Mis chapter 1 key terms

Card Set Information

Mis chapter 1 key terms
2013-10-10 22:56:32
MIS Exam

Mis chapter 1 key terms
Show Answers:

  1. BYOD
    Bring your own device; the trend of employees increasingly using their own devices for work-related purposes.
  2. Cloud computing
    A computing model enabling ubiquitous, convenient, on demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources.(ex networks, servers, storage, applications and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal management effort or service provider interaction.
  3. Competitive advantage
    A firm's ability to do something better, faster, cheaper or uniquely when compared with rival firms in the market.
  4. Computer ethics
    A broad range of issues and standards of conduct that have emerged through the use and proliferation of information systems.
  5. Computer fluency
    The ability to independently learn new technologies as they emerge and assess their impact on ones work and life.
  6. Computer literacy
    The knowledge of how to operate a computer.
  7. Computer based information system
    A combination of hardware, software, and telecommunication networks that people build and use to collect, create, and distribute data.
  8. Consumerization of IT
    The trend of technological innovations first being introduced in the consumer marketplace before being used by organizations.
  9. Data privacy statement
    A statement on a web site containing information about what data are gathered, what they are used for, who will have access to the data, whether provision of the data is required or voluntary, and how confidentiality will be ensured.
  10. Digital divide
    The gap between those individuals in our society who are computer literate and have access to information resources such as the internet and those who do not.
  11. Downsizing
    The practice of slashing costs and streamlining operations by laying off employees.
  12. Globalization
    The integration of economies throughout the world, enabled by innovation and technological progress.
  13. Hardware
    Physical computer equipment, such as the computer monitor, central processing unit, or keyboard.
  14. Information
    Data that have been formatted and/or organized in some way as to be useful to people.
  15. Information age
    A period or time in society when information became a valuable or dominant currency.
  16. Information privacy
    An ethical issue that is concerned with what information an individual should have to reveal to others through the course of employment or through other transactions such as online shopping.
  17. Information system (IS)
    A combination of hardware, software, and telecommunications networks that people build and use to collect, create, and distribute useful data; this term is also used to represent the field in which people develop, use, manage, and study computer-based information systems in organizations.
  18. Information technology (IT)
    The hardware, software, and networking components of an information system.
  19. Intellectual property (IP)
    Creations of the mind that are of commercial value.
  20. Internetworking
    Connecting host computers and their networks to form even larger networks.
  21. Knowledge
    A body of governing procedures such as guidelines or rules that are used to organize or manipulate data to make it suitable for a given task.
  22. Knowledge society
    A term coined by Peter Drucker to refer to a society in which education is the cornerstone of society and there is an increase in the importance of knowledge workers.
  23. Knowledge worker
    A term coined by Peter Drucker to refer to professionals who are relatively well-educated and who create, modify, and/or synthesize knowledge as a fundamental part of their jobs.
  24. Management information system (MIS)
    An information system designed to support the management of organizational functions at the managerial level of the organization.
  25. Office automation system (OAS)
    A collection of software and hardware for developing documents, scheduling resources, and communicating.
  26. Opt-in
    To signal agreement to the collection/further use of one's data
  27. Opt-out
    To signal that data cannot be collected/used in other ways.
  28. Outsourcing
    The moving of routine jobs and/or tasks to people in another firm.
  29. Post-pc era
    An era characterized by the proliferation of new device form factors, such as tablets or smartphones, which compliment or even replace traditional PC's and laptops.
  30. Software
    A program (or set of programs) that tells the computer to perform certain processing functions.
  31. Strategic
    A way of thinking in which plans are made to accomplish specific long-term goals.
  32. Systems integration
    Connecting separate information systems and data to improve business processes and decision making.
  33. Telecommunications network
    A group of two or more computer systems linked together with communications equipment.
  34. Transaction processing system (TPS)
    An information system designed to process day-to-day business-event data at the operational level of the organization.