Biology Exam 2

The flashcards below were created by user Damnwell on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Covers body surface, lines, organs and cavities, and makes most of glands
  2. Binds and supports body parts
    Connective tissue
  3. Moves body parts
    muscle tissue
  4. receives stimuli and send messages, stores information
    Nervous tissue
  5. What is structure of connective tissue?
    Widely scattered cells in a non-cellular matrix
  6. What is the structure of muscle tissue?
    Closely packed, mostly cylindrical cells
  7. What is the structure of Nervous tissue?
  8. What is an example of epithelial tissue?
    skin, mucus membranes, glands, lining of digestive system and lungs, coverings for all organs and linings of all cativies
  9. What are some examples of muscle Tissue?
    skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle
  10. What are some examples of connective tissue?
    • fibrous
    • supportive-cartilage and bone
    • fluid
  11. What are the five functions of the digestive system?
    • Ingestion-eating
    • digestion-breaking down food
    • movement-moves food along GI tract
    • absorption-nutrients pass to blood stream
    • Elimination-indigestible wastes are removed
  12. What is mechanically digestion?
    • large pieces are broken into smaller pieces
    • chewing
    • mixing and churning
  13. What is chemical digestion?
    enzymes break down polymers into monomers
  14. What is the function of the pharynx?
    passageway where food is swallowed
  15. What is the function of the esophagus
    passageway where peristalsis pushes food to stomach
  16. What is the function of the stomach?
    stores food and aids in digestion
  17. What is the function of the small intestine?
    • absorbs nutrients
    • secretes digestive hormones into blood
  18. What is the function of the large intestine?
    absorbs water and salt to form feces
  19. What is the function of the rectum?
    stores and regulates elimination of feces
  20. What are the important enzymes of digestion?
    Amylase, lipase, protease (pepsin, trypsin)
  21. What are the gatekeeper functions of the liver?
    • destroys old red blood cells
    • detoxifies blood by removing toxins
    • makes plasma proteins
    • stores and releases glucose as needed to maintain blood sugar
    • produces urea when amino acids are metabolized
    • helps regulate cholesterol levels
  22. Secretion of the liver temporarily stored and concentrated in the gallbladder before being released into the small intestine, where it emulsifies fat
  23. Chronic, irreversible injury to liver tissue
  24. delayed and difficult defication caused by insufficient water in the feces
  25. Excessively frequent bowel movements
  26. Burning pain in the chest that occurs when part of the stomach contents escape into the esophagus
  27. Inflammation of the liver
  28. Yellowish tint to the skin caused by an abnormal amount of bilirubin in the blood
  29. automatic, involuntary response of an organism to a stumuls
  30. Muscle that surrounds a tube and closes or opens the tube by contracting and relaxing
  31. Wavelike contractions that propel substances along a tubular structure such as the esophagus.
  32. Small, fingerlike projection of the inner small intestinal wall
  33. Malignant tumor whose nondifferentiated cells exhibit loss of contact inhibition, uncontrolled growth, and the ability to invade tissue and metastasize
  34. Alteration in chromosome structure or number and also an alteration in a gene due to a change in DNA composition
  35. Spread of cancer from the place or origin throughout the body
  36. Cells derived from a single mutated cell that has repeatedly undergone cell division
  37. generalized infection of the lining of the abdominal cavity
  38. condition that refers to the inflammation of the brain or spinal cord meninges
  39. Maintenance of normal internal conditions in a cell or an organism by means of self-regulating mechanisms
  40. unstructured semifluid substance that fills the space between cells in connective tissues or inside organelles
  41. disease-causing agent
  42. What organs are in the reproductive system?
    testes, penis, ovaries, uterus, vagina
  43. What is the function of the reproductive system?
    • produces and transports gametes
    • nurtures and gives birth to offspring in females
  44. What organ makes up the integumentary system?
  45. What is the function of the integumentary system?
    • protects body
    • provides temperature homeostasis
    • synthesizes vitamin D
    • receives sensory input
  46. What organ make up the cardiovascular system?
  47. What is the function of the cardiovascular system?
    • transport system for nutrients, waste
    • provides temperature, pH, and fluid homeostasis
  48. What organs make up the lymphatic and immune systems?
    lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen
  49. What is the function of the lymphatic and immune system?
    • Defends against infectious diseases
    • provides fluid homeostasis
    • assists in absorption and transport of fats
  50. What organs make up the digestive system?
    oral cavities, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
  51. What is the function of the digestive system?
    • ingests, digests, and processes food
    • absorbs nutrients and eliminates waste
    • involved in fluid homeostasis
  52. What organ makes up the respiratory system?
  53. What is the function of the respiratory system?
    • Exchanges gases at both lungs and tissues
    • assists in pH homeostasis
  54. What organs make up the urinary system?
    Kidneys, urinary bladder
  55. What is the function of the urinary system?
    • excretes metabolic wastes
    • provides pH and fluids homeostasis
  56. What organ makes up the skeletal system?
  57. What is the function of the skeletal system?
    • provides support and protection
    • assists in movement
    • stores minerals
    • produces blood cells
  58. What organ makes up the muscular system?
  59. What is the function of the muscular system?
    • assists in movement and posture
    • produces heat
  60. What organs make up the nervous system?
    brain, spinal cord
  61. What is the function of the nervous system
    • receives, processes, and stores sensory input
    • provides motor output
    • coordinates organ systems
  62. What organs make up the endocrine system?
    testes, ovaries, adrenal glands, pancreas, thymus, thyroid, pineal gland
  63. What is the function of the endocrine system?
    • produces hormones
    • coordinates organ systems and stress responses
    • involved in fluid and pH homeostasis
  64. A group of similar cells which perform a specific function
Card Set:
Biology Exam 2
2013-10-12 22:53:25
Biology 101

Biology Exam 2
Show Answers: