PA test

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coal
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240076
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PA test
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2013-10-11 13:12:02
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PA test
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  1. greater than 100 bpm
    tachycardia
  2. the 6 cardinal positions of gaze test these muscles
    extraocular
  3. brand medication used for seizures that is associated with weight loss
    topamax
  4. when recording this we list the rate, thythm, and strength
    pulse
  5. top number in blood pressure measurement
    systolic
  6. the L part of scholar
    location
  7. class of medications that causes respiratory depression and pinpoint pupils
    opiods
  8. skin tenting that does not go away is a sign of this
    dehydration
  9. normal capillary refill should occur within this number of seconds
    3
  10. earpieces should point towards this when inserted into the ears
    nose
  11. the first step in the 5 part exam technique
    inspection
  12. a disease state in which you hear wheezes
    asthma
  13. gold standard for blood pressure measurement
    mercury
  14. jugular venous pressure gives you information about this side of the heart
    right
  15. this lung has two lobes
    right
  16. type of percussion sound you would hear over a normal lung
    resonant
  17. vasotec has this rare but serious side effect
    angiedema
  18. artery used for auscultating blood pressure sounds
    brachial
  19. side of the stethoscope used to assess blood pressure
    bell
  20. this generic medication is associated with steven Johnson's syndrome and gingival hyperplasia
    phenytoin
  21. absence of breathing
    apnea
  22. common cause of kussmaul's breathing
    diabetic ketoacidosis
  23. quick and easy test to assess for mental status
    fogs
  24. artery located at wrist and used for assessing pulse
    radial
  25. the O in SOAP
    objective
  26. eye chart test used to assess far vision
    snellen
  27. herpes zoster illicits this type of rash
    vesicular
  28. located at the 5th intercostal space
    PMI
  29. disease state that increases tactile fremitus
    pneumonia
  30. SBP 120-139 and or DBP 80-89
    prehypertension
  31. heart sound heard best at the base of the heart
    S2
  32. abnormal lung sounds heard in patient with CHF
    crackles
  33. an abnormal sound that can be heard when auscultating the carotid artery
    bruit
  34. difficulty breathing in supine position
    orthopnea
  35. ABCDE's of skin cancer
    • Asymmetry
    • Border irregularity
    • Color variation
    • Diameter >6mm
    • Elevation, Enlargement
  36. normal is 12-20
    respiratory rate
  37. this medication is FDA approved to treat diabetic peripheral neuropathy
    lyrica
  38. we tell patients that use inhalers to rinse the mouth out after use to avoid this
    thrush
  39. side of the hand that we use to assess temperature
    dorsal
  40. high pitched musical sound heard during breathing
    wheeze
  41. technique used to locate organ borders, identify shapes, and utilizes a shorp tapping technique
    percussion
  42. normal breathing rate or pattern
    eupnea
  43. S1 sound is this valve closing
    mitral
  44. can lead to brown patchy hyperpigmentation or light exposed area
    anticonvulsants
  45. can lead to patchy irregular blue-black or gray lesions
    antimalarials
  46. can lead to areas of bronze color and eventually can be violet or gray with ling term exposure
    phenothiazines
  47. can lead to brown macules on the cheeks, forehead or upper lip
    oral contraceptives
  48. can lead to a blue color on previously inflamed skin with prolonged high dose therapy
    tetracycline
  49. black coloration of the thyroid has been reported with prolonged use and also discoloration of teeth
    minocycline
  50. can lead to gray-blue discoloration on 10% of patients
    amiodarone
  51. can lead to cushing's disease
    excessive glucocorticosteroids
  52. can lead to myxedema
    insufficient thyroid replacement
  53. can lead to exopthalmos
    • insufficient antithyroid
    • lithium
    • GCS
  54. can lead to goiter
    • excessive PTU
    • lithium
    • iodine
  55. what is PERRLA
    pupils equally round and reactive to light and accomodation
  56. drugs causing loss of accommodation
    anticholinergics
  57. drugs causing dilated pupils
    • anticholinergics
    • sympathomimetics
  58. drugs causing nystagmus
    • phenytoin
    • lithium
    • cytarabine
  59. eye test to check near vision
    rosenbaum
  60. test to check retinal and optic disc
    opthalmascopic exam
  61. method of checking ears in and adult and child with an otoscope
    • adult - pull up and back
    • child - pull down and back
  62. test performed by rubbing fingers outside of patients ears
    auditory activity
  63. ear exam checking for lateralization, with fork on forehead
    weber test
  64. ear exam testing for AC vs BC
    rinne test
