MUSC 100 - Rhythm
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- series of equal durations
- (takes 3 equal beats to establish a pulse)
- results from repeated interonset durations
- onset of each duration in a pulse
- the beginning and the ending of the pulse's characteristic duration
What does a pulse provide?
Rhythmic cadence formula
- durational accents that pulls through the strong beat/down beat to create closure
- long note at the end of phrases
Pulses are inferred from...
- the synchronization of multiple time points
- the matter in which slower beats group faster beats
- a time point with two or more synchronized beats
- (down beat/strong beat)
- the more pulses that coincide, the stronger the accent/beat
- only possible after meter has been established (at least two measures after the beginning)
- shows how synchronized beats relate
- how tactus beats subdivide the slower beats
Repetitions tend to start...
at the same metric location as the beginnings of the originals
faster moving pulse train that doesn't coincide with slower pulse train
significant change from sound to silence
part of a segment that precedes the first strong beat
- meter with 2 pulses
- tactus is 2 (duple meter)
- 2/4, 6/8, 4/4
- meter with 3 or more pulses
- tactus divides by 3 (triple meter)
- 3/8, 9/8, 12/16
- a slow pulse divided by both a regular tactus and bu a repeated but irregular pattern of tactus
- 5/4, 7/4
meter in which the tactus has changing groupings
- a description of the processes in a composition, and the function of time points that are a part of them
- description of how later segments relate to earlier segments in the same piece of music
Name the 3 basic types of formal relations (form)
a distinctive, repeated series of durations
a pulse's rate of repetition measured in beats per minute
synchronization of pulses
when beats from different concurrent pulses regularly coincide
a duration, composed of shorter durations, with continuity
when an interonset duration starts before a beat and carries through the beat/ends after the beat.
when the last event of a segment is also the first event of the next segment (think Bach)
When identifying syncopation, one must always specify...
the pulse that is being syncopated against
the stronger an accent, the more it sounds like a...
important words (in lyrics) brought out through the use of various accents
increases interest and strengthens our understanding of the text
rhythmic development promotes...
rhythmic continuity establishes and maintains...
a pulse (no super long pauses between melodic notes)
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