A&P Histology

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Author:
lunarii27
ID:
240269
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A&P Histology
Updated:
2013-10-15 23:51:15
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Human anatomy histology
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Description:
A&P histology tissue identification
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  1. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Adipose Loose Connective Tissue - sparse matrix; closely packed adipocytes; nucleus pushed to the side.
    • Cells - Adipocytes, fibroblasts, fibrocytes, macrophages, mast cells, white blood cells, fat cells.
    • Fibers - Elastic, collagen, reticular.
  2. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Adipose Loose Connective Tissue
    • Located:  Under skin; around kidneys & eyeballs; within abdomen; in breasts
    • Functions:  Reserve fuel; insulation against heat loss; supports & protects organs
  3. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Areolar Loose Connective Tissue:  Gel-like matrix
    • Cells:  Fibroblasts, fibrocytes,macrophages, mast cells, white blood cells, fat cells.
    • Fibers:  Elastic, collagen, reticular.
  4. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Areolar Loose Connective Tissue
    • Located:  Widely distributed under epithelia; forms lamina propria of mucous membranes; packages organs; surrounds capillaries.
    • Function:  Wraps & cushions organs; macrophages phagocytize bacteria; plays important role in inflammation; holds & conveys tissue fluids.
  5. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Reticular Loose Connective Tissue
    • Cells:  Fibroblasts (aka reticular cells), fibrocytes, fat cells, white blood cells, mast cells, macrophages
    • Fibers:  Reticular
  6. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Reticular Loose Connective Tissue
    • Located:  Lymph nodes, bone marrow, spleen.
    • Functions:  Fibers form meshwork to supports other cell types.
  7. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Dense Regular Connective Tissue:  scant ground substance
    • Cells:  Rows of fibroblasts in between collagen fibers, fibrocytes, white blood cells, fat cells, macrophages, mast cells.
    • Fibers:  Primarily closely packed, parallel collagen fibers, a few elastic fibers.
  8. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Dense Regular Connective Tissue
    • Located:  Tendons, most ligaments, fascia, aponeuroses (flat, sheetlike tendons).
    • Function:  Attaches muscles to bones or muscles or bones to bones; withstands great tensile stress when pulling force is applied in one direction.
  9. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Dense Irregular Connective Tissue:  scant ground substance
    • Cells:  Fibroblasts, fibrocytes, mast cells, white blood cells, macrophages, fat cells.
    • Fibers:  Irregular, thick bundles of collagen fibers, some elastic fibers.
  10. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Dense Irregular Connective Tissue
    • Located:  Fibrous capsules of organs & joints; dermis of the skin; submucosa of the digestive tract.
    • Functions:  Able to withstand tension exerted from many directions; provides structural strength.
  11. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Elastic Connective Tissue
    • Cells:  Fibroblasts, fibrocytes, macrophages, mast cells, fat cells.
    • Fibers:  Dense regular connective tissue (collagen fibers) containing a high proportion of elastic fibers
  12. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Elastic Connective Tissue
    • Located:  Walls of large arteries; within certain ligaments associated with the vertebral column; within the walls of the bronchial tubes.
    • Functions:  Allows recoil of tissue following stretching; maintains pulsatile flow of blood through arteries; aids passive recoil of lungs following inspiration.
  13. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Hyaline Cartilage (gristle):  Amourphous but firm matrix that appears glassy and blue-white to the naked eye.
    • Cells:  Chondroblasts (produce matrix) that lie in lacunae when mature chondrocytes.
    • Fibers:  Imperceptible collagen fibers.
  14. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Hyaline Cartilage (gristle)
    • Located:  Covers the ends of the long bones in joint cavities; costal cartilages of the ribs, cartilages of the nose, trachea & larynx; forms most of embryonic skeleton.
    • Functions:  Supports & reinforces; resilient cushioning; resists compressive stress.
  15. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Elastic Cartilage:  Similar to hyaline cartilage but stretchier.
    • Cells:  Chondroblasts, chondrocytes.
    • Fibers:  Collagen and elastic fibers.
  16. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Elastic Cartilage
    • Located:  External ear (pinna); epiglottis.
    • Function:  Maintaining shape while allowing great flexibility.
  17. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Fibrocartilage:  Less firm than hyaline cartilage.
    • Cells:  Chrondroblasts, Rows of chondrocytes that alternate with...
    • Fibers:  Rows of thick collagen fibers
  18. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Fibrocartilage
    • Located:  Intervertebral discs; pubic symphysis; discs of knee joint (minisci).
    • Functions:  Tensile strength with ability to absorb compressive shock.
  19. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Osseous Tissue:  Hard, calcified matrix containing inorganic calcium salts (bone salts); very well vascularized. 
    • Cells:  Osteoblasts, osteocytes in lacunae.
    • Fibers:  Collagen fibers
  20. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Osseous Tissue
    • Located:  Bones!
    • Functions:  Supports & protects; provides levers for muscles; stores fat, calcium & other minerals; hematopoiesis.
  21. Name the tissue and what types of cells and fibers you may find in it.
    • Blood:  Plasma forms matrix
    • Cells:  Erythrocytes (RBC), leukocytes (WBC), platelets
    • Fibers:  Fibrin (forms clots)
  22. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Blood
    • Located:  Within blood vessels & the heart.
    • Functions:  Transport of respiratory gases, nutrients, wastes & other substances.
  23. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Simple squamous epithelium
    • Located:  Kidney glomeruli; air sacs of lungs; lining of heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels; lining of ventral body cavity (serosae)
    • Functions:  Allows diffusion, filtration, secretes lubricating substances in serosae
  24. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Simple cuboidal epithelium
    • Located:  Kidney tubules; ducts & secretory portions of small glands; ovary surface
    • Functions:  Secretion & absorption
  25. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Simple columnar epithelium
    • Located:  Non-ciliated type lines most of the  digestive tract from stomach to anal canal, gallbladder, excretory ducts of some glands; ciliated variety lines small bronchi, uterine tubes, some regions of uterus.
    • Function:  Absorption; secretion of mucus, enzymes, etc; ciliated type propels mucus or reproductive cells.
  26. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Pseudostratified columnar epithelium
    • Located:  Ciliated variety lines trachea, most of upper respiratory tract; non-ciliated type in male's sperm-carrying ducts & ducts of large glands.
    • Functions:  Secretion, particularly of mucus; propulsion of mucus by ciliary action.
  27. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Stratified squamous epithelium
    • Located:  Keratinized variety forms epidermis of the skin (dry membrane); non-keratinized type forms the moist linings of esophagus, mouth & vagina.
    • Functions:  Protects underlying tissues in areas subjected to abrasion.
  28. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Transitional epithelium
    • Location:  Lines ureters, urinary bladder & part of urethra.
    • Functions:  Stretches & permits distension of urinary organs.
  29. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Nervous tissue
    • Located:  Brain, spinal cord, nerves.
    • Functions:  Communication, transports electrical signals.
  30. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Skeletal muscle
    • Located:  Attached via tendons to bones.
    • Functions:  Movement, facial expressions.
  31. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Cardiac muscle
    • Located:  Walls of the heart
    • Functions:  Propel blood into circulation
  32. Name the tissue, where you might find it, and one of it's functions.
    • Smooth muscle
    • Located:  Walls of hollow organs, such as small intestines.
    • Functions:  Propels substances or objects along internal passageways.

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