Skeletal System - Part 2

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Author:
Marytaylor
ID:
239958
Filename:
Skeletal System - Part 2
Updated:
2013-10-11 14:52:46
Tags:
Canine Feline Vet Tech Skeletal System
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Description:
Metacarpals - part 2;
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  1. F
    Middle phalanges
  2. G, H, I, J, K
    • G - Digit II
    • H - Digit III
    • I - Digit IV
    • J - Digit V
    • K - Distal phalanges
  3. A
    Crest of ilium
  4. B
    Wing of ilium
  5. C & M
    Acetabular bone
  6. D
    Pubic tubercle
  7. E
    Body of the pubis
  8. F
    Acetabular notch
  9. G
    Tuberosity of the ischium
  10. H & I
    • H - Public symphysis
    • I - Ischial symphysis
  11. J
    Obturator foramen
  12. K
    Body of the ischium
  13. L
    Spine of the ischium
  14. N
    Spine of the ilium
  15. O
    Acetabulum
  16. A
    Greater trochanter
  17. B
    Trochanteric fossa
  18. C
    Head
  19. D
    Fovea capitis
  20. E
    Neck
  21. F
    Lesser trocanter
  22. G
    Intertrocanteric line
  23. H
    Medial condyle
  24. I
    Intercondyloid fossa
  25. J
    Lateral condyle
  26. K
    Medial epicondyle
  27. L
    Patellar surface
  28. M
    Lateral epicondyle
  29. A
    Lateral condyle
  30. B
    Spine
  31. C
    Medial condyle
  32. D
    Popliteal notch
  33. E
    Medial malleolus
  34. F
    Lateral malleolus
  35. G
    Tibial crest
  36. H
    Head
  37. I
    Lateral tuberosity
  38. J
    Tibial tuberosity
  39. K
    Medial tuberosity
  40. What is vertebral formula for dogs and cats?
    C7 T13 LS3 Cd0-23
  41. ______ – AKA __________, made up of some
    16-17 different individually named bones that supports the base of the tongue, the pharynx, and larynx and helps the animal swallow.
    Hyoid Bone; hyoid apparatus
  42. _________ – is a single dorsally projecting process.
    _________ – there are two laterally projecting bone and vary in size among vertebrae and act as sites for muscle attachment and leverage to move the spine and trunk.
    _________ – are located on the cranial and caudal ends of the vertebral arches and help form the joints between adjacent vertebrae. Scientific name: the _____________.
    • Spinous Process
    • Transverse Process
    • Articular Processes
    • Pre Zygapophysis and Post Zygapophysis.
  43. The pelvic limb is directly connected to the
    axial skeleton through the _________ that unites the pelvis with the spinal column
    sacroiliac joint
  44. What is another name for the humerus?
    What is the name for the forearm?
    • brachium
    • antebrachium
  45. The articular surface for the scapula is the _____.
    Glenoid cavity.
  46. Joints where the bones are firmly united by
    fibrous tissue are called _______.
    Scientific name:
    Descriptive name:
    Examples:
    • Fibrous Joints
    • synarthroses
    • immovable
    • Sutures uniting the skull bones
  47. Joints that are capable of only a slight rocking movement are called _______.
    Scientific name:
    Descriptive name:
    Examples:
    • Cartilaginous Joints
    • amphiarthrosis
    • Slightly movable
    • intervertebral disks between the bodies of adjacent vertebrae, pubic symphysis, ischial symphysis and mandibular symphysis in some animals.
  48. _________ are what we usually think of when we hear the word joint. 
    Scientific name:
    Descriptive name:
    Example:
    • Synovial joints
    • diarthroses also known as diarthrodial joint
    • Freely movable
    • temporal-mandibular joint, shoulder joint, tarsal joint, fetlock joint, phalanges, stifle joint, femur and acetabulum; humerus and scapula; ulna/radius and humerus; tibia/fibula and femur.
  49. Hinge Joints – are also called ______. One joint surface swivels around another. The only movements possible are flexion and extension. The ____ is a good example.
    • ginglymus joints
    • elbow joint
  50. Gliding Joints – are also known an ______. The main movement possible are flexion and extension, but some abduction and adduction
    may also be possible. The ______ are good examples of gliding joint.
    • arthrodial joints
    • carpus and TMJ
  51. Pivot joints are also known as ________. One bone pivots (rotates) on another. The only movement possible is rotation. Example: 
    • trochoid joints
    • Shoulder joint
  52. Ball-and–Socket joints are also called ________. These joints permit flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, rotation, and circumduction. Examples: 
    • spheroidal joints
    • shoulder and hip joints

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