
    • - Acid related dyspepsia

    • Mechanism
    • Suppresses gastric acid secretion by specific inhibition of the H+/K+ ATPase at the secretory surface of the gastric parietal cell.
  10. Anti-Coagulants
    • Examples
    • - Warfarin
    • - Clexane

    • Indications
    • - AF
    • - Stroke
    • - DVT
    • - Pacemaker insertion
    • - Post operative prophylaxis

    • Mechanism
    • Inactivates thrombin which stops clots forming.

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