SCI Polytrauma Terms

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brandikh
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239969
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SCI Polytrauma Terms
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2013-10-10 19:15:24
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SCI Polytrauma Terms
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SCI Polytrauma- for sure on test
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  1. intended to prevent skin breakdown,
    esp with posterior burns, grafts, or donor areas; small beads suspended by
    pressured, temperature-controlled airflow to distribute pt’s weight evenly
    air-fluidized bed
  2. removal of dead, damaged, or
    infected tissue to aid wound in healing
    debridement
  3. surgical complication in which a
    wound ruptures along a surgical suture
    dehiscence

  4. band of fibrous connective tissue enveloping, separating, or binding
    together muscles, organs, or other soft structures
    fascia
  5. reconstruction of a wound in which
    tissue is taken from a donor site and moved to a recipient site with an intact
    blood supply; done to fill dead space or cover exposed vital structures
    muscle flap
  6. bone infection
    osteomyelitis
  7. between urethra and perineal surface
    perineal-urethral fistula
  8. use of scissors, scalpels, or other
    sharp instruments to remove infected tissue
    sharp debridement
  9. damage of tissue as it slides over other tissue
    shearing

  10. long, narrow channel that allows escape of fluid
    sinus tract
  11. transplantation of skin
    skin graft

  12. layer of dead tissue surrounding living tissue
    slough
  13. buildup of tearing and damage
    beneath the skin; formed more often in wounds that extend past the surface
    layer of skin
    tunneling

  14. cutting the fibrous septae from the underlying fascia to free the wound
    edges and decrease tension, which allows faster healing and less scar spreading
    undermining
  15. § 
    interdisciplinary process designed to help the
    recovery of pts who have functional deficits
    acute rehabilitation
  16. § 
    total depletion of oxygen
    anoxia
  17. :  speechlessness caused by damage to parts of
    brain that control language
    aphasia
  18. § 
    : loss of ability to perform tasks or movements
    when asked, although they understand and are willing to
    apraxia
  19. § 
    lack of self-awareness, refers to when a person
    doesn’t realize they have a serious psychiatric illness
    anosognosia
  20. § 
    memory
    disturbance in which the person a person fabricates or misinterprets memories
    about oneself or the world, without intentions of deception
    confabulation
  21. § 
    sudden pause in bloodflow to brain, usually due
    to blockage of arteries to brain
    CVA or cerebrovascular accident
  22. § 
    syndrome characterized by difficulty properly
    directing and controlling energy and emotions
    disinhibition
  23. difficult speaking due to weak
    or unmovable facial muscles
    dysarthria
  24. regular
    occurrence of unstable, disproportionate emotional displays
    emotional lability
  25. known for a network of comfort homes where
    families of veterans can stay for free or low cost while a loved one is
    receiving medical treatment
    Fisher House
  26. :  scale
    to describe responsiveness, from 3-15, with a total score of 3-8 for someone
    who is in a coma; assesses eye opening responses, verbal responses, and motor
    responses
    Glasgow Coma Scale
  27. weakness on one side of the bbody
    hemiparesis
  28. § 
    process of bone tissue formation at an abnormal
    site, usually in soft tissue
    heterotopic ossification
  29. pressure inside the skull
    intracranial pressure (ICP)
  30. blast by improvised explosive device
    IED blasts
  31. § 
    :  common
    after a brain injury; characterized by headaches, memory loss, attention and
    concentration impairments, decreased producttivty, and general lack of mental
    energy
    neurofatigue
  32. § 
    continual involuntary repetition of a mental
    act, usually verbal or another form of overt behavior
    perseveration
  33. § 
    develops after a person is exposed to traumatic
    events; pt may experience depression, anxiety, OCD, etc
    PTSD
  34. § 
    medical
    scale to assess a pt after a closed head injury, including TBI, based on
    cognition and behavior, as they emerge from a coma
    Rancho Los Amigos Scale of Cognitive Functioning
  35. SIADH (syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion)
    • causes the
    • body to retain water while electrolytes in blood decrease; often due to head
    • trauma or diseased hypothalamus
  36. feelings of stiffness
    and a wide range of involuntary muscle spasms; can interfere with walking,
    movement, or speech
    spasticity
  37. assessment measure of burns of the skin; used to determine the total percentage
    of area that is affected
    TBSA; total body surface area
  38. an
    area or place in which important military events occur or are progressing
    theater (warfare)
  39. § 
    neurosurgical procedure in which a hole is
    creating within a cerebral ventricle to drain it of fluid
    ventriculostomy
  40. surgery to treat excess cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
    in the brain in order to relieve pressure
    ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt

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