  65. weber test showing sound increase in bad ear
    conduction loss
  66. weber test showing increase sound in good ear
    sensorineural loss
  67. central cyanosis is indicated by
    blue lips
  68. peripheral cyanosis is indicated by
    blue extremities
  69. disease state with the loss of melanocytes
    vitiligo
  70. most common drug induced skin reaction
    maculopapular rash
  71. these account for 25% of skin reactions
    urticaria
  72. the 5 steps in exam technique
    • inspection
    • palpation
    • percussion
    • auscultation
    • olfaction
  73. nail disorder that may indicate recent acute or severe illness
    Mees' lines
  74. nail disorder that may indicate psoriasis
    pitting
  75. nail disorder that may indicate chronic hypoxia from heart, lung, or liver disease
    clubbing
  76. nail disorder that could indicate fungal infection
    onychomycosis
  77. drugs that could cause nail deformity
    • cyclosporine
    • gold salts
    • mitoxantrone
    • tetracyclines
  78. drugs that could cause nail dystrophy
    lithium
  79. drugs that could cause nail pigmentation
    • timolol
    • zidovudine
  80. drugs that could cause hair color change
    • valproic acid
    • chemo
  81. drugs that change body fluids to a reddish-orange color
    • rifampin
    • phenazopyridine
  82. SCHOLAR
    • Symptoms
    • Characteristics
    • History
    • Onset
    • Location
    • Aggravating factors
    • Remitting factors
  83. S1 sound
    closing of the mitral and tricuspid valves
  84. S2 sound
    closing of the pulmonic and aortic valves
  85. an abnormal sound when auscultating the aorta
    aneurism
  86. this landmark is parallel to the 2nd rib
    sternal angel
  87. murmur grading
    1-6, 6 being the worst
  88. MR AS(S)
    MS AR(D)
    • systolic
    •   mitral regurgitation
    •   aortic stenosis
    • diastolic
    •   mitral stenosis
    •   aortic regurgitation
  89. use this end of the stethoscope to auscultate the carotids
    bell
  90. 4 classifications of blood pressure
    • <120/<80 - normal
    • 120-139/80-89 - prehypertension
    • 140-159/90-99 - stage 1 hypertension
    • >160/>100 - stage 2 hypertension
  91. difficulty breathing where you wake up gasping
    paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
  92. main difference between arterial and venous insufficiency
    • venous - there is edema and no gangrene
    • arterial - usually has a lot of symptoms
  93. what is a normal pulse rating
    2+
  94. joints are move by the patient
    active ROM
  95. joints are move by the examiner
    passive ROM
  96. joint motion moving away from the midline of the body
    abduction
  97. joint motion moving toward the midline of the body
    adduction
  98. joint motion moving in a circle
    circumduction
  99. joint motion bending at a joint
    flexion
  100. joint motion straightening at a joint
    extension
  101. joint motion moving inward
    inversion
  102. joint motion moving outward
    eversion
  103. joint motion moving around an axis
    rotation
  104. joint motion moving forward
    protraction
  105. joint motion moving backward
    retraction
  106. muscle strength grading scale
    1-5, 5 being the best
  107. GI disorder that is relieved by food
    PUD
  108. order of exam techniques for the abdomen
    • inspection
    • auscultation
    • palpation
    • percussion
  109. liver and gallbladder are located in what quadrant
    RUG
  110. spleen is located in what quadrant
    LUQ
  111. appendix is located in what quadrant
    RLQ
  112. the 9 F's of abdominal distention
    • fat
    • fluid
    • feces
    • fetus
    • flatus
    • full baldder
    • fatal tumor
    • fibroid
    • false pregnancy
  113. normal size of liver determined by percussion
    6-12 cm at MCL
  114. rebound tenderness is a sign of what disease
    peritoneal irritation
  115. costovertebral angle tenderness is a sign of what disease
    pyelonephritis
  116. rovsing's sign is indicative of what disease state
    appendicitis
  117. common cause of cheyne-stokes breathing problem
    increasing intracranial pressure
  118. common cause of Biot's breathing disorder
    spinal meningitis
  119. normal rate of breathing but deep respirations
    hyperpnea
  120. common cause of apneustic breathing
    lesion in brain stem
  121. breath sound heard over most of both lungs
    vesicular
  122. breath sound usually heard over the trachea and larynx
    bronchial
  123. breath sound heard over major bronchi and between scapulae
    bronchovesicular
  124. disease states where there is decreased tactile fremitus
    • COPD
    • obstruction
    • pleural effusion
    • pneumothorax
    • tumor
    • thick chest wall
  125. abnormal lung sound heard in patient with bronchitis or pneumonia
    rhonchi
  126. abnormal lung sound heard in patient with pleuritis
    friction rub
  127. grading scale for deep tendon reflexes
    0-4, 0 = no reflex, 2 = normal, 4 = hyperactive
  128. A positive (+) Babinski sign is
    abnormal

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