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What is anxiety?
nonspecific, unpleasant feeling of discomfort with physiological and psychological symptoms that generally result from a perception of threat to safety and sercurity (subconscious)
What is fear?
identify cause easily; consciuously recognize
What is maturational anxiety?
Experiences that are expected as part of the normal process of growth and development for most individuals in a particular society
Ex: start school, leave school, develop relationships, become employed, start a family
What is situational anxiety?
less predictable, and specific actions are taken only when the threat is eminent or after the event has occured
Ex: purchasing life, health, or car ins bc of likelihood of accident or illness, natural disasters, hurricanes, floods, etc.
What is mild +1 anxiety?
- constructive/motivator; discuss source of anxiety; problem solve; accept anxiety as natural; tolerate and benefit from it
- Psychomotor: energentic, fidgeting, muscle tension, good eye contact
- Emotional: slight irritability, feeling challenged, confident
- Cognitive: alert, awware, concentration, attentiveness
What is moderate +2 anxiety?
- destructive; decrease anxiety-ventilation, crying, exercise, relaxation techniques. Refocus attention; relate feelings and behaviors to anxiety; then use problem solving techniques; give oral meds if needed
- Psychomotor: increased BP, pulse and respirations, slight perspiration, startle reflex
- Emotional: motivated to decrease anxiety, increased irritability, decrease confidence
- Cognitive: difficukty concentrating, tangentiality, loose association
what is severe +3 anxiety?
- decrease anxiety, stimuli, and presure. Use kind, firm, simple directions. Use time out (seclusion). give IM injection if needed
- Psychomotor: extreme muscle tension, rapid pacing, reflex responses
- Emotional: extreme discomfort, feeling of dread, hypersensitivity
- Cognitive: distorted perception, difficulty focusing, flight of ideas, disorientation
What is Panic +4 anxiety?
- guide firmly or take physical control. Give IM injection. Order restraints, if needed
- Psychomotor: actual fight or flight, suicide attempts, eyes fixed, incoherent
- Emotional: rage, depression, feeling totally drained
- Cognitive: word salad, clang association, neologisms, disorganized perceptions
health or ability to perform and function
self esteem or self respect
control or power over one's life
status or prestige
freedom or independence
needs, goals, desires, and expectations
losses/threats related to anxiety
Sub exp that can only be detected by Obj behaviors that result from it
apprehensions, fearfulness, or a sense of powerlessness resulting from a threat that is less visible or definable than fear that has a visible object or trigger
warning sign of percieved threat or danger
emotional response that triggers behaviors
alerting to prepare for self defense
occuring in degrees
contagious: communicated to one another
part of a process, not an isolated phonomenon
description of anxiety