Micro Biology

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  1. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
    Abbreviated AIDS; a disease that breaks down the body's immune system. AIDS is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
  2. Acquired Immunity
    Immunity that the body develops after overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations), or through exposure to natural allergens such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed.
  3. Allergy
    Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances.
  4. Antiseptics
    Chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
  5. Aseptic Procedures
    A process of properly handling sterillized and disinfected equipment and supplies to reduce contamination.
  6. Asymptomatic
    Showing no signs of infection.
  7. Autoclave
    A device for sterilization by steam under pressure.
  8. Bacilli
    Short rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
  9. Bacteria (Singular: bacterium)
    One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics. Some are harmful; some are harmless.
  10. Bactericidal
    Capable of destroying bacteria.
  11. Binary Fission
    The division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells.
  12. Bioburden
    The number of viable organisms in or on an object or surface or the organic material on a surface or object before decontamination or sterilization.
  13. Bloodborne Pathogens
    Disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV.
  14. Body Substance Isolation
    Abbreviated BSI; a system of precautions developed by a Seattle hospital in 1987 to prevent contact with bodily substances and fluids by using protective apparel to prevent the spread of communicable disease.
  15. Chelating Soaps
    Aslo known as chelating detergents; detergents that break down stubborn films and remove the residue of products such as scrubs, salts, and masks.
  16. Clean
    Also known as cleaning; a mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent and water to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs. Cleaning also removes invisible debris that interferes with disinfection.
  17. Cocci
    Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly (alone) or in groups. The three types of cocci are staphylococci, and diplococci.
  18. Contagious Disease
    Also known as communicable desease; a disease that is spread from one person to another person. Some of the more contagious diseases are the common cold, ringworm, conjunctivitis (pinkeye), viral infections, and natural nail or toe and foot infections.
  19. Contamination
    The presence, or the reasonably anticipated presence, of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface or visible debris or residues such as dust, hair, and skin.
  20. Cross-contamination
    Contamination that occurs when you touch on object and then transfer the contents of that object to another, such as touching skin, then touching a product without washing your hands.
  21. Decontamination
    The removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an item's surface and the removal of visible debris or residue such as dust, hair, and skin.
  22. Dermatophytes
    A type of fungi that causes skin, hair, and nail infections.
  23. Diagnosis
    Determination of the nature of a disease from its symptoms and/or diagnostic tests. Federal regulations prohibit salon professionals from performing a diagnosis.
  24. Diplococci
    Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
  25. Direct Transmission
    Transmission of blood or body fluids through touching (including shaking hands), kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking.
  26. Disease
    An abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function.
Card Set:
Micro Biology
2013-10-13 05:57:35
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