Vocal style established in the Baroque, with a solo singer and instrumental accompaniment.
A group of nobles, poets, and composers who prepared the way for the beginning of opera.
Bass part of the Baroque accompaniment with figures (numbers) indicating the chords to be played.
baroque accompaniment made up of a bass part usually played by two instruments a keyboard plus a low melodic instrument
A system of slightly adjusting the tuning of intervals within the octave, thus making it possible to play in every major and minor key.
Doctrine of Affections
the theory that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions, or affections, of the listener
Male singer castrated before puberty to retain a high voice range; the most important category of vocal soloists in opera during the baroque period.
Drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment, usually a large-scale composition employing vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra, costumes, and scenery
musically heightened speech, often used in an opera, oratorio, or cantata to report dramatic action and advance the plot
Speechlike melody that is sung by a solo voice accompanied only by a basso continuo.
accompanied by orchestra
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
da capo aria
an aria in ABA form
an introductory movement, usually for orchestra, that precedes an opera, oratorio, or dance suite
Short orchestral work, found in Baroque opera, to facilitate scene changes.
Text of an opera.
Dramatist who writes the libretto, or text, of an opera.
lavish, spectacular court entertainment primarily during the late English Renaissance (early Baroque)
a dance form associated with sailors
a repeating melody, usually in the bass, throughout a vocal or instrumental composition
a multi–movement sacred work including arias, ariosos, and recitatives performed by vocal soloists, and chorus, and a small accompanying orchestra; became the musical core of the Sunday service of the Lutheran church
hymn tune sung to German religious text
Large-scale dramatic genre originating in the Baroque, based on a text or religious or serious character, performed by solo voices, chorus, and orchestra; similar to opera but without scenery, costumes, or action.
Set of dance-inspired movements
A rare female composer during the early 17th century.
Because of her more aristocratic standing, she would not perform in
public and was supported by her father financially. This allowed her to
avoid the restrictions many of her contemporaries had. She published
more cantatas than any other composer of the time.
Claudio Monteverdi (1567-1643)
-one of the most important composers of early baroque period
-created earliest decent opera (Orfeo)
-all his music is for voice
Sumer is icumin in
-one of the earliest examples of polyphony from England
-secular function: celebrate arrival of summer
-6 male voices, a capella
without instrumental accompaniment
without instrumental accompaniment
Latin “fixed melody”; An existing melody, often taken from a Gregorian
chant, on which a new polyphonic work is based; used especially for
melodies presented in long notes.
everyday language of people in a region or country
A 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority.
Josquin des Prez (1440-1521)
-wrote Ave Maria...Virgo Serena
-wrote masses, motets, and secular vocal
-Flemish (born in Hainaut province, now part of
Belgium)-considered a master of Renaissance music
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594)
-Italian wrote for Catholic church only
-important composer during the counter-reformation
-wrote Pope Marcellus Mass
Ordinary Mass ◦ Kyrie
◦ Agnus Dei
What are parts of the Proper of the Mass?
Communion, Introit, Gradual, Alleluia & Offertory
pastoral song; song for several singers with- out instruments
Slow, gliding Renaissance dance in duple meter performed by couples holding hands
fast triple meter dance; Italian
a round dance
composer, highly influential in the development of the italian madrigal
English madrigalist who composed "Fair Phyllis"
monophonic vocal music in the medieval church designed to project religious chants
Musical form of chanting in which one side of the choir responds to the other.
CommunitasOral tradition Lead by individual or small group Repetitive text, call and response, improvisation