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  1. The ideology of revolutionary republicanism?:
    borrowed ideas from a variety of former Whig and Enlightenment thinkers.
  2. Colonial Committees of Correspondence were created to?:
    publicize grievances against England.
  3. Which of the following is an accurate description of the Sons of Liberty, created in 1765?:
    this inter-colonial association was created by the elite in an attempt to channel crowd action into acceptable forms of resistance.
  4. Which of the following had the least significance in providing experience and concepts that were used by the colonists in their arguments and fight for independence?:
    the development by the colonists of crops for export.
  5. The Declaratory Act of 1766?:
    stated that parliament had the power to make laws binding on the colonies.
  6. One accomplishment of the First Continental Congress was to?:
    petition the king to recognize the colonists' rights.
  7. The Molasses Act was intended to enforce England's mercantilist policies by?:
    forcing the colonists to buy sugar from other British colonies rather than from foreign producers.
  8. A writ of assistance?:
    allowed the British to ransack a colonial merchant's house in search of illegal goods.
  9. Events in the late 1760s and early 1770s helped to bring about a new consensus in the colonies. What was the consensus?:
    that Parliament had no lawmaking authority over the colonies except for the right to regulate imperial commerce.
  10. During the early 1770s, the patriots sought freedom from parliamentary authority but continued to pledge allegiance to the king. This patriot position was difficult for the British to understand because?:
    in the British mind the king was part of Parliament and the two could not be separated.
  11. This document, proposed by Lord North, promised any colony that would provide for its own government and defense virtual immunity from taxation. This plan was rejected by the colonies.
    Resolution on Reconciliation
  12. A series of new duties enacted by Parliament on widely used colonial products, this legislation established the vice-admiralty courts to enforce British trade laws.
    townshend acts
  13. This was adopted by the First Continental Congress and it promised obedience to the king, but denied Parliament the right to tax the colonies.
    declaration of rights and grievances
  14. This political agitator led the Boston Tea Party and attended the First Continental Congress as a delegate from Massachusetts.
    Samuel Adams
  15. This work, written by John Dickinson, protested against the Townshend Acts and questioned the right of Parliament to levy "external" duties to raise revenue in the colonies.
    letters from a pennsylvania farmer
  16. The second of Grenville's revenue measures, it led to the Virginia Resolve and colonial congress.
    stamp act
  17. The ability of colonial legislatures in the 18c to initiate money bills, specifying the amount to be raised and its uses.
    power of the purse
  18. A final attempt by moderates in the Continental Congress to prevent an all-out war with Britain.
    olive branch petition
  19. It recognized the religion freedom of Canada's largely Catholic population; the American colonists saw this as a British attempt to disregard the colonies' western land claims and surround them with Catholic allies of the British Crown.
    quebec act
  20. In an attempt to bring the Iroquois into the Seven Years' War and deal with other military affairs, this proposal, drafted by Benjamin Franklin, presented the idea that colonial defense problems should be handled by a royally-appointed president-general and a federal council of delegates chosen by the colonies. It was rejected by the colonies and the Iroquois remained neutral during the war.
    albany plan of union
  21. This legislation was a defense of Parliament's sovereignty over the colonies; it was passed to compensate for the repeal of the Stamp Act.
    declaratory acts
  22. George Washington's primary goal as commander-in-chief of the continental Army was to?:
    avoid decisive military losses.
  23. Some Indian nations joined the British during the Revolutionary War because?:
    they believed that a British victory would restrain American expansion into the West
  24. White residents in South Carolina and Georgia were more restrained in their revolutionary expressions than were counterparts in other colonies because they were?:
    fearful that talk of rebellion would inspire slaves to revolt.
  25. In order to become a law, a bill in Congress must?:
    pass both houses of Congress in identical form.
  26. Under the Constitution, the status of the western Indian tribes was?:
    not clearly defined.
  27. In the Constitutional Convention, voting qualifications were made residual powers because of the?:
    widespread variation of voting requirements in the states.
  28. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the function of the "elastic clause" of the Constitution?:
    it gives Congress greater powers than those explicitly delegated to it.
  29. In James Madison's tenth Federalist, the most dangerous threat to the U. S. Constitution was presented by?:
    factions
  30. According to the U. S. Constitution, revenue bills must originate with?:
    house of representatives
  31. The Constitution was written to make it difficult for the majority of the population to impress their will on the federal government. Which of the following gave the people the most impact on the federal government?:
    length of the term of office for members of the House of Representatives.
  32. The Constitution failed to address an issue concerning the Native Americans that would dictate their future relationship with whites. This issue was?:
    tribal sovereignty over their lands.
  33. The positions of loose construction and strict construction of the Constitution were first established in letters written by Hamilton and Jefferson to President Washington. The letters concerned?:
    the issue of creating a Bank of the United States.
  34. The Jay Treaty (1794) provided for?:
    evacuation of English troops from their posts along the Great Lakes.
  35. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established what precedent for new territories?:
    equality of new states with old.
  36. The Judiciary Act of 1789?:
    established a system of lower federal courts.
  37. Washington's Farewell Address in 1796?:
    warned against the dangers of permanent foreign alliances.
  38. The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions argued that the right to determine the constitutionality of a law passed by Congress rested in?:
    the states.
  39. While Chief Justice John Marshall presided over the Supreme Court, its decisions?:
    laid the groundwork for a "broad" interpretation of the Constitution.
  40. The Federalists made a last gasp attempt to maintain power by?:
    creating new federal courts and judges.
  41. In the election of 1796?:
    the Federalist party divided when southern Federalists refused to support Adams.
  42. The power of the U. S. government that derives from the so-called "elastic clause" of the U. S. Constitution.
    implied powers
  43. This meeting was called by Alexander Hamilton and others to talk about the lowering of taxes and tariffs to increase trade between the states.
    annapolis conference
  44. The power granted to the U. S. government that the Constitution mentions directly and explicitly.
    delegated powers
  45. The ideology of revolutionary republicanism?:
    borrowed ideas from a variety of former Whig and Enlightenment thinkers.

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