MUSC 100 - Rhythm

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MUSC 100 - Rhythm
2013-10-14 20:27:01

Music Theory - Rhythm terms
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  1. pulse
    • series of equal durations
    • (takes 3 equal beats to establish a pulse)
    • results from repeated interonset durations
  2. beat
    • onset of each duration in a pulse
    • the beginning and the ending of the pulse's characteristic duration
  3. What does a pulse provide?
  4. Rhythmic cadence formula
    • durational accents that pulls through the strong beat/down beat to create closure
    • long note at the end of phrases
  5. Pulses are inferred from...
    regular accent
  6. meter
    • the synchronization of multiple time points
    • the matter in which slower beats group faster beats
  7. metric accent
    • a time point with two or more synchronized beats
    • (down beat/strong beat)
    • the more pulses that coincide, the stronger the accent/beat
    • only possible after meter has been established (at least two measures after the beginning)
  8. time signature
    • shows how synchronized beats relate
    • how tactus beats subdivide the slower beats
  9. Repetitions tend to start...
    at the same metric location as the beginnings of the originals
  10. weak beat
    faster moving pulse train that doesn't coincide with slower pulse train
  11. pulse train
    different subdivisions
  12. sonic accent
    significant change from sound to silence
  13. anacrusis
    part of a segment that precedes the first strong beat
  14. simple meter
    • meter with 2 pulses
    • tactus is 2 (duple meter)
    • 2/4, 6/8, 4/4
  15. compound meter
    • meter with 3 or more pulses
    • tactus divides by 3 (triple meter)
    • 3/8, 9/8, 12/16
  16. common time
    4/4 meter
  17. complex meter
    • a slow pulse divided by both a regular tactus and bu a repeated but irregular pattern of tactus
    • 5/4, 7/4
  18. changing meter
    meter in which the tactus has changing groupings
  19. form (2)
    • a description of the processes in a composition, and the function of time points that are a part of them
    • description of how later segments relate to earlier segments in the same piece of music
  20. Name the 3 basic types of formal relations (form)
    • repetition
    • variation
    • contrast
  21. durational motive
    a distinctive, repeated series of durations
  22. tempo
    a pulse's rate of repetition measured in beats per minute
  23. synchronization of pulses
    when beats from different concurrent pulses regularly coincide
  24. segment
    a duration, composed of shorter durations, with continuity
  25. syncopation
    when an interonset duration startsĀ before a beat and carriesĀ through the beat/ends after the beat.
  26. grouping overlap
    when the last event of a segment is also the first event of the next segment (think Bach)
  27. When identifying syncopation, one must always specify...
    the pulse that is being syncopated against
  28. the stronger an accent, the more it sounds like a...
  29. text accent
    important words (in lyrics) brought out through the use of various accents
  30. rhythmic variety...
    increases interest and strengthens our understanding of the text
  31. rhythmic development promotes...
    greater interest
  32. rhythmic continuity establishes and maintains...
    a pulse (no super long pauses between melodic notes)