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"The Dilemma Argument"
- 1.If determinism is true, there is no moral responsibility.
- 2.If determinism is not true, there is no moral responsibility.
- Therefore, there is no moral responsibility.
"The Hard Determinist Argument"
- If determinism is true, there is no moral responsibility.
- Determinism is true.
- Therefore, there is no moral responsibilty
Difference between "The Dilemma Argument" and "The Hard Determinist Argument"
- Dilemma - whether or not determinism is true, there is no moral responsibility
- Hard - no moral responsibility because determinism is true.
What "Dilemma" & "Hard" arguments have in common.
- If determinism is true, there is no moral responsibility
- (label for this claim; incompatibilism)
An incompatibilist is..
someone who accepts the claim that if determinism is true, there is no moral responsibility.
If either argument is correct..
- there is no moral responsibility.
- Meaning it is necessary to disprove both arguments if you believe in moral responsibility.
Both arguments reply on incompatibilism. Therefore one way to show that both arguments are false,
would be to show that incompatibilism is mistaken.
A label for the position that incompatibilism is mistaken is..
- a compatibilist.
A compatibilist would reject both arguments because...
they reject "if determinism is true, there is no moral responsibility.
small changes in the past can cause huge changes in the future
If you believe in butterfly effect..
- you believe in determinism.
- (however, you can be a determinist & not believe in the butterfly effect)
- Compatibilism; we could have moral responsibility
- Determinism is true
Libertarianism is an incompatibilist who believes
that we have moral responsibility
- simple indeterminist theories of moral responsibility
- theory of agency
Theory of Agency
-X-> Agent ---> Action
God's 3 o's
- Able to prevent evil
- All powerful
- WANTS to prevent evil
- All good
- Knows whether evil exists and would now how to prevent it
- All knowing
1st order leads to 2nd order..
- Starvation --> Charity
- Murder --> Forgiveness
What is evil?
Actions that lead to pain and suffering.