Human Behavior and the Social Environment (HBSE)- Midterm

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catomanski
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240205
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Human Behavior and the Social Environment (HBSE)- Midterm
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2013-11-03 12:51:34
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Social Work
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Note cards for the HBSE 1 midterm
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  1. Theory
    A series of relatively abstract/general statements which explain why something is or predict what will happen next.
  2. Synonyms for Theory
    • Paradigm
    • Model
    • Perspective
  3. Deductive Reasoning
    • Conclusions are reached by drawing from general laws to a particular case.
    • Ex: "This law states...so that means..."
  4. Inductive Reasoning
    • General laws are obtained from a particular case.
    • Ex: "From this case, it is obvious that..."
  5. Theories of human behavior help us to...
    • Organize knowledge
    • Understand human behavior in its context (physical, psychological, transpersonal, and social)
  6. Focal System
    System of interest; the client or group you are working with.
  7. Supra-system
    Systems outside of the focal system. Ex: hospitals, schools, jobs ,etc.
  8. Sub-systems
    • Systems within the focal system.
    • Ex: for an individual this would be behavior, or interpersonal skills. For a family this would be the individual family members,
  9. Evidence Based Practice
    • Started at George Mason University
    • Formed to help practitioners help diverse clients with diverse problems and know what works for different circumstances.
  10. Why is evidence based practice important?
    • Allows us to replicate knowledge
    • Allows us to get the client the best treatment in a timely manner
    • give us a framework
    • allows us to guide the client toward successful intervention.
    • Tells you the cost and benefits of the intervention
    • Can see how a particular demographic(s) is impacted by the intervention.
  11. Think tank
    • Independent organizations that are dedicated to creating knowledge in a specific area.
    • Ex: NIMH or other credible research organizations
  12. Confirmation bias
    When researchers are focused on a certain answer and only focus on answers which confirm your answer.
  13. Issues with evidence based practice
    • costly
    • time consuming
    • Based on inductive reasoning (building knowledge from observation up)
    • May not be enough research about the intervention you need
  14. Practice Wisodom
    • Knowledge you gain from experience which is used to help clients.
    • More experienced social workers- like supervisors- are more likely to have this.
  15. Issues with practice wisdom
    • Risky
    • Difficult to measure and replicate
    • Not scientifically based
    • more likely to be set in their ways and make errors.
  16. 3 requirements for practice wisdom
    • Credible and valuable knowledge.
    • Distinct knowledge -productive process.
    • Being able to reason why something is effective.
  17. Parenting- Nature Vs. Nurture
    • Both nature and nurture are important
    • studies of separated twins shows striking similarities despite differences in upbringing.
    • nature and nurture interact
  18. How do nature and nurture interact?
    • environment + genes
    • environment X genes
  19. Other factors that influence nature and nurture (PSSE)
    • Personality
    • Social environment
    • Socioeconomic status
    • Environmental Factors
  20. Ways of understanding theories
    • People experience similar things differently.
    • Different theories can explain similar things (equafinalty)
  21. Lolly Reading
    Individual behavior is not overt, it is impacted by underlying social and personal values.
  22. Structural Determinism
    • The structures that exist in society directly impact human behavior.
    • Located in the bottom right of the graph.
  23. Positivist theories
    • causes and outcomes of behavior can be examined.
    • Behavioral theories and Learning theory.
    • Helped bring social science closer to hard science by focusing on quantitative, observable data.
    • located in the top right of the graph.
  24. Symbolic interaction theories
    • Society assigns meaning to symbols and people act based on those symbols.
    • Role Theory, looking glass self, labeling theory, and self-fulfilling prophecy.
    • Ex: gender
    • located in the top left corner.
  25. Existentialism/emacipationism
    • Everyone has to create their own meaning for existence.
    • Self-actualization
    • the meaning we create based on a certain experience --> certain outcomes.
    • Ex: Traumatic events
  26. Psychological theories of personality
    • Psychodynamic
    • Psychoanalytic
    • Neo- Freudian
    • Behavioral
    • Feminist Theory
    • Phenomenological
  27. Psychodynamic Theory
    • Model of personality develpoment based on conflict between different levels of needs/wants.
    • early childhood experiences¬†
    • used in SWOK with individuals and groups
    • pathological or adaptive functioning
  28. What category of theories does Psychodynamic theory belong in?
    Structural Determinism b/c early childhood experiences determine personality development.
  29. 4 ideological trends found in Freud's work
    • Victorian Morality
    • Darwin's vision of human evolution
    • People are generally good (Rousseau)
    • Primacy of science
  30. Unconscious
    Beliefs, drives, desires we are not aware of
  31. Preconscious
    Drives, beliefs, desires, or knowledge we can conjurer when needed.
  32. Conscious
    Part of the mind that is aware.
  33. Id
    • instinctual drives you are born with.
    • Unconscious and present at birth
  34. Ego
    • Conscious and precocious develops from the Id to control it's impulses.
    • Helps distinguish self from others.
  35. Superego
    • Judgement. Determines and analyzes between right and wrong.
    • Arises fomr the ego based on internalization of society's/parent's values.
    • sometimes referred to as internal conscious.
  36. Freud's stages of development.
    • Oral
    • Anal
    • Phallic
    • Latency stage
    • Genital stage
  37. Oral Stage
    • Birth-12 or 18 months
    • Primary activities focused around the mouth and on taking or receiving.
  38. Anal Stage
    • 18m-3 yrs
    • Potty Training
    • Attention focused on expulsion and retention of waste
    • Those stuck in this stage either very messy or very clean
  39. Phallic Stage
    • 3-5 yrs
    • Activity/stimulation is focused around the genitals (men).
    • Desire to love and be loved.
    • Oedipus complex.
    • Electra complex.
  40. Oedipus Complex
    • Occurs for boys in the Phallic stage
    • Is the desire to possess the mother.
    • Is key to normal psychosexual development.
    • Unresolved issues in this stage could lead to homosexuality or neurosis.
  41. Electra Complex
    • Occurs for girls in the phallic stage.
    • Is the desire to possess the father
    • Introduced my Carl Jung
  42. Latency Stage
    • 5-6 yrs
    • Sexual instinct repressed
    • Identification with same sex parent
    • superego strenghtens
  43. Genital Stage
    • Puberty +
    • Libedo directed at opposite sex partner.
  44. Hysterical Paralysis
    Repressed traumatic experiences manifest themselves in physical/somatic symptoms.
  45. Defense mechanisims
    • Transference
    • Reaction Formation
    • Compensation
    • Repression
    • Denial
    • Projection
    • identification
    • Regression
    • Rationalization
  46. Transference
    Clients unconsciously project repressed emotions and desires onto the analyst or other professional
  47. Compensation
    • Type of Transference
    • Struggling to make up for inferiority or weakness in other areas.
    • Ex: Guys with ridiculously large trucks with the testicles on the back...

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