______ – AKA __________, made up of some
16-17 different individually named bones that supports the base of the tongue, the pharynx, and larynx and helps the animal swallow.
Hyoid Bone; hyoid apparatus
_________ – is a single dorsally projecting process.
_________ – there are two laterally projecting bone and vary in size among vertebrae and act as sites for muscle attachment and leverage to move the spine and trunk.
_________ – are located on the cranial and caudal ends of the vertebral arches and help form the joints between adjacent vertebrae. Scientific name: the _____________.
Pre Zygapophysis and Post Zygapophysis.
The pelvic limb is directly connected to the
axial skeleton through the _________ that unites the pelvis with the spinal column
What is another name for the humerus?
What is the name for the forearm?
The articular surface for the scapula is the _____.
Joints where the bones are firmly united by
fibrous tissue are called _______.
Sutures uniting the skull bones
Joints that are capable of only a slight rocking movement are called _______.
intervertebral disks between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae, pubic symphysis, ischial symphysis and mandibular symphysis in some animals.
_________ are what we usually think of when we hear the word joint.
diarthroses also known as diarthrodial joint
temporal-mandibular joint, shoulder joint, tarsal joint, fetlock joint, phalanges, stifle joint, femur and acetabulum; humerus and scapula; ulna/radius and humerus; tibia/fibula and femur.
Hinge Joints – are also called ______. One joint surface swivels around another. The only movements possible are flexion and extension. The ____ is a good example.
Gliding Joints – are also known an ______. The main movement possible are flexion and extension, but some abduction and adduction
may also be possible. The ______ are good examples of gliding joint.
carpus and TMJ
Pivot joints are also known as ________. One bone pivots (rotates) on another. The only movement possible is rotation. Example:
Ball-and–Socket joints are also called ________. These joints permit flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, rotation, and circumduction. Examples: