SOCIO 221 CH4

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oathkeepr
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240368
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SOCIO 221 CH4
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2013-10-16 12:54:34
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SOCIO 221 chapter 4 notecards
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  1. Sick Role refers to...
    a set of expectations intended to guide the behavior of people who are ill
  2. An example of a person in the sick role would be...
    that the person that is sick is expected to do all they can to get well.
  3. What are the two types of diseases?
    • Acute Disease
    • Chronic Disease
  4. Acute Disease refers to...
    a disease with a fairly quick, and sometimes dramatic and incapacitating, onset and from which a person either dies or recovers
  5. Acute Diseases are usually caused by...
    an organism or parasite that infects or invades the body
  6. Examples of acute disease are...
    influenza, tuberculosis, and gastroenteritis
  7. Chronic Disease refers to...
    a disease which will progress over a long period of time and often exist long before it is detected
  8. Chronic diseases are usually caused by...
    a mixture of biological, social, and environmental factors
  9. Examples of a chronic disease are...
    heart disease, cancer, and HIV/AIDS
  10. What are the two types of medicine?
    • Preventative Medicine
    • Curative Medicine
  11. Curative Medicine is also known as...
    Crisis Medicine
  12. Preventive Medicine refers to...
    changes in lifestyle or other steps that help avoid the occurrence of disease
  13. An example of preventive medicine would be...
    when a person stops smoking or never starts smoking
  14. Curative Medicine refers to...
    treating people’s illnesses after they become ill
  15. An example of curative medicine would be when...
    a person goes through heart surgery after a heart attack
  16. Socioeconomic Status refers to...
    people’s position in a society as measured by their income, educational attainment, and occupational status
  17. An example of socioeconomic status would be when...
    people with a higher SES tend to have more access to health services than people with a lower SES
  18. SES
    Socioeconomic Status
  19. What are the two types of deviance?
    • Primary Deviance
    • Secondary Devicance
  20. Primary Deviance refers to...
    the violation of social norms in which the violator is not caught or is excused rather than labeled as a deviant
  21. Primary Deviance also refers to...
    behavior that one engages in but may not be noticed
  22. An example of primary deviance would be when ...
    a person follows certain customs and deviates from the norms
  23. Secondary Deviance refers to...
    behavior that a person adopts in reaction to being labeled as deviant
  24. Secondary Deviance also refers to...
    behavior that one engages in as a result of a self-fulfilling prophecy
  25. An example of secondary deviance would be when...
    someone calls a person crazy and that person begins to act out and engage in deviant behavior
  26. Third-Party Medicine refers to...
    a situation wherein the patient pays premiums into a fund, and the doctor or hospital is paid from this fund for each treatment provided the patient
  27. An example of Third-Party Medicine would be...
    the third-party medicine provider can be a private health insurance company or a government program such as Medicare or Medicaid
  28. Proprietary Hospitals refers to...
    hospitals that are investor-owned and profit-making hospitals
  29. An example of a proprietary hospital would be...
    Humana
  30. Medical-Industrial Complex refers to a concept coined by...
    Arnold S. Relman
  31. Medical-Industrial Complex refers to...
    the coincidence of interests between physicians and other health-care providers and the industries producing health-care goods and services, with both parties profiting from the increased use of these commodities while the health-care consumer pays enormous costs for inadequate care
  32. Medical-Industrial Complex leads to...
    a conflict because many of the businesses are owned by doctors or employ doctors
  33. An example of Medical-Industrial Complex would be when...
    doctors get bonuses for prescribing certain drugs made by certain companies; doctors get bonuses for not making referrals to expensive tests although the patient may need it
  34. Bioethics refers to...
    the study of ethical questions that relate to the life and biological well-being of people
  35. Bioethics also involves...
    the connection between ethical, medical, and biological considerations
  36. An example of bioethics is...
    the decision to prolong life or the decision to pull the plug as in the Terri Schiavo Case
  37. Terri Schiavo Case
    • A woman in Florida that was sick and fell into a coma.
    • Blame is found on the medical company and husband asks for money to care for his wife.
    • Soon after receiving money, husband attempts to kill her and keep the money.
    • Additionally, he also remarries and has a child with his new wife.
    • Terri's parents want custody of her, but lose in court.
    • The ex-husband took Terri off life support.
  38. Medicare refers to...
    a government health insurance program for those over 65 years of age
  39. In California, Medicare is known as...
    Medi-Cal
  40. An example of Medicare is when...
    seniors pay a monthly fee and the program pays some of the costs for hospitalization, prescription drugs, nursing-home care, home-health care, doctors’ fees, outpatient services, etc.
  41. Medicaid refers to...
    a joint federal-state program to provide medical care for low-income people of any age who meet certain criteria
  42. Medicaid also has helped...
    to reduce the difference in the use of health-care services between the affluent and low-income people
  43. An example of Medicaid would be when...
    low-income people who meet certain criteria get access to hospitalization, prescription drugs, nursing-home care, home-health care, doctors’ fees, outpatient services, etc.
  44. National Health Insurance refers to...
    a government health insurance program covering all citizens
  45. An example of National Health Insurance would be that....; yet the USA...
    • Great Britain has had a national health insurance program since 1911;
    • is among the industrial or postindustrial countries which does not have a national health insurance program
  46. How many years has Great Britain had a national health insurance program?
    Over 100 years.
  47. Managed Care refers to...
    a health-care system that focuses on controlling costs by monitoring and controlling the health-care decisions of doctors and patients
  48. An example of managed care are...
    Health Maintenance Organizations and Preferred Provider Organization
  49. Health Maintenance Organization refers to...
    an organization that agrees to provide for all of a person’s health-care needs for a fixed, periodic premium
  50. Health Maintenance Organization is when a...
    patient has to select a primary care physician and does need referrals to see other Kaiser providers
  51. An example of a hospital that is a Health Maintenance Organization is...
    Kaiser Permanente
  52. Preferred Provider Organization refers to...
    an organization that agrees to give access to a network of “preferred providers” that will provide all of a person’s health-care needs for a fixed, periodic premium
  53. Preferred Provider Organization is when a...
    patient does not need to select a primary care physician and does not need referrals to see other providers in that are listed in the network
  54. An example of a hospital that is a Preferred Provider Organization is..
    Blue Cross Blue Shield
  55. PPO
    Preferred Provider Organization
  56. HMO
    Health Maintenance Organization

